Dataset Information


The transcriptional response of Cryptococcus neoformans to ingestion by Acanthamoeba castellanii and murine macrophages

ABSTRACT: Virulence of Cryptococcus neoformans for mammals was proposed to emerge from evolutionary pressures on its natural environment by protozoan predators, which selected for strategies that allow survival within macrophages. In fact, Acanthamoeba castellanii ingests yeast cells, which then replicate intracellularly. In addition, most fungal factors needed to establish infection in the mammalian host are also important for survival within the amoeba. To better understand the origin of C. neoformans virulence, we compared the transcriptional profile of yeast cells internalized by amoebae and murine macrophages after 6 h of infection. Our results showed 656 and 293 genes whose expression changed at least two-fold in response to the intracellular environments of amoebae and macrophages, respectively. Among the genes common to both groups, we focused on the ORF CNAG_05662, which was potentially related to sugar transport. We constructed a mutant strain and evaluated its ability to grow on various carbon sources. The results showed that this gene, named PTP1 (Polyol Transporter Protein 1), is involved in the transport of 5- and 6-carbon polyols but its absence had no effect on virulence. Overall, our results are consistent with the hypothesis that mammalian virulence originated from fungal-protozoal interactions and provide a better understanding of how C. neoformans adapts to the mammalian host. Four conditions, pairwise-compared: cells in vegetative growth at 28C versus cells within amoebae at 28C; and cells in vegetative growth at 37C/5% CO2 versus cells within macrophages at 37C/5% CO2. Three biological replicates for each condition. One replicate per array.

ORGANISM(S): Cryptococcus neoformans  

SUBMITTER: Aldo H Tavares   Patrícia Albuquerque  Arturo Casadevall  Hugo C Paes  Lorena S Derengowski  Ildinete Silva-Pereira  Michael Heinz  Larissa Fernandes 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-45027 | ArrayExpress | 2013-03-14



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