Gene expression analysis of bovine oocytes at optimal coasting time combined with GnRH antagonist during the no-FSH period
ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to analyze the effect of a GnRH antagonist used during the FSH withdrawal period (coasting) on transcriptome changes in in vivo bovine oocytes at the GV stage. Oocytes were collected from super-stimulated animals after a coasting duration of 68hrs (optimal condition, control) and also from the same animal who received the GnRH antagonist (treated) during the whole coasting period. 68hrs of coasting (control) was compared with the 68hrs + GnRH antagonist (treatment), for each cow individually. Overall, 6 hybridizations were done, corresponding to the three biological replicates and one comparison using a dye-swap set-up.
Project description:The objective of the study was to analyze the impact of various lenght FSH withdrawal period (coasting) after the last FSH injection on transcriptome changes in in vivo bovine oocytes at the GV stage. Oocytes were collected from super-stimulated animals after 20, 44, 68 and 92 hours of coasting. For each cow individually (biological replicate), each coasting time was compared to others (i.e. 20 hrs vs 44 hrs; 20 hrs vs 68 hrs; 20 hrs vs 92 hrs; 44 hrs vs 68 hrs; 44 hrs vs 92 hrs and 68 hrs vs 92 hrs) for a total of six comparisons. Overall, 36 hybridizations, corresponding to the three cows and six comparisons were done using a dye-swap set-up.
Project description:Affymetrix gene expression profiling in cumulus cells (CC) retrieved from patients undergoing GnRH agonists and GnRH antagonists IVF treatment. Oocytes from three different maturity stages were considered: metaphase I oocytes (MI), nonfertilized metaphase II (MII) oocytes (MII-NF) and MII oocytes developed to blactocyst stage embryo (MII-BL). From 4 GnRH agonist treated patients, CC MI, CC MII-NF and CC MII-BL samples were collected; from 5 GnRH agonist and 6 GnRH antagonist treated patients, CC MII-NF and CC MII-BL samples were collected; and from 2 GnRH agonist and 4 GnRH antagonist treated patients, CC MI and CC MII-BL were collected. Altogether, 10 CC MI, 15 CC MII-NF and 21 CC MII-BL were collected and considered for transcriptome analysis.
Project description:Comparison of gene expression from expanded bovine blastocysts collected 7 days after fertilization and produced in vivo vs in vitro-SOF-OPU Two kinds of 7 days post fertilization bovine embryos, in-vivo 7 days blastocysts vs. In vitro 7 days blastocysts, Biological replicates: 4 in-vitro, 4 in-vivo, protocol,extract and semen shared. Dye swap.
Project description:Comparison of gene expression from expanded bovine blastocysts collected 7 days after fertilization and produced in vitro in two different laboratories using the same protocol. Two different laboratories with same condition, site A blastocysts vs. Site B blastocysts, Biological replicates: 3 site A, 3 site B, protocol,extract and semen shared. Dye swap.
Project description:Premature progesterone (P) rise during GnRH antagonist cycles for IVF is a frequent phenomenon and has been associated with lower pregnancy and implantation rates. Different thresholds of progesterone have been used so far to define its premature rise during the follicular phase of an IVF stimulated cycle. In this study, we evaluated endometrial gene expression on the day of oocyte retrieval according to the level of serum progesterone on the day of hCG administration in GnRH antagonist cycles.Endometrial biopsies from eleven patients were taken with a Pipelle de Cornier (Prodimed, Neuilly-en-Thelle, France) on the day of oocyte retrieval in a GnRH antagonist/rec-FSH stimulated IVF cycle with fresh embryo transfer. Biopsies were analysed for gene expression with Affymetrix Human Genome (HG) U133 Plus 2.0 Arrays and GCOS software (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA, USA). Patients were divided into three different groups according to their progesterone serum concentration on the day of hCG administration (A) P <= 0.9 ng/mL, (B) 1 < P < 1.5 ng/mL, and (C) P > 1.5 ng/mL. Serum P was measured with the automated Elecsys immunoanalyser (Roche Diagnostics, Mannheim, Germany). Selected differentially expressed genes were validated with quantitative real-time PCR (QPCR) with TaqMan Gene Expression Assays (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA, USA). Keywords: gene expression analysis, premature progesterone rise Endometrial biopsies from fourteen patients were taken on the day of oocyte retrieval in a GnRH/rec-FSH stimulated IVF cycle with fresh embryo transfer and analyzed with microarrays. Patients were divided into three groups according to their progesterone serum concentration on day of hCG: A <=0.9ng/ml; B 1-1.5 ng/ml; C > 1.5ng/ml
Project description:The objective of the study was to compare the transcriptome of the bovine oocyte according to the chromatin configuration of the germinal vesicule Bovine oocyte (4 biological replicates) were collected and grouped according to the different chromatin configuration of the germinal vesicule described by Lodde et al. 2007. Four GV stages corresponding to the state of chromatin condensation were used (GV0; GV1; GV2 and GV3). Multiples microarray comparison were performed. First a reference design (GV0 as a reference) were used for a total of three comparisons (GV0 vs GV1; GV0 vs GV2 and GV0 vs GV3), then another comparison was performed between the last two groups (GV2 vs GV3). Each comparison was performed using a dye-swap set-up.
