Project description:We report the transcriptome analysis of E11.5 mouse embryonic heart presenting a reduction in Nkx2-5 expression compare to wild-type littermate. Transcriptome analysis of 3 different E11.5 hypomorphic hearts against 3 controls littermate hearts.
Project description:We report the identification of genome-wide binding site of the cardiac transcription factor Nkx2-5 during mouse heart development. Examination of Nkx2-5 binding in wild-type mouse in duplicate.
Project description:Dominant mutations in cardiac transcription factor genes cause human inherited congenital heart defects (CHDs), but their molecular basis is not understood. Transcription factors and Brg1/Brm-associated factor (BAF) chromatin remodeling complex interactions suggest potential mechanisms, but the role of BAF complexes in cardiogenesis is not known. Here we show that dosage of Brg1 is critical for mouse and zebrafish cardiogenesis. Disrupting the balance between Brg1 and disease-causing cardiac transcription factors, including Tbx5, Tbx20, and Nkx2-5, causes severe cardiac anomalies, revealing an essential allelic balance between Brg1 and these cardiac transcription factor genes. This suggests that relative levels of transcription factors and BAF complexes are important for heart development, which is supported by reduced occupancy of Brg1 at cardiac genes in Tbx5 haploinsufficient hearts. Our results reveal complex dosage-sensitive interdependence between transcription factors and BAF complexes, providing a potential mechanism underlying transcription factor haploinsufficiency, with implications for multigenic inheritance of CHDs. We performed transcriptional profiling of E11.5 hearts from mice heterozygous for deletions of Brg1, Tbx5, or Nkx2-5, and mice that were compound heterozygotes for Brg1 and each transcription factor gene (Tbx5 and Nkx2-5).
Project description:Meis, Prep and Pbx1 TALE homeoproteins interactions with Hox proteins are essential for development and disease. Although Meis and Prep behave similarly in vitro, their in vivo activities remain largely unexplored. We show that Prep and Meis interact with largely independent sets of genomic sites and select different DNA binding sequences, with Prep associating mostly with promoters and house-keeping genes and Meis with promoter-remote regions and developmental genes. Hox target sequences associate strongly with Meis but not with Prep binding sites, while Pbx1 cooperates with both Prep and Meis. Accordingly, Meis1 shows strong genetic interaction with Pbx1 but not with Prep1. Meis1 and Prep1 nonetheless co-regulate a subset of genes, predominantly through opposing effects. Notably, the TALE homeoprotein binding profile subdivides Hox clusters into two domains differentially regulated by Meis1 and Prep1. After duplication of the ancestral gene, Meis and Prep thus specialized their interactions but maintained significant regulatory coordination. RNA-seq of 2 Meis1 and Prep1 loss of function mutants in E11.5 C57BL/6 embryonic mice
Project description:This study was conducted to examine normal gene expression in the heart during mouse embryonic development. Wild type embryo hearts (n=5) were collected at stage E12.5 and total RNA was isolated for analysis by Affymetrix mouse genome 430A GeneChip.
Project description:Nkx2-3 is associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Nkx2-3 is expressed in microvascular endothelial cells and the muscuularis mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract. Human intestinal microvascular cells (HIMEC) are actively involved in the pathogenesis of IBD and IBD-associated microvascular dysfunction. To understand the cellular function of Nkx2-3 and its potential role underlying IBD pathogenesis, we investigated the genes regulated by Nkx2-3 in HIMEC usin cDNA microarray. 2 HIMEC lines (21B and 432) are used in thi study. For each HIMEC lines, either si-Nkx2-3 or contro vector was transfected 2 times to get biological replicates.
