Platelet micro-RNA expression in type 2 diabetes mellitus
ABSTRACT: Results Platelets in non-diabetic patients demonstrated miRNA expression profiles comparable to previously published data. The miRNA expression profiles of platelets in diabetics were similar. Statistical analysis unveiled only three miRNAs (miR-377-5p, miR-628-3p, miR-3137) with high reselection probabilities in resampling techniques, corresponding to signatures with only modest discriminatory performance. Functional annotation of predicted targets for these miRNAs pointed towards an influence of diabetes mellitus on mRNA processing. Conclusions/interpretation We did not find any major differences in platelet miRNA profiles between diabetics and non-diabetics. Minor differences pertained to miRNAs associated with mRNA processing. Thus, previously described differences in plasma miRNAs between diabetic and nondiabetic patients cannot be explained by plain changes in the platelet miRNA profile. Platelet miRNA profiles were assessed in clinically stable diabetic and nondiabetic patients (each n=30). Platelet miRNA was isolated from leucocyte-depleted platelet-rich plasma, and miRNA profiling was performed using LNA micro-array technology (miRBase 18.0, containing 1,917 human miRNAs). Effects of diabetes mellitus were explored by univariate statistical tests for each miRNA, adjusted for potential confounders, and by developing a multivariable signature, which was evaluated by resampling techniques. Platelet phenotype was assessed by light transmission aggregometry and impedance aggregometry.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate cell physiology by altering protein expression, but the biology of platelet miRNAs is largely unexplored. We tested whether platelet miRNA levels were associated with platelet reactivity by genome-wide profiling using platelet RNA from 19 healthy subjects. We found that human platelets express 284 miRNAs. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering of miRNA profiles resulted in 2 groups of subjects that appeared to cluster by platelet aggregation phenotypes. Seventy-four miRNAs were differentially expressed (DE) between subjects grouped according to platelet aggregation to epinephrine, a subset of which predicted the platelet reactivity response. Using whole genome mRNA expression data on these same subjects, we computationally generated a high-priority list of miRNA-mRNA pairs in which the DE platelet miRNAs had binding sites in 3'UTRs of DE mRNAs, and the levels were negatively correlated. Three miRNA-mRNA pairs (miR-200b:PRKAR2B, miR-495:KLHL5 and miR-107:CLOCK) were selected from this list and all 3 miRNAs knocked down protein expression from the target mRNA. Reduced activation from platelets lacking PRKAR2B supported these findings. In summary, (1) platelet miRNAs are able to repress expression of platelet proteins, (2) miRNA profiles are associated with and may predict platelet reactivity, and (3) bioinformatic approaches can successfully identify functional miRNAs in platelets. Total RNA from the platelets of 19 donors was harvested and labeled with Hy3. Reference RNA (a pool of all samples) was labeled with Hy5. This submission represents the miRNA expression component of the study.
Project description:The study aimed to identify miRNAs expression profiles associated with growth and regression of dominant-size follicles in bovine. Follicles were collected from abattoir ovaries and their status (healthy/atretic) was assessed by measuring steroid levels and aromatase expression. Total RNA was isolated from whole follicles at different developmental stages. An heterologous microarray (Exiqon, Denmark) approach followed by RT-qPCR validation (Qiagen, UK) was used to identify and compare miRNA profiles between large healthy follicles (diameter, 13–16 mm, n=6) and each of small (4–8 mm, n=6 pools of follicles) and large atretic folllicles (13-16 mm, n=6). RNA from the above groups was hybridized to the miRCURY LNA™ microRNA Hi-Power Labeling Kit,Hy3™/Hy5™ (Exiqon) and hybridized on the miRCURY LNA™ microRNA Array (6th gen). A total of 17 and 57 microRNAs were differentially expressed (> 2 fold, adj. P-value < 0.05) between Large Healthy and each of Small and Large Atretic follicles, respectively, a fraction of which corresponded to registered bovine miRNA sequences. A subset of 5 bovine miRNAs (miR-144, miR-202,vmiR-451, miR-652, miR-873) were confirmed by qPCR to be upregulated in Large Healthy follicles, were enriched in mural granulosa cells and their predicted targets mapped to genes involved in follicular cell proliferation and differentiation, suggesting an involvemet of this subset of microRNAs in ovarian follicle development. Six biological replicates per developmental stage (total of 18 samples) were used in a double dye microRNA microarray experiment. Samples were distributed among slides so that each experimental group was represented at least once in each slide. For each gene, mean normalized intensities (n= 6 biological replicates/group) were compared between follicle stages (SF vs LHF and LHF vs LAF).
