Expression data from wild-type and microRNA-155 (miR-155) deficient CD8 T cells
ABSTRACT: MicroRNA-155 (miR-155) is upregulated in primary effector CD8 T cells but is expressed at low amounts in naïve cells. Anti-viral CD8 T cell responses and viral clearance were impaired in miR-155 deficient (bic-/-) mice, and this defect was intrinsic to CD8 T cells, as adoptively transferred bic-/- CD8 T cells generated greatly reduced primary and memory responses during infection. To understand the mechanism by which miR-155 regulates CD8 T cell activation, we analyzed the gene expression profiles of naive and in vitro activated wild-type and bic-/- CD8 T cells. CD8 T cells were purified from uninfected C57BL/6 mice and stimulated in vitro with plate-bound anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 antibodies for 48 h or left unstimulated. RNA from these CD8 T cells was processed, amplified, labeled, and hybridized to Affymetrix GeneChip MoGene 1.0 st microarrays.
Project description:Determing the influence of lipid metabolism on murine T cell blastogenesis. Gene expression studies from purified spleen and lymph node T cells with conditional deletion of the SREBP Cleavage Activating Protein (SCAP) ex vivo or activated with plate-bound anti-CD3 and CD28 antibodies for 6 h. CD8 T cells were purified from T cell specific Scap deficient mouse spleens (KO, n=3) and control littermate (WT, n=3). The cells from each mouse were used for RNA extraction at either quiescent (T0) or 6 h activation (T6).
Project description:Memory CD8+ T cells have the ability to provide lifelong immunity against pathogens. Although memory features generally arise after challenge with a foreign antigen, naïve CD8 single positive (SP) thymocytes may acquire phenotypic and functional characteristics of memory cells in response to cytokines such as interleukin-4. This process is associated with the induction of the T-box transcription factor Eomesodermin (EOMES). However, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain ill-defined. Using epigenomic profiling, we show that these innate memory CD8SP cells acquire only a portion of the active enhancer repertoire of conventional memory cells. This reprograming is secondary to EOMES recruitment, mostly to RUNX3-bound enhancers. Furthermore, EOMES is found within chromatin-associated complexes containing BRG1 and promotes the recruitment of this chromatin remodelling factor. Also, the in vivo acquisition of EOMES-dependent program is BRG1-dependent. In conclusion, our results support a strong epigenetic basis for the EOMES-driven establishment of CD8+ T cell innate memory program.
Project description:The activation of TLR-MyD88 (Toll like receptor- Myeloid differentiation factor 88) signaling within T cells functions as a potent costimulatory signal that boosts antitumor and antiviral responses. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the costimulatory processes are poorly understood. We compared microarray gene analysis data between TLR1-TLR2 stimulated and unstimulated T cell receptor transgenic ‘pmel’ and MyD88-/-pmel CD8+ T cells and identified changes in the expression levels of several TNF family members. In particular, TLR-stimulation increased 4-1BB levels in pmel but not in MyD88-/-pmel T cells. A link between 4-1BB and TLR1-TLR2 signaling in CD8+ T cells was highlighted by in fact that 4-1BB-/- T cells exhibited suboptimal responses to TLR1-TLR2 agonist, but responded normally to CD28 or OX40 costimulation. Moreover, blocking 4-1BB signaling with antibodies also hindered the costimulatory effects of the TLR1-TLR2 agonist. The elevated levels of 4-1BB transcripts in TLR1-TLR2–stimulated cells were not due to increased mRNA stability nor increased histone activation but instead were associated with increased binding of p65 and c-Jun to two distinct 4-1BB promoter sites. Combining TLR1-TLR2 ligand with an agonistic anti-4-1BB antibody enhanced the antitumor activity in mice with established melanoma tumors. These studies reveal that the costimulatory effects of TLR1-TLR2 signaling in CD8+ T cells are in part mediated by 4-1BB and are important for mounting an effective antitumor immune response. CD8+ T cells from the B6.Cg-Thy1/Cy Tg(TcraTcrb)8Rest/J mice, referred to as ‘pmel’ T cells or from MyD88 knockout pmel mice (MyD88–/–pmel) were sorted. pmel and MyD88–/–pmel T cells were activated using MyD88–/– CD8 T cell-depleted splenocytes pulsed with 10ng/ml of mgp100. This was with or without 10µg/ml of Pam3CSK4. pmel or MyD88–/–pmel CD8 T cells were enriched and used for the extraction of RNA used for genomic analysis.