Project description:The overall goal of our studies is to elucidate the cellular and molecular mechanism by which the transcription factor Casz1 functions in murine heart development. We established that Casz1 is expressed in myocardial progenitor cells beginning at E7.5 and in differentiated cardiomyocytes throughout development. We generated conditional Casz1 knockout mice to show that ablation of CASZ1 in Nkx2.5-positive cardiomyocytes leads to cardiac hypoplasia, ventricular septal defects and lethality by E13.5. To identify the pathways and networks by which Casz1 regulates cardiomyocyte development, we used RNA-Seq and identified genes involved in cell proliferation are upregulated in Casz1 mutants compared to wild-type littermates. We conclude that Casz1 is essential for cardiac development and has a pivotal role in regulating part of the cardiac transcriptional program. 3 biological replicates of the two genotypes (Nkx2-5+/+,Casz1f/+ and Nkx2-5Cre/+,Casz1f/f) were used for RNA-seq to determine genes that are differentially expressed in the murine heart when Casz1 is mutated. Nkx2-5+/+,Casz1f/+ were used as wild-type controls for comparison.
Project description:Despite the high prevalence and poor outcome of patients with metastatic lung cancer, the mechanisms of tumour progression and metastasis remain largely uncharacterized. We modelled human lung adenocarcinoma, which frequently harbours activating point mutations in KRAS1 and inactivation of the p53-pathway2, using conditional alleles in mice3-5. Lentiviral-mediated somatic activation of oncogenic Kras and deletion of p53 in the lung epithelial cells of KrasLSL-G12D/+;p53flox/flox mice initiates lung adenocarcinoma development4. Although tumours are initiated synchronously by defined genetic alterations, only a subset become malignant, suggesting that disease progression requires additional alterations. Identification of the lentiviral integration sites allowed us to distinguish metastatic from non-metastatic tumours and determine the gene expression alterations that distinguish these tumour types. Cross-species analysis identified the NK-2 related homeobox transcription factor Nkx2-1 (Ttf-1/Titf1) as a candidate suppressor of malignant progression. In this mouse model, Nkx2-1-negativity is pathognomonic of high-grade poorly differentiated tumours. Gain- and loss-of-function experiments in cells derived from metastatic and non-metastatic tumours demonstrated that Nkx2-1 controls tumour differentiation and limits metastatic potential in vivo. Interrogation of Nkx2-1 regulated genes, analysis of tumours at defined developmental stages, and functional complementation experiments indicate that Nkx2-1 constrains tumours in part by repressing the embryonically-restricted chromatin regulator Hmga2. While focal amplification of NKX2-1 in a fraction of human lung adenocarcinomas has focused attention on its oncogenic function6-9, our data specifically link Nkx2-1 downregulation to loss of differentiation, enhanced tumour seeding ability, and increased metastatic proclivity. Thus, the oncogenic and suppressive functions of Nkx2-1 in the same tumour type substantiate its role as a dual function lineage factor. 23 cell lines derived from primary tumor or metastasis. 6 samples analyzed to determine the effect of Nkx2-1 knockdown on gene expression
Project description:KMT2D is required in the cardiac mesoderm, anterior heart field precursors and cardiomyocytes. Kmt2d deletion in cardiac mesoderm (Mesp1Cre) is embryonic lethal at E10.5 and mutants have hypoplastic hearts; Kmt2d deletion in anterior heart field precursors (Mef2cAHF::Cre) deletion is embryonic lethal at E13.5 and mutants have defects in septation of outflow tract and interventricular septum (IVS); Kmt2d deletion in cardiomyocytes (Tnnt2::Cre) deletion is embryonic lethal at E14.5 and mutants have defects in IVS septation and compact myocardium. The goal of this study is to compare changes in gene expression in these Kmt2d conditional deletion mutants and understand common or distinct pathways dysregulated in absence of KMT2D. Whole genome gene expression analysis was performed on RNA isolated from control and mutant embryonic hearts (or right ventricles and outflow tract for anterior heart field deletion samples). Libraries were prepared using Illumina TruSeq Paired-End Cluster Kit v3, and sequenced with the Illumina HiSeq 2500 system for pair-ended 100 base pairs (PE 100 bp).