Genome-wide transcriptional responses of two metal-tolerant symbiotic Mesorhizobium isolates to zinc and cadmium exposure
ABSTRACT: Mesorhizobium metallidurans STM 2683 and Mesorhizobium sp. strain STM 4661 were isolated from nodules of the metallicolous legume Anthyllis vulneraria from distant mining spoils. They tolerate unusually high zinc and cadmium concentrations as compared to other mesorhizobia. This work aims to study the gene expression profiles associated with zinc or cadmium exposure and to identify genes involved in metal tolerance in these two metallicolous Mesorhizobium strains of interest for mine phytostabilization purposes. Mesorhizobium metallidurans STM 2683 and Mesorhizobium sp. strain STM 4661 with three treatments (control, Zn and Cd).
Project description:Analysis of gene expression changes of Mesorhizobium alhagi CCNWXJ12-2 under high salt stress. Mesorhizobium alhagi CCNWXJ12-2 is isolated from Alhagi sparsifolia in northwest of China. Total RNA extracted from Mesorhizobium alhagi CCNWXJ12-2 growing in TY medium containing 0.4 M NaCl and 0 M NaCl.
Project description:Different Cupriavidus metallidurans strains isolated from metal-contaminated and other anthropogenic environments were genotypically and phenotypically compared with C. metallidurans type strain CH34. The latter is well-studied for its resistance to a wide range of metals, which is carried for a substantial part by its two megaplasmids pMOL28 and pMOL30. Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) indicated that the extensive arsenal of determinants involved in metal resistance was well conserved among the different C. metallidurans strains. Contrary, the mobile genetic elements identified in type strain CH34 were not present in all strains but clearly showed a pattern, although, not directly related to a particular biotope nor location (geographical). One group of strains carried almost all mobile genetic elements, while these were much less abundant in the second group. This occurrence was also reflected in their ability to degrade toluene and grow autotrophically on hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide, which are two traits linked to separate genomic islands of the Tn4371-family. In addition, the clear pattern of genomic islands distribution allowed to identify new putative genomic islands on chromosome 1 and 2 of C. metallidurans CH34. Metal resistance determinants are shared by all C. metallidurans strains and their occurrence is apparently irrespective of the strain's isolation type and place. Cupriavidus metallidurans strains do display substantial differences in the diversity and size of their mobile gene pool, which may be extensive in some (including the type strain) while marginal in others. Comparative genome hybridization experiments. Comparing genomic DNA samples of different strains with a common reference strain (CH34).
Project description:A fliZ mutant in the entomopathogenic bacterium X. nematophila is attenuated in virulence in the insect. The goal of this study is to compare transcriptomes of the fliZ mutant and wild type strain to identify the FliZ regulon. Two biological replicates of total RNA from exponential cultures of WT strain and fliZ mutant were analysed by deep sequencing, using Illumina HiSeq 2000.
Project description:Mesorhizobium huakuii 7653R is an α-proteobacterium that occurs either in a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with its host plant, A. sinicus, or free-living in the soil. Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes in Bacteroids compared to the free-living cells. Understand how M. huakuii 7653R responds to alterations in its environment and to the physiological changes that occur during bacteroid differentiation. Examination of mRNA levels in free-living cells and bacteroids at 32 days postinoculation
Project description:Mesorhizobium huakuii 7653R is an α-proteobacterium that occurs either in a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with its host plant, A. sinicus, or free-living in the soil. We performed RNA-Seq on free-living cells grown in rich media and in bacteroids isolated from root nodules to understand how M. huakuii 7653R responds to alterations in its environment and to the physiological changes that occur during bacteroid differentiation. Understand how M. huakuii 7653R responds to alterations in its environment and to the physiological changes that occur during bacteroid differentiation. Examination of mRNA levels in free-living cells and bacteroids at 32 days postinoculation
Project description:Plants have evolved a unique and conserved developmental program that enables the conversion of leaves into floral organs. Elegant genetic and molecular work has identified key regulators of floral meristem identity. However, further understanding of flower meristem specification has been hampered by redundancy and by pleiotropic effects. The KNOXI gene STM transcription factor is a well-characterized regulator of shoot apical meristem maintenance. stm loss-of-function mutants arrest shortly after germination, and therefore the knowledge on later roles of STM, including flower development, is limited. Here, we uncover a role for STM in the specification of flower meristem identity. Silencing STM in the AP1 expression domain in the ap1-4 mutant background resulted in a complete leafy-like flower phenotype and an intermediate stm-2 allele enhanced the floral meristem identity phenotype of ap1-4. Transcriptional profiling of STM perturbation suggested that STM activity affects multiple meristem identity and flower transition genes, among them the F-Box gene UFO. In agreement, stm-2 enhanced the ufo-2 floral meristem fate phenotype, and ectopic UFO expression rescued the leafy flowers in genetic backgrounds with compromised AP1 and STM activities. This work suggests a molecular mechanism that underlies the activity of STM in the specification of flower meristem identity. Overall design: Silencing STM in the AP1 expression domain in the ap1-4 mutant
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of HCV core transgenic mice liver comparing nontransgenic mice liver or HCV core transgenic mice liver with various core expression levels. Exp I: Double transgenic mice DTM with high core vs single transgenic mice STM (triplicate); ExpII: DTM with modest core vs STM (triplicate); ExpIII: DTM with modest core vs DTM with high core (triplicate).