MicroRNA expression array for 1833 cells expressing RKIP vs. control
ABSTRACT: RKIP has been implicated in suppression of breast tumor metastasis. Identification of microRNAs regulated by RKIP helps us to understand how RKIP suppresses tumor metastasis via its downstream target mircoRNAs and genes. Total RNA was extracted from 1833 cells expressing RKIP or control, respectively. Exiqon miRCURY LNA array v.11.0. was performed to identify the microRNAs regulated by RKIP.
Project description:HMGA2 has been implicated in tumor progression. Identification of microRNAs regulated by HMGA2 helps us to understand how HMGA2 regulates tumor metastasis via its downstream target mircoRNAs and genes. Total RNA was extracted from 1833 cells with control or depleted HMGA2 expression, respectively. Exiqon miRCURY LNA 5th generation expression array was performed to identify the microRNAs regulated by HMGA2.
Project description:The study aimed to identify miRNAs expression profiles