Maize plants (Zea may) : WT (Alice) vs. Yellow stripe mutants (ys1 or ys3) (qPCR)
ABSTRACT: qPCR gene expression profiling of Yellow stripe 1 (ys1) and ys3 mutants. ys1 and ys3 are recessive mutants of maize (Zea mays L.) that result in symptoms typical of Fe deficiency, i.e., interveinal chlorosis of the leaves. The objective of the present work was to identify the genes involved in the ys1 and ys3 phenotypes, so as to extend our understanding of Fe homeostasis in maize. Root or shoot of WT vs. ys1 or ys3 mutants under Fe sufficient or Fe deficient conditions respectively.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of Yellow stripe 1 (ys1) and ys3 mutants. ys1 and ys3 are recessive mutants of maize (Zea mays L.) that result in symptoms typical of Fe deficiency, i.e., interveinal chlorosis of the leaves. The objective of the present work was to identify the genes involved in the ys1 and ys3 phenotypes, so as to extend our understanding of Fe homeostasis in maize. Root or shoot of WT vs. ys1 or ys3 mutants under Fe sufficient or Fe deficient conditions respectively.
Project description:au10-14_fer - response of ein3eil1 mutants to fe deficiency - Response of ein3eil1 mutants to Fe deficiency - Wild type seedlings and ethylene insensitive ein3eil1 seedlings were germinated and grown in the presence of 50 µM Fe or absence of Fe (0 µM) on Hoagland medium agar plates until the age of 6 days. Under these growth conditions symptoms of Fe deficiency develop in the 0 Fe plants. Ethylene is known to promote Fe acquisition responses. Whole seedlings were harvested for transcriptome analysis, in a total of three biological replicates. 12 dye-swap - gene knock out,treated vs untreated comparison
Project description:Transcription profiling of citrus rootstock Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf. Keywords: Abiotic stress (Iron chlorosis) Total RNA from four replicates for each sample category (Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf watered for 60 days with 18 uM Fe-EDDHA or without Fe-EDDHA) were generated and compared.
Project description:Purpose: Zinc deficiency (ZnD) and iron deficiency (FeD), excess Zn (ZnE) and cadmium exposure (CdE) are major environmental problems for crop cultivation. Methods: Applying Tag-Seq technology to leaves of Brassica rapa grown under FeD, ZnD, ZnE or CdE conditions, with normal conditions as a control, we examined global gene expression changes and compared the expression patterns of multiple paralogs. Results: We identified 812, 543, 331 and 447 differentially expressed genes under FeD, ZnD, ZnE and CdE conditions, respectively, in B. rapa leaves.Further analysis revealed that genes associated with Zn, Fe and Cd responses tended to be over-retained in the B. rapa genome. Most of these multiple-copy genes showed the same direction of expression change under stress conditions. Conclusion: We conclude that the duplicated genes involved in trace element responses in B. rapa are functionally redundant, making the regulatory network more complex in B. rapa than in Arabidopsis thaliana. In total, there were 15 Digital gene expression libraries, one for each of the three replicates under the four trace metal element treatments and normal nutrient supply conditions as a control.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of rice genes analyzing the effect of knockdown of OsHRZ1 and OsHRZ2 in HRZ2i lines. NT and HRZ2i lines 1, 2 and 3 (2i-1, 2i-2 and 2i-3, respectively) were treated under iron sufficiency for 7 days (+Fe 7d) or under iron deficiency for 1 day (-Fe 1d) or 7 days (-Fe 7d) in hydroponic culture. Comparison between NT and HRZ2i lines at +Fe 7d, -Fe 1d and -Fe 7d. Biological replicates: 2-3 NT replicates, 3 HRZ2i replicates (one each for 2i-1, 2i-2 and 2i-3) for each treatment.
