Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

2

MicroRNA expression changes associated with specific STAT3 activation


ABSTRACT: Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a critical transcription factor in cancer. However, while the protein-coding target genes of STAT3 have been extensively studied, the microRNA target genes of STAT3 are less understood. MicroRNAs are short, non-coding RNAs that regulate messenger RNAs through translational inhibition and transcript degradation. They have been found to be involved in all aspects of cancer biology. Given the roles of both STAT3 and miRNAs in cancer, the function of STAT3 as a transcription factor, and the dearth of known STAT3 miRNA targets, our goal was to identify novel STAT3 miRNA targets relevant to cancer. To do so, we engineered MCF-10A cells with doxycycline-inducible expression of STAT3C. STAT3C is a constitutively-active mutant version of STAT3. Although STAT3 can be activated by various growth factors and kinases, other pathways can be activated as well, which would confound analysis of the results. Thus, the advantage of STAT3C is that it allowed specific and focused activation of STAT3 alone, and this screen represents the first genome-wide survey of miRNA expression changes associated specifically with STAT3 activity. MCF-10A, a non-transformed breast epithelial cell line, was chosen because STAT3C has been reported to be sufficient to cause their neoplastic transformation. Therefore, we reasoned that analysis of STAT3C’s effects in MCF-10A cells would be especially informative for STAT3-regulated miRNAs relevant to cancer. As a result of our study, we identified previously-known as well as novel miRNA targets of STAT3. Doxycycline-inducible MCF-10A cells were seeded, and then untreated (grown in standard growth media alone) or treated with 2μg/ml doxycycline for 48hr. Each condition was performed in biological triplicate (labeled A, B, and C), for a total of 6 samples. Total RNA was harvested and submitted to the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Molecular Diagnostics Laboratory. MicroRNA expression profiling was performed using TaqMan Low-Density Arrays (TLDA), human miRNA version 2.0A and version 3.0B cards (Applied Biosystems).

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: David A Frank   Michael Xiang 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-44089 | ArrayExpress | 2014-02-05

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE44089PRJNA188553

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

altmetric image

Publications

STAT3 induction of miR-146b forms a feedback loop to inhibit the NF-κB to IL-6 signaling axis and STAT3-driven cancer phenotypes.

Xiang Michael M   Birkbak Nicolai J NJ   Vafaizadeh Vida V   Walker Sarah R SR   Yeh Jennifer E JE   Liu Suhu S   Kroll Yasmin Y   Boldin Mark M   Taganov Konstantin K   Groner Bernd B   Richardson Andrea L AL   Frank David A DA  

Science signaling 20140128 310


Interleukin-6 (IL-6)-mediated activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a mechanism by which chronic inflammation can contribute to cancer and is a common oncogenic event. We discovered a pathway, the loss of which is associated with persistent STAT3 activation in human cancer. We found that the gene encoding the tumor suppressor microRNA miR-146b is a direct STAT3 target gene, and its expression was increased in normal breast epithelial cells but decreased in t  ...[more]

Similar Datasets

2012-05-31 | E-GEOD-38364 | ArrayExpress
2013-10-30 | E-GEOD-51828 | ArrayExpress
2014-11-19 | E-GEOD-61654 | ArrayExpress
| GSE102758 | GEO
2016-02-27 | E-GEOD-78714 | ArrayExpress
2013-05-23 | E-GEOD-41838 | ArrayExpress
2014-01-30 | E-GEOD-54492 | ArrayExpress
2010-12-09 | E-GEOD-25967 | ArrayExpress
2010-01-15 | GSE17182 | GEO
2013-10-23 | E-GEOD-49152 | ArrayExpress