ABSTRACT: MicroRNA (miRNA) has been highlighted in pathogen-host interactions, however, little is known about roles of miRNAs in neurological pathogenesis of human enterovirus 71 (HEV71) infections. In this study, the comprehensive miRNA expression profiling in HEV71-infected human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were performed to identify cellular miRNAs response to HEV71. A total of 69 miRNAs were differentially expressed in HEV71-infected SH-SY5Y cells compared to non-infected cells. These findings provide new information on the miRNA and mRNA profiles in HEV71 infection, which may serve as a basis for further investigation into the biological functions of miRNAs in the neurological pathogenesis of HEV71 infections. Human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were infected with HEV71. After infection, the cells were harvested and extracted total RNA for miRNA profiling by hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. A total of 69 miRNAs were differentially expressed inHEV71-infected SH-SY5Y cells compared to non-infected cells.
Project description:Today, the pathogenesis of human enterovirus type 71 (HEV71) infection in human central neural system remains unclear. HEV71 is the major pathogen of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), and has been associated with severe neurological disease and even death in infants and young children. We employed the human whole genome microarray analyze the mRNA profiling in human neuroblastoma cells SH-SY5Y infected with HEV71 after transfection. Firstly, SH-SY5Y cells were transfected wtih miR-1246 inhibitor and negtive control respectively using HiPerFect Transfection Reagent according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Then the cells were infected with HEV71 after transfection. After 12 hours infection, the cells were harvested to microarray analysis. The results showed the altered expression of mRNAs including up-regulated genes and down-regulated genes. Overall, this finding will help to understand the functional genes in HEV71-infected human neuroblastoma cells and miR-1246-virus-host interaction. SH-SY5Y cells were transfected wtih miR-1246 inhibitor and negtive control respectively using HiPerFect Transfection Reagent according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Then the cells were infected with HEV71 after transfection. After infection, the cells were harvested to microarray analysis. Total RNA of cells infected with HEV71 was extracted using the TRIZOL Reagent according to the manufacturer's instructions. Gene-expression profiling was performed for each pooling RNA sample separately on the GeneChip_ Porcine Genome Array at CapitalBio Corporation (Beijing, China).
Project description:As part of functional characterization of neuroblastoma assocated lncRNA, we performed its knock-down in neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y, which resulted in modulation of expression levels of a set of genes involved in angiogenesis and inflammation, the hallmarks of metastatic cancer. SH-SY5Y cells were transfected with non-targeting siRNA control and two siRNAs targeting lncRNA BEHOT. Two days after transfection total RNA was isolated and hybridized to microarray, each sample was done in four replicas.
Project description:Over the last decade, small noncoding RNA molecules such as microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as critical regulators in the expression and function of eukaryotic genomes. It has been suggested that viral infections and neurological disease outcome may also be shaped by the influence of small RNAs. This has prompted us to suggest that HIV infection alters the endogenous miRNA expression patterns, thereby contributing to neuronal deregulation and AIDS dementia. Therefore, using primary cultures and neuronal cell lines, we examined the impact of a viral protein (HIV-1 Tat) on the expression of miRNAs due to its characteristic features such as release from the infected cells and taken up by noninfected cells. Using microRNA array assay, we demonstrated that Tat deregulates the levels of several miRNAs. Interestingly, miR-34a was among the most highly induced miRNAs in Tat-treated neurons. Tat also decreases the levels of miR-34a target genes such as CREB protein as shown by real time PCR. The effect of Tat was neutralized in the presence of anti-miR-34a. Using in situ hybridization assay, we found that the levels of miR-34a increase in Tat transgenic mice when compared with the parental mice. Therefore, we conclude that deregulation of neuronal functions by HIV-1 Tat protein is miRNA-dependent. Human neurons SH-SY5Y were chosen to examine the impact of HIV-1 Tat protein on gene expression
Project description:To investigate thapsigargin or tunicamycin-induced transcriptomes in SH-SY5Y cells Total RNA was isolated from SH-SY5Y cells were treated with control vehicle (DMSO), thapsigargin (thap) or tunicamycin (tuni).
Project description:Today, the pathogenesis of human enterovirus type 71 (HEV71) infection in human central neural system remains unclear. HEV71 is the major pathogen of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), and has been associated with severe neurological disease and even death in infants and young children. We employed the human whole genome microarray analyze the transcriptome profiling inhuman neuroblastoma cells SH-SY5Y infected with HEV71. The results showed that HEV71 infection lead to altered expression of 161 human mRNAs including 74 up-regulated genes and 87 down-regulated genes. Then we found that the possible roles of the differentially regulated mRNAs in selected pathways including cell cycle/proliferation, apoptosis, and cytokine/chemokine responses by Bioinformatic analysis. Furthermore, we validated the microarray results by real-time RT-PCR with high identity. Overall, our results provided fundamental information about host response to HEV71 infection in human neuroblastoma cells, and this finding will help to understand the pathogenesis of HEV71 infection and virus-host interaction. Total RNA of cells infected with HEV71 was extracted using the TRIZOL Reagent according to the manufacturer's instructions. Gene-expression profiling was performed for each pooling RNA sample separately on the GeneChip_ Porcine Genome Array (Affymetrix) at CapitalBio Corporation (Beijing, China) in which GeneChip microarray service was certificated by Affymetrix.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE24497: ER stress impairs the insulin signaling pathway through mitochondrial damage in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells (part 1) GSE24499: ER stress impairs the insulin signaling pathway through mitochondrial damage in SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells (part 2) Refer to individual Series
Project description:iCLIP experiments tomap the RNA binding sites of the RNA-binding protein Unkempt across the transcriptome in SH-SY5Y cells, HeLa cells with ectopic Unk expression and mouse E15 embryonic brain samples. Expression of Unk is normally largely restricted to the nervous system. We therefore mapped the binding sites in human SH-SY5Y and mouse E15 brain to detect its physiological binding sites (in SH-SY5Y, we also performed the RNAseq experiment upon Unk knockdown). HeLa cells on the other hand normally don't express Unk, but convert to neuron-like shape when the protein is ectopically expressed. So, here we hoped to identify those binding events (and hence target transcripts) that are critical for this morphological transformation.
Project description:Genome wide mRNA and miRNA profiling was performed in SH-SY5Y cells stably overexpressing wild type or mutant MIR204 or MIR618. Mutants came from a large scale genetic screening of brain expressed miRNA genes in patients with schizophrenia or idiopathic generalized epilepsy and in control individuals. Based on enrichment of the variants with the schizophrenic or epileptic phenotype and based on impact prediction, two variants, one near MIR204 (rs7861254) and one in MIR618 (rs2682818) were selected for functional validation. Genome wide profiling of mRNA (micro-array) and mature miRNAs (small RNA sequencing, submitted to SRA) was performed in the created stable cells to assess the effect of the variants and to investigate the function of these miRNA genes. Micro-array analysis on HTA2.0 array was performed at AROS Applied Biotechnology, Denmark. SH-SY5Y cells (purchased from Sigma-Aldrich, catalog number: 94030304-1VL) were transduced with MIR204 or MIR618 wild type or mutant constructs. The stable cells were then split to obtain biological replicates and were cultured separately prior to total RNA extraction and micro-array analysis on the HTA2.0 array. For MIR204 analysis: 2 wt cells versus 3 mutant cells; for MIR618 analysis: 3 wt cells versus 3 mutant cells were used.