Genome-wide parent-of-origin DNA methylation analysis [Methyl-seq]
ABSTRACT: Genomic imprinting is a form of epigenetic regulation that results in expression of either the maternally or paternally inherited allele of a subset of genes. Imprinted loci contain differentially methylated regions (DMRs) where cytosine methylation marks one of the parental alleles, providing cis-acting regulatory elements that influence the allelic expression of surrounding genes, however to date the total number of imprinted loci within the human genome is unknown. To characterize known imprinted DMRS and identify novel imprinted loci we have performed whole-genome bisulphite sequencing and high-resolution DNA methylation array analysis of healthy tissues. Sequencing of bisulfite converted DNA analysis of normal brain (white matter), liver and term placenta tissue
Project description:Epigenetics may help understanding the molecular mechanisms of atherosclerosis as genetic predisposition explains only part of cardiovascular disease risk. In particular, DNA methylation, a reversible and highly regulative DNA modification could contribute to disease onset and progression as it functions as effector for environmental impacts, including dietary and life-style, similarly to risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. We addressed this issue by performing whole-genome shotgun bisulfite sequencing and high-resolution DNAmethylation array analysis of healthy and diseased donor-matched atherosclerotic DNA methylomes. Sequencing of bisulfite converted DNA and array based analysis of atherosclerotic lesions and normal carotid tissue.
Project description:Whole genome bisulphite sequencing of 2 human breast cancer cell lines representing a breast primary tumor and a matched lymph node metastasis. Sequencing of bisulfite converted DNA of cancer cell line samples.
Project description:Whole genome bisulphite sequencing of 13 human cancer samples and 9 normal controls. The main goal is to find the Diffrenetial methylated regions (DMR) at Genome wide level in different tissues and cancer types Sequencing of bisulfite converted DNA human cancer samples and normal control tissue types.
Project description:Whole genome bisulfite sequencing of MDCK cells, before and after TGFB-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition Sequencing of bisulfite converted DNA from MDCK cells untreated, and after a 30 days treatment with TGF beta
Project description:It is evident that epigenetic factors, especially DNA methylation, play essential roles in obesity development. To learn systematic association of DNA methylation to obesity, we used pig as a model, and sampled eight diverse adipose tissues and two distinct skeletal muscle tissues from three pig breeds with distinguished fat levels: the lean Landrace, the fatty Rongchang, and the feral Tibetan pig. We sequenced 180 methylated DNA immunoprecipitation (MeDIP) libraries, generated 1,381 Gbp sequence data, and provided a genome-wide DNA methylation map for pig adipose and muscle studies. The analysis showed global similarities and differences between breeds, genders and tissues, and identified the differentially methylated regions (DMRs) that are preferentially located in intermediate CpG promoters and CpG island shores. The DMRs in promoters are highly associated to obesity development. We also analyzed methylation and regulation of the known obesity-related genes and predicted novel candidate genes. The comprehensive map here provides a solid base for exploring epigenetic mechanisms of adipose deposition and muscle growth. We collected eight diverse adipose tissues and two phenotypically distinct skeletal muscle tissues from three well-defined pig models with distinct fat rates, and studied genome-wide DNA methylation differences among breeds, males and females, and tissues.
Project description:Genomic imprinting is a form of epigenetic regulation that results in expression of either the maternally or paternally inherited allele of a subset of genes. Imprinted loci contain differentially methylated regions (DMRs) where cytosine methylation marks one of the parental alleles, providing cis-acting regulatory elements that influence the allelic expression of surrounding genes, however to date the total number of imprinted loci within the human genome is unknown. To characterize known imprinted DMRS and identify novel imprinted loci we have performed whole-genome bisulphite sequencing and high-resolution DNA methylation array analysis of healthy tissues. Sequencing of bisulfite converted DNA and array based analysis of normal tissues, human embryonic stem cells, androgenetic hydatidiform moles and leukocytes from reciprocal genome-wide uniparental disomies.
Project description:Genomic imprinting is a mechanism in which the expression of genes varies depending on their parent-of-origin. Imprinting occurs through differential DNA methylation and histone modifications on the two parental alleles, with most imprinted genes marked by CpG-rich differentially methylated regions (DMRs). DNA methylation profiling in cases of uniparental disomy (UPD) provides a unique system permitting the study of DNA derived from a single parent (PMID: 20631049). Approximately 70 human imprinted genes have been described, and imprinted loci have been associated with diseases such as diabetes and cancer. We profiled parent of origin DNA methylation marks to find novel imprinted loci. Methods: We have an unprecedented collection of whole blood DNA from XX patients with UPD covering 18 different chromosomes, allowing for the efficient detection of DMRs associated with imprinted genes for 84% of the human genome. Our study is complimented with Ovarian Teratoma DNA (maternal DNA) and Complete hydatidiform Mole (paternal DNA). DNA methylation was profiled using Illumina Infinium 450K Methylation BeadArrays. Imprinted DMRs were defined by sites at which the maternal and paternal methylation levels diverged significantly from the biparental average. We confirmed novel DMRs by bisulfite sequencing of informative trios and SequenomEpiTYPER assays. Allelic specific gene expression studies were also performed by RNA sequencing in independent biparental controls. Findings: Our results provide for the first comprehensive map of the human imprintome, doubling the number of known imprinted regions. We identified a total of 71 DMRs, 41 of which were novel. 27 novel DMRs were maternally methylated and 14 were paternally methylated. We identified DMRs on chromosomes 5, 21 and 22 previously considered devoid of imprinting, highlighting potential parent-of-origin effects in chromosomal aneuploidies such as Down syndrome. We also found DMRs in genes associated with Schizophrenia and epilepsy. Interpretation: Our data provide the first comprehensive genome-wide map of imprinted sites in the human genome, and provide novel insights into potential parent-of-origin effects in human disorders. 66 UPD samples analyzed in total, From each individual, whole bllod DNA was extracted and global DNA methylation levels were assessed using Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip.
Project description:Parental imprinting is an epigenetic phenomenon by which genes are expressed in a monoallelic fashion, according to their parent-of-origin. DNA methylation is considered the hallmark mechanism regulating parental imprinting. To identify imprinted differentially methylated regions (DMRs), we compared the DNA methylation status between multiple normal and parthenogenetic human pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) by performing reduced representation bisulfite sequencing. Our analysis identified over twenty previously unknown imprinted DMRs in addition to the known DMRs. These include DMRs in loci associated with human disorders, and a class of intergenic DMRs that do not seem to be related to gene expression. Furthermore, the study showed some DMRs to be unstable, liable to differentiation or reprogramming. A comprehensive comparison between mouse and human DMRs identified almost half of the imprinted DMRs to be species-specific. Taken together our data map novel DMRs in the human genome, their evolutionary conservation, and relation to gene expression. RRBS profiles were generated from 6 parthenogenetic iPSC lines (hiPS A11, hiPS A20, hIPS A26, hiPS B34, hiPS B36, hiPS B41) and fibroblasts from the 2 parents whose ovarian teratomas were used to derive the iPSC lines, for a total of 8 samples.