Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

2

Expression data for 2-month-old wild type and Tfam-SCKO (MPZ-Tfam KO) sciatic nerves


ABSTRACT: Gene expression analysis of 2-month-old Ctrl and Tfam-SCKO mice. At this age mitochondrial function is disrupted in the Schwann cells of Tfam-SCKO mice ,but their nerves display only very limited pathology. Mitochondrial dysfunction is a common cause of peripheral neuropathy. Much effort has been devoted to examining the role played by neuronal/axonal mitochondria, but how mitochondrial deficits in peripheral nerve glia (Schwann cells, SCs) contribute to peripheral nerve diseases remains unclear. Here, we investigate a mouse model of peripheral neuropathy secondary to SC mitochondrial dysfunction (Tfam-SCKOs). We show that disruption of SC mitochondria activates a maladaptive integrated stress response through actions of heme-regulated inhibitor kinase (HRI), and causes a shift in lipid metabolism away from fatty acid synthesis toward oxidation. These alterations in SC lipid metabolism result in depletion of important myelin lipid components as well as in accumulation of acylcarnitines, an intermediate of fatty acid b-oxidation. Importantly, we show that acylcarnitines are released from SCs and induce axonal degeneration. A maladaptive integrated stress response as well as altered SC lipid metabolism are thus underlying pathological mechanisms in mitochondria-related peripheral neuropathies. Total RNA samples were prepared by isolating and pooling RNA from three different 2-month-old MPZ-Tfam KO and Ctrl mice. 2 replicates per genotype were used in this experiment and they were prepared entirely independently.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Andreu Viader   Nobish Varghese  Jeffery Milbrandt 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-44605 | ArrayExpress | 2013-03-13

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE44605PRJNA192904

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

Dataset's files

Source:
Action DRS
E-GEOD-44605.additional.1.zip Other
E-GEOD-44605.idf.txt Idf
E-GEOD-44605.processed.1.zip Processed
E-GEOD-44605.sdrf.txt Txt
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