ABSTRACT: Human adipose tissue contains two populations of progenitors (EPCs and ASCs) with cooperative roles in breast cancer. EPCs (CD45-CD34+CD31+CD13-CCRL2+) can generate endothelial cells. ASCs (CD45-CD34+CD31-CD13+CD140b+) are mesenchymal progenitors which generated pericytes. CD13+ cells and CD13- cells from 7 Lipotransfer aspirate
Project description:A catalytic role has been proposed in neoplastic angiogenesis and cancer progression for bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). However, in preclinical and clinical studies the quantitative role of marrow-derived EPCs in cancer vascularization was found to be extremely variable. Adipose tissue represents an attractive source of autologous adult stem cells due to its abundance and surgical accessibility. CD34+cells from Lipotransfer aspirates (LAs) of patients undergoing breast reconstruction after breast cancer surgery were compared with CD34+ cells from Leucapheresis of normal subjects. Two samples of purified CD34+ cells from Lipotransfer Aspirates (LAs) were compared with two samples of CD34+ cells from Leucapheresis samples. The reference were considered the CD34+ RNA from leucapheresis
Project description:Mesoangioblasts are vessel-associated progenitor cells that show therapeutic promise for the treatment of muscular dystrophy. Mesoangioblasts have the ability to undergo skeletal muscle differentiation and cross the blood vessel wall regardless of the developmental stage at which they are isolated. Here we show that PW1/Peg3 is expressed at high levels in mesoangioblasts obtained from mouse, dog and human tissues and its level of expression correlates with their myogenic competence. Silencing PW1/Peg3 markedly inhibits myogenic potential of mesoangioblasts in vitro through MyoD degradation. Moreover, lack of PW1/Peg3 abrogates mesoangioblast ability to cross the vessel wall and to engraft into damaged myofibers through the modulation of the junctional adhesion molecule-A. We conclude that PW1/Peg3 function is essential for conferring proper mesoangioblast competence and that the determination of PW1/Peg3 levels in human mesoangioblasts may serve as a biomarker to identify the best donor populations for therapeutic application in muscular dystrophies. Ctrl Mesoangioblasts (MABs) transduced with a Lentiviral vector shControl (2 replicates, Ctrl_1 and Ctrl_2) and shPW1 Mesoangioblasts transduced with a Lentiviral vector shPW1 (2 replicates, PW1-siRna_1 and PW1-siRna_2)
Project description:The aim of this study was to characterize the effect of phenformin on human melanoma cells at the transcritpional level. Experimentally, A375 cells have been treated or untreated with 0.5mM phenformin for 72h, then lysed for RNA isolation.
Project description:The aim of this study was to generate an easy-to-reproduce, on-off in vitro model of metabolic switch in melanoma that can be used as a tool for the study of metabolic reprogramming under stress conditions, therapeutic pressure or microenvironmental changes. Experimentally, we forced melanoma cells to adapt to unfunctional OXPHOS by treating them with increasing doses of phenformin up to 0.5mM. We then characterized resistant (R) vs parental (S) cells both at the transcriptional and functional level, in particular focusing on cells aggressiveness and metabolism. By withdrawing phenformin, R cells returned functionally and metabolically similar to S cells, this confirmning the possibility to use this model as an on-off in vitro model of metabolic switch in melanoma.
Project description:Endothelial cells (ECs) express two members of the cadherin family, VE- and N-cadherin. While VE-cadherin induces EC homotypic adhesion, N-cadherin function in ECs remains largely unknown. EC-specific inactivation of either VE- or N-cadherin leads to early foetal lethality suggesting that these cadherins play a non-redundant role in vascular development. Goal of this study was to further investigate this hypothesis analyzing both additive and divergent functions of the two cadherins in ECs. The three endothelial cell lines were cultured. Total RNA was extracted using commercial homogenization (QIAshredder) and purification (RNeasy Mini Kit) reagents (Qiagen). Quality control (QC) of the RNA samples was performed using an Agilent Bioanalyzer 2100 (Agilent Technologies). Two different RNA extractions were processed for each of the cell lines under analysis, and each sample was labelled and hybridized to a Mouse Gene 1.0 ST Genechip array according to the manufacturer’s specifications (Affymetrix Inc). Data were analysed using Partek Genomics Suite v6.3 software (RMA algorithm). Differentially expressed genes were identified through ANOVA, using a fold change cutoff >2 and a p-value of 0.05.
Project description:Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) are a group of extra-intestinal E. coli that infect poultry, and are able to cause a variety of diseases, systemic or localized, collectively designated as colibacillosis. Colibacillosis is the most common bacterial illness in poultry production, resulting in significant economic losses world-wide. Despite of its importance, pathogenicity mechanisms of APEC strains remain not completelly elucidated and available vaccines are not fully effectives. In order to better understand which genes could be related to pathogenicity in different APEC isolated, a microarray analyses of two APEC strains representing: Swollen Head Syndrome and Omphalitis was carried out. We used the microarray methodology to evaluate the expression profile of two different APEC strains
Project description:The objective of the study was to find cardiac GATA-4 target genes by overexpressing GATA-4 transcription factor in the left ventricle by adenoviral gene transfer. Gene expression profiles three days after GATA-4 gene transfer were compared with those of Lac Z –treated animals by screening Affymetrix Rat Expression Set 230_2.0 Arrays (there are 5 samples in both group). Strain:Sprague-Dawley; Gender, Male; Weight 250-300g; tissue, left ventricle.
Project description:Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents the major subtype of liver cancer, characterized with a high rate of recurrence and heterogeneity. Liver cancer stem cells (CSCs) may account for a hierarchical organization of heterogeneous cancer cells. However, how liver CSCs sustain their self-renewal remains largely unknown. We used microarrays to discover the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) expression underlying cell stem cell (CSC) and non cell stem cell (non-CSC) and identified distinct lncRNAs during this process. We sorted CD13+CD133+ and CD13-CD133- cells from Hep3B, Huh7, and PLC/PRF/5 HCC cell lines as liver CSCs and non-CSCs, then hybridized on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to identify distinct lncRNAs in liver CSCs.
Project description:Rgg-dependent transcriptional regulation in Streptococcus pyogenes strains MGAS5005 and CS101 was analyzed during post-exponential phase of growth Keywords: strain comparion, post-exponential growth, rgg mutant Microarray analysis was performed using RNA samples isolated from wild-type MGAS5005 and CS101 strains as well as their rgg mutant strains during post-exponential phase of growth
Project description:Rgg-dependent transcriptional regulation in SF370 Streptococcus pyogenes strain was analyzed during post-exponential phase of growth Keywords: rgg mutant Microarray analysis was performed using RNA samples isolated from both wild-type SF370 and SF370 rgg mutant strains during post-exponential phase of growth