Transcriptomic analysis of SH-SY5Y cells in response to enterovirus type 71 infection
ABSTRACT: Today, the pathogenesis of human enterovirus type 71 (HEV71) infection in human central neural system remains unclear. HEV71 is the major pathogen of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), and has been associated with severe neurological disease and even death in infants and young children. We employed the human whole genome microarray analyze the transcriptome profiling inhuman neuroblastoma cells SH-SY5Y infected with HEV71. The results showed that HEV71 infection lead to altered expression of 161 human mRNAs including 74 up-regulated genes and 87 down-regulated genes. Then we found that the possible roles of the differentially regulated mRNAs in selected pathways including cell cycle/proliferation, apoptosis, and cytokine/chemokine responses by Bioinformatic analysis. Furthermore, we validated the microarray results by real-time RT-PCR with high identity. Overall, our results provided fundamental information about host response to HEV71 infection in human neuroblastoma cells, and this finding will help to understand the pathogenesis of HEV71 infection and virus-host interaction. Total RNA of cells infected with HEV71 was extracted using the TRIZOL Reagent according to the manufacturer's instructions. Gene-expression profiling was performed for each pooling RNA sample separately on the GeneChip_ Porcine Genome Array (Affymetrix) at CapitalBio Corporation (Beijing, China) in which GeneChip microarray service was certificated by Affymetrix.
Project description:Today, the pathogenesis of human enterovirus type 71 (HEV71) infection in human central neural system remains unclear. HEV71 is the major pathogen of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), and has been associated with severe neurological disease and even death in infants and young children. We employed the human whole genome microarray analyze the mRNA profiling in human neuroblastoma cells SH-SY5Y infected with HEV71 after transfection. Firstly, SH-SY5Y cells were transfected wtih miR-1246 inhibitor and negtive control respectively using HiPerFect Transfection Reagent according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Then the cells were infected with HEV71 after transfection. After 12 hours infection, the cells were harvested to microarray analysis. The results showed the altered expression of mRNAs including up-regulated genes and down-regulated genes. Overall, this finding will help to understand the functional genes in HEV71-infected human neuroblastoma cells and miR-1246-virus-host interaction. SH-SY5Y cells were transfected wtih miR-1246 inhibitor and negtive control respectively using HiPerFect Transfection Reagent according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Then the cells were infected with HEV71 after transfection. After infection, the cells were harvested to microarray analysis. Total RNA of cells infected with HEV71 was extracted using the TRIZOL Reagent according to the manufacturer's instructions. Gene-expression profiling was performed for each pooling RNA sample separately on the GeneChip_ Porcine Genome Array at CapitalBio Corporation (Beijing, China).
Project description:MicroRNA (miRNA) has been highlighted in pathogen-host interactions, however, little is known about roles of miRNAs in neurological pathogenesis of human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) infections. In this study, the comprehensive miRNA expression profiling in HEV71-infected human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were performed to identify cellular miRNAs response to HEV71. A total of 69 miRNAs were differentially expressed in HEV71-infected SH-SY5Y cells compared to non-infected cells. These findings provide new information on the miRNA and mRNA profiles in HEV71 infection, which may serve as a basis for further investigation into the biological functions of miRNAs in the neurological pathogenesis of HEV71 infections. Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were infected with HEV71. After infection, the cells were harvested and extracted total RNA for miRNA profiling by hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. A total of 69 miRNAs were differentially expressed inHEV71-infected SH-SY5Y cells compared to non-infected cells.
Project description:As part of functional characterization of neuroblastoma assocated lncRNA, we performed its knock-down in neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y, which resulted in modulation of expression levels of a set of genes involved in angiogenesis and inflammation, the hallmarks of metastatic cancer. SH-SY5Y cells were transfected with non-targeting siRNA control and two siRNAs targeting lncRNA BEHOT. Two days after transfection total RNA was isolated and hybridized to microarray, each sample was done in four replicas.
Project description:This experiment captures expression over 60,000 well-annotated RefSeq human transcripts over RNA samples from SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells transfected with human and non-human primate microRNA mimic variants of miR-299-3p, miR-503-3p, miR-508-3p and miR-541-3p, as well as a RNA duplex negative control (C2 mimic, Dharmacon).