Project description:Gene expression analysis in cc from COCs with different chromatin configuration (GV0-3) Bovine cumulus cells (4 biological replicates) were collected and grouped according to the oocyte different chromatin configuration of the germinal vesicle described by Lodde et al. 2007. Four GV stages corresponding to the state of chromatin condensation were used (GV0; GV1; GV2 and GV3). Multiple microarray comparisons were performed. First a reference design (GV0 as a reference) was used for a total of three comparisons (GV0 vs GV1; GV0 vs GV2 and GV0 vs GV3) .
Project description:CONTEXT Nowadays, the molecular mechanisms involved in endometrial receptivity and implantation are still not clear. OBJECTIVE The gene expression of human endometrium of patients undergoing an IVF treatment with GnRH antagonists/rec-FSH was studied. CONCLUSIONS COX-2 has been extensively studied as a crucial fertility element in both knock-out mice and human. It appears that increased expression of COX-2 and/or SCGB1D2 on the day of oocyte retrieval in GnRH antagonist/rec-FSH stimulated cycles coincides with a lower probability of achieving a clinical pregnancy in this cycle. Keywords: gene expression analysis, clinical pregnancy in IVF stimulated cycles Endometrial biopsies taken from patients on day of oocyte retrieval in stimulated IVF cycles with 1 or 2 embryos replaced in the same cycle. Gene expression of pregnant patients (n=4) was compared with matched non-pregnant patients (n=4)
Project description:The present study was undertaken to discover molecular markers in bovine cumulus cells predictive of oocyte competence and elucidate their functional significance. Differences in RNA transcript abundance in cumulus cells harvested from oocytes of adult versus prepubertal animals (model of poor oocyte quality) were identified by microarray analysis. Four genes of interest encoding for the lysosomal cysteine proteinases cathepsin B, S, K and Z and displaying greater transcript abundance in cumulus cells surrounding oocytes harvested from prepubertal animals were chosen for further investigation. Greater mRNA abundance for such genes in cumulus cells of prepubertal oocytes was confirmed by real time RT-PCR. Elevated transcript abundance for cathepsins B, S and Z was also observed in cumulus cells surrounding adult metaphase II oocytes that developed to the blastocyst stage at a low percentage following parthenogenetic activation, versus those that developed at a high percentage. Functional significance of cumulus cell cathepsin expression to oocyte competence was confirmed by treatment of cumulus oocyte complexes during in vitro oocyte maturation with a cell permeable cysteine proteinase (cathepsin) inhibitor. Inhibitor treatment decreased apoptotic nuclei in the cumulus layer and enhanced development of parthenogenetically activated and in vitro fertilized adult oocytes to the blastocyst stage. Stimulatory effects of inhibitor treatment during meiotic maturation on subsequent embryonic development were not observed when oocytes were matured in the absence of cumulus cells. Results support a functional role for cumulus cell cathepsins in compromised oocyte competence and suggest that cumulus cell cathepsin mRNA abundance may be predictive of oocyte quality. Keywords: Bovine, microarray, cDNA, cumulus cells Differences in RNA transcript abundance in cumulus cells harvested from oocytes of adult versus prepubertal animals (model of poor oocyte quality) were identified by microarray analysis. Total RNA from pools of cumulus cells (n = 4) collected from adult and prepubertal animals for microarray experiments was amplified. Two color microarray experiments were conducted using a bovine cDNA array containing expressed sequence tags (ESTs) representing approximately 15200 unique genes. Hybridizations were performed on duplicate slides (prepubertal versus adult) and incorporated a dye swap. The total number of slides used is eight.
Project description:Background: The development competence of human oocytes declines with increasing age. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of age on gene expression profile in mature human oocytes.<br>Methods: mRNA was isolated for whole genome gene expression microarray analysis from metaphase II (MII) oocytes donated by IVF or ICSI patients (10 women aged <36 years (younger) and 5 women aged 36-39 years (both inclusive) (older)) undergoing controlled ovarian simulation