Project description:Several metals are essential nutrients for plants but metals are toxic in excess, deleteriously affecting crop yield and quality. Various kinds of genes involved in metal homeostasis have been investigated in detail over the past few decades and the mechanisms of how metals are absorbed from soil and distributed in plants have been elucidated. However, numerous genes related to metal homeostasis remain to be investigated and a comprehensive analysis of the expressions of these genes is required. In the present study, we investigated the spatial gene expression profile of iron (Fe)-deficient and cadmium (Cd)-stressed rice by a combination of laser capture microdissection and microarray analysis. We performed comprehensive microarray analysis of a rice root using laser microdissection and collected a total of 13 samples (3 replicates for each sample, 39 total microarray data). Roots of normal, Fe-deficient (-Fe) and Cd-stressed (+Cd) rice were separated into the vascular bundle (VB), cortex (Cor), and epidermis plus exodermis (EP). In addition, vascular bundles from new leaves (newDC) and old leaves (oldDC) at the lowest node, which are important for metal distribution, were separately analyzed.
Project description:Essential metals such as iron are required for healthy plant growth. Fe is an important cofactor and catalytic element in many biological processes. Fe and other metals can also be toxic when present in excess. Therefore plants have mechanisms of metal homeostasis which involve coordination of metal ion transporters for uptake, translocation and compartmentalisation. The NAS genes are supposed to play an important role in Fe homeostasis. They are coding for enzymes called nicotianaminesynthase (NAS), which synthesize nicotianamine (NA) by a one-step condensation reaction of three molecules S-adenosyl-methionine. NA acts as a chelator for Fe, Cu, Ni and Zn and might be involved in the transport and allocation of Fe throughout the plant. We generated quadruple T-DNA insertion mutant nas plants to investigate NA function as described in Klatte et al., 2009, Plant Physiol. The nas4x-1 plants show an interveinal leaf chlorosis when turning from vegetative to reproductive stage, which intensifies when growing under Fe deficiency conditions. nas4x-1 plants have strongly reduced NA contents and show an elevated Fe deficiency response in roots. By performing microarray experiments we want to reveal global changes on transcriptional level in roots and leaves of nas4x-1 mutant compared to wild type plants grown under Fe supply and Fe deficiency conditions, respectively. The loss of NAS genes has a strong impact on the regulation of other metal homeostasis genes and allows to draw conclusions about nicotianamine function in metal homeostasis of A.thaliana. For this study, four-week old nas4x-1 mutant and wild type plants were exposed for 7 days to plant medium with and without Fe supply. These conditions have been established previously and have resulted in a reproducibly strong interveinal leaf chlorosis of nas4x-1 plants compared to wild type, especially upon Fe deficiency conditions. The experiment was repeated three times in consecutive weeks to obtain three independent biological repetitions. Rosette leaves and roots of five week-old plants were harvested, RNA was isolated and microarray hybridization was performed. 24 Total samples were analyzed. We generated the following pairwise comparisons: WT + Fe vs. – Fe, nas4x-1 + Fe vs. – Fe, + Fe WT vs. + Fe nas4x-1, - Fe WT vs. - Fe nas4x-1, roots and leaves
Project description:Iron (Fe) deficiency is a yield-limiting factor for a variety of field crops across the world and generally results from the interaction of limited soil Fe bioavailability and susceptible genotype cultivation. Tomato, a Strategy I, model plant for Fe deficiency, is an important economical crop. Tomato responses in order to improve Fe uptake are based on acidification of rhizosphere, reduction of Fe3+ to Fe2+ and transport of Fe2+ into the cells. Transcriptional profile obtained by roots (27-d) of 21-d-old tomato plants starved of iron for an additional week was compared with the transcriptional profile obtained for roots (27-d) of 21-d-old tomato plants grown for an additional week at 100 μM Fe. Tomato plants were hydroponically grown in both cases. Three different biological replicates were used for each sample repeating the experiment three times. All samples were obtained pooling roots of six plants (27-d-old).
Project description:Iron (Fe) is an essential plant micronutrient, and its deficiency limits plant growth and development on alkaline soils. Under Fe deficiency, plant responses include upregulation of genes involved in Fe uptake from the soil. However, little is known about shoot responses to Fe deficiency. Using microarrays to probe gene expression in Kas-1 and Tsu-1 ecotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana revealed conserved rosette gene expression responses to Fe deficiency. Fe regulated genes included known metal homeostasis-related genes, and a number of genes of unknown function. Kas and Tsu Arabidopsis seedlings were grown on complete media for 24 d, and then put on complete or -Fe media and collected after 24 and 48 h.