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE24497: ER stress impairs the insulin signaling pathway through mitochondrial damage in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells (part 1) GSE24499: ER stress impairs the insulin signaling pathway through mitochondrial damage in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells (part 2) Refer to individual Series
Project description:The chromatin remodeler CHD5 is expressed in neural tissue and is frequently deleted in aggressive neuroblastoma. Very little is known about the function of CHD5 in the nervous system or its mechanism of action. Here we report that depletion of Chd5 in the developing murine neocortex blocks neuronal differentiation and leads to an accumulation of undifferentiated progenitors. CHD5 binds a large cohort of genes and is required for facilitating the activation of neuronal genes. It also binds a cohort of Polycomb targets and is required for the maintenance of H3K27me3 on these genes. Interestingly, the chromodomains of CHD5 directly bind H3K27me3 and are required for neuronal differentiation. In the absence of CHD5, a subgroup of Polycomb-repressed genes becomes aberrantly expressed. These findings provide new insights into the regulatory role of CHD5 during neurogenesis and suggest how inactivation of this candidate tumor suppressor might contribute to neuroblastoma. Examination of genome-wide binding/occupancy of CHD5 in the SH-SY5Y cell line
Project description:Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells treated with paraquat, a neurotoxic herbicide which both catalyzes the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induces mitochondrial damage in animal models was profiled using Affimetrix Exon 1.0 ST GeneChips® Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells was compared with respect to Human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells treated with Paraquat. Parqaut treatment was done as described by Maracchioni, A., Totaro, A., Angelini, D.F., Di Penta, A., Bernardi, G., Carri, M.T., and Achsel, T. (2007) J Neurochem 100, 142-153
Project description:DJ-1 is an atypical peroxiredoxin-like peroxidase that may act as a redox-dependent chaperone and a regulator of transcription. To explore DJ-1-mediated transcriptional control in Parkinson’s disease (PD), we generated human neuroblastoma cells with inducible knock-down of DJ-1 expression. We then used functional genomic techniques to identify novel pathways dysregulated by loss of DJ-1 function. Using microarray gene expression profiling, we found that DJ-1 silencing alters the expression of 26 genes, with 10 down-regulated and 16 up-regulated transcripts. Among the down-regulated genes we found Ret, tyrosine kinase receptor for the neurotrophic factor GDNF. Taking advantage of Ingenuity Pathways Analysis, we identified hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha (Hif1a) as a possible mediator of the interplay between DJ-1 and Ret. We show that Hif1a is stabilized in the absence of DJ-1, and that loss of DJ-1 generates hypoxia and accumulation of free radical species (ROS). Overexpression of wt DJ-1, but not of C106A and L166P mutants deficient in ROS scavenger activity, rescues Ret expression in neuroblastoma cells. These findings reveal novel players in PD pathogenesis and provide evidence for additional pathways involved in DJ-1-mediated neurodegeneration. Comparison between DJ-1-silenced human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells and control cells. Two clones were selected for each condition, and each clone was analyzed in duplicate, for a total of 8 samples.
Project description:In neuroblastoma, amplification of the oncogenic basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor (TF) MYCN is the defining prognosticator of high-risk disease, occurs in one-third of neuroblastoma, and drastically reduces overall survival rates. As a proto-oncogene, targeted MYCN overexpression in peripheral neural crest is sufficient to initiate disease in mouse models. In MYCN amplified neuroblastoma, elevated expression of the factor is crucial to maintain tumor stemness and is associated with increased proliferation and aberrant cell cycle progression, as these tumors lack the ability to arrest in G1 in response to irradiation. MYCN down-regulation broadly reverses these oncogenic phenotypes in a variety of neuroblastoma models and recent thereapeutic strategies to indirectly target MYCN production or protein stability have reduced tumor growth in vivo. These observations motivate an investigation of MYCN binding in MYCN amplified tumors as it remains fundamentally unclear how elevated levels of the factor occupy the genome and alter transcriptional programs in neuroblastoma. Here we present the first dynamic chromatin and transcriptional landscape of direct MYCN perturbation in neuroblastoma. We find that at oncogenic levels, MYCN associates with E-box (CANNTG) binding motifs in an affinity dependent manner across most active cis-regulatory promoters and enhancers. MYCN shutdown globally reduces histone acetylation and transcription, consistent with prior descriptions of MYC proteins as non-linear amplifiers of gene expression. We establish that MYCN load at the promoter and proximal enhancers predicts transcriptional responsiveness to MYCN shutdown and that MYCN enhancer binding occurs prominently at the most strongly occupied and down-regulated genes, suggesting a role for these tissue specific elements in predicating MYCN responsive “target” genes. At these invaded enhancers, we identify the lineage specific bHLH TWIST1 as a key collaborator and dependency of oncogenic MYCN. These data suggest that MYCN enhancer invasion helps shape transcriptional amplification of the neuroblastoma gene expression program to promote tumorigenesis. ChIP-Seq in SHEP21, BE2C, KELLY, and NGP neuroblastoma cell lines for H3K27ac, H3K4me3, RNA PolII, MYCN, BRD4, or TWIST1
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series:; GSE16656: Transcriptome analysis identifies molecular effectors of unconjugated bilirubin in human neuroblatoma SH-SY5Y cells: 24h; GSE16766: Transcriptome analysis identifies molecular effectors of unconjugated bilirubin in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells: 1h; GSE16767: Transcriptome analysis identifies molecular effectors of unconjugated bilirubin in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells: 4h Experiment Overall Design: Refer to individual Series