Project description:By employing miRCURY LNA™ microRNA Array, we have identified a subset of 21 top miRNAs that are differentially expressed between GM-BMM and M-BMM cells To know the differential expression of miRNA in mouse GM-CSF-induced bone marrow-derived macrophages (GM-BMM) vs. M-CSF-induced BMM (M-BMM)
Project description:Background: T-cell intracellular antigen (TIA) proteins function as regulators of cell homeostasis. These proteins control gene expression globally at multiple levels in response to dynamic regulatory changes and environmental stresses. Herein we identified a micro(mi)RNA signature associated to transiently TIA-depleted HeLa cells and analyzed the potential role of miRNAs combining genome-wide analysis data on mRNA and miRNA profiles. Results: Using high-throughput miRNA expression profiling, transient depletion of TIA-proteins in HeLa cells was observed to promote significant and reproducible changes (>2-fold, FDR<0.0001) affecting to a pool of up-regulated miRNAs (miR-30b*, miR125a-3p, miR-193a-5p, miR-197_MM2, miR-203, miR-210, miR-371-5p, miR-373*, miR-483-5p, miR-492, miR-498, miR-503, miR-572, miR-586, miR-612, miR-615, miR-623, miR-625, miR-629, miR-638, miR-658, miR-663, miR-671, miR-769-3p and miR-744). Differential expression analysis of some miRNAs was validated by reverse transcription and real time PCR. By target prediction and combined analysis of the genome-wide expression profiles of the mRNAs and miRNAs identified in TIA-depleted HeLa cells, we detected concomitant connections between up-regulated miRNAs and putative and experimental targeted mRNAs. Gene Ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database analyses suggest that targeted mRNAs are related with biological processes associated to the regulation of DNA-dependent transcription, signal transduction and multicellular organismal development as well as with the enrichment of pathways in cancer, focal adhesion, regulation of actin cytoskeleton and MAPK and Wnt signalling pathways, respectively. Conclusion: All this considered, these observations suggest that specific miRNAs could act as potential mediators of the epigenetic switch linking transcriptomic dynamics and cell phenotypes mediated by TIA proteins. The analysis includes two cell types. Three biological replicates were performed per cell type and they were compared by using three dual-channel microarray hybridizations.
Project description:Due to their role in tumorigenesis and remarkable stability in body fluids, microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as a promising diagnostic tool. The aim of this study was to identify tumor miRNA signatures for the discrimination of breast cancer and the intrinsic molecular subtypes, and the study in plasma of the status of the most significant ones in order to identify potential circulating biomarkers for breast cancer detection. MiRNA expression profiling of 1919 human miRNAs was conducted in 122 FFPE breast tumors (31 luminal A, 33 luminal B, 27 Her2 and 31 triple negative) and 11 normal breast tissues using LNA based miRNA microarrays. Breast tumors were divided into a training (n=61) and a test set (n=61). Both series comprised a similar number of samples from each molecular subtype. Differential expression analysis was performed and microarray classifiers were developed with samples from the training set and validated in samples from the test set. The most relevant miRNAs were validated by quantitative PCR and analyzed in plasma from 36 pretreated patients, 47 postreated patients and 26 healthy individuals. In addition, further validation in 114 pretreated patients and 116 healthy individuals was performed.
Project description:Sixth generation Exiqon® locked nucleic acid miRCURY™ LNA microarrays were used to search and validate some unidentified miRNAs that regulate EMT in head and neck cancer carcinoma. MiRNA array screening was performed to identify the differential expression of miRNAs involved in EMT in natural epithelial - mesenchymal phenotype cell line pair（HN-4, HN-12) and in TGF-β induced EMT models (HN-4 TGF-β,HN-4). HN-4 parental cell was served as the control.One µg total RNA from sample and control was labeled with Hy5™ and Hy3™ fluorescent label, respectively, using the miRCURY™ LNA Array power labeling kit (Exiqon, Denmark) following the procedure described by the manufacturer.
Project description:Endothelial-enriched total RNAs were obtained from the suprarenal region of the abdominal aorta which is the murine AAA prone area in AngII-infused C57BL/6 mice. At 12 or 36h post-AngII pump implantation, endothelial-enriched RNAs from four abdominal aortas were pooled to obtain ~30 ng total RNA as one array sample, performed in triplicates. All RNA samples used for miRNA microarray study passed the initial quality control test and each sample was linearly amplified.
Project description:To determine if treatment with a combined therapeutic regimen, which resulted in clinical benefit in a subset of patients in a clinical trial, alters miRNA expression in a way that may be used to guide treatment with these agents and to identify miRNAs that may be involved in the mechanism of action of this regimen Three-condition experiment, untreated tissue, post-temsirolimus alone treatment, post combination-treatment tissue. 33 total samples, including 5 samples resubmitted for quality control.
Project description:MicroRNA expression in the mouse eye.MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulators of biological processes. To define miRNA function in the eye, it is essential to determine a high-resolution profile of their spatial and temporal distribution. In this report, we present the first comprehensive survey of miRNA expression in ocular tissues, using both microarray and RNA in situ hybridization (ISH) procedures. We initially determined the expression profiles of miRNAs in the retina, lens, cornea and retinal pigment epithelium of the adult mouse eye by microarray. Each tissue exhibited notably distinct miRNA enrichment patterns and cluster analysis identified groups of miRNAs that showed predominant expression in specific ocular tissues or combinations of them. Next, we performed RNA ISH for over 220 miRNAs, including those showing the highest expression levels by microarray, and generated a high-resolution expression atlas of miRNAs in the developing and adult wild-type mouse eye, which is accessible in the form of a publicly available web database. We found that 122 miRNAs displayed restricted expression domains in the eye at different developmental stages, with the majority of them expressed in one or more cell layers of the neural retina . This analysis revealed miRNAs with differential expression in ocular tissues and provided a detailed atlas of their tissue-specific distribution during development of the murine eye. The combination of the two approaches offers a valuable resource to decipher the contributions of specific miRNAs and miRNA clusters to the development of distinct ocular structures. microRNA profiling of ocular tissues from mouse. In particular we analysed the cornea, lens, Retina Pigment Epithelium (RPE) and retina and compared them against RNA extracted from the entire eye. The purpose of this experiment was to understand which microRNAs are present nd/or show differential expression in the various structures of the eye (cornea, lens, RPE, retina). The samples numbered 1 & 2 (i.e. CORNEA1, CORNEA2 etc ) are biological replicates, prepared from tissues dissecyed from different groups of wild-type animals. RNA extracted from the entire eye (EYE) served as the unique reference sample. For each tissue to be analysed we performed the following hybridizations: - 2 slides for lens (LENS1, LENS2) vs entire eye (EYE) - 2 slides for RPE (RPE1, RPE2) vs entire eye (EYE) - 2 slides for retina (RETINA1, RETINA2) vs entire eye (EYE) - 2 slides for cornea (CORNEA1, CORNEA2) vs entire eye (EYE) - 1 slide for entire eye (EYE) vs entire eye (EYE)
Project description:Cardiomyocytes derived from human pluripotent stem cells were exposed to the cardiotoxic drug Doxorubicin in order to assess the utility of this cell system as a model for drug-induced cardiotoxicity. Cells are exposed to different concentrations of doxorubicin for up to 48 hours followed by a 12 days recovery period.