Project description:Cytokine-activated STAT proteins dimerize and bind to high-affinity motifs, and N-terminal domain-mediated oligomerization of dimers allows tetramer formation and binding to low-affinity tandem motifs, but the functions of dimers versus tetramers are unknown. We generated Stat5a and Stat5b double knock-in (DKI) N-domain mutant mice that form dimers but not tetramers, identified cytokine-regulated genes whose expression required STAT5 tetramers, and defined consensus motifs for dimers versus tetramers. Whereas Stat5- deficient mice exhibited perinatal lethality, DKI mice were viable, indicating that STAT5 dimers were sufficient for survival. Nevertheless, STAT5 DKI mice had fewer CD4+CD25+ T cells, NK cells, and CD8+ T cells, with impaired cytokine-induced proliferation and homeostatic proliferation of CD8+ T cells. DKI CD8+ T cell proliferation following viral infection was diminished and DKI Treg cells did not efficiently control colitis. Thus, tetramerization of STAT5 is dispensable for survival but is critical for cytokine responses and normal immune function. Genome-wide mapping of STAT5A,STAT5B binding in mouse WT and DKI T cells (cultured with or without IL-2 for 1 hr) was conducted. RNA-Seq is conducted in mouse CD8+ T cells (WT and DKI, non-treated or treated with IL-2/IL-15 for 4 hr, 24 hr, 48 hr and 72 hr)
Project description:Differentiation of CD8+ T lymphocytes into effector and memory cells is key for an adequate immune response and relies on complex interplay of pathways that convey signals from cell surface to nucleus. In this study, we fractionated four CD8+ T cell subtypes; naïve, recently activated effector, effector and memory cells into membrane, cytosol, soluble nucleus, chromatin-bound and cytoskeleton compartments. Using LC-MS/MS analysis, identified peptides were matched to human peptides/proteins (SwissProt). Compartment fractionation and gel-LC-MS separation identified 2399 proteins in total. Among these 735 were detected in all five, 241 in four, 257 in three, 368 in two and 798 found in only one fraction. Comparison between the two most different subsets, naïve and effector, yielded 146 significantly regulated proteins.
Project description:ChIP-seq was conducted using freshly isolated (resting) splenic WT CD8+ T cells with anti-Runx3 antibody (Ab), anti-H3K4me1 Ab and non-immune serum (NIS) as control. Two biological Runx3 and two NIS IP repeats from splenic CD8+ T cells isolated by positive selection on anti-CD8 magnetic beads, collected from 18 WT mice.
Project description:The transcription factor BATF is required for Th17 and TFH differentiation. Here, we show that BATF also has a fundamental role in regulating effector CD8+ T cell differentiation. BATF-deficient CD8+ T cells show profound defects in effector expansion and undergo proliferative and metabolic catastrophe early after antigen encounter. BATF, together with IRF4 and Jun proteins, binds to and promotes early expression of genes encoding lineage-specific transcription-factors (T-bet and Blimp-1) and cytokine receptors, while paradoxically repressing genes encoding effector molecules (IFNg and granzyme B). Thus, BATF amplifies TCR-dependent transcription factor expression and augments inflammatory signal propagation but restrains effector gene expression. This checkpoint prevents irreversible commitment to an effector fate until a critical threshold of downstream transcriptional activity has been achieved. P14 TCR transgenic CD8+ T cells from wild-type or BATF-/- mice were examined either as naïve cells or after 3 days of in vitro stimulation with antibodies to CD3 and CD28 in the presence of IL-2
Project description:The transcription factor BATF is required for Th17 and TFH differentiation. Here, we show that BATF also has a fundamental role in regulating effector CD8+ T cell differentiation. BATF-deficient CD8+ T cells show profound defects in effector expansion and undergo proliferative and metabolic catastrophe early after antigen encounter. BATF, together with IRF4 and Jun proteins, binds to and promotes early expression of genes encoding lineage-specific transcription-factors (T-bet and Blimp-1) and cytokine receptors, while paradoxically repressing genes encoding effector molecules (IFNg and granzyme B). Thus, BATF amplifies TCR-dependent transcription factor expression and augments inflammatory signal propagation but restrains effector gene expression. This checkpoint prevents irreversible commitment to an effector fate until a critical threshold of downstream transcriptional activity has been achieved. This is an examination of 5 different transcription factors (TFs) with 5 different histone modifications in effector CD8+ T cells. Two of the TFs (BATF and IRF4) and the histone modifications were replicated. Appropriate control sequence files for ChIP input, IgG ChIP, and Total H3 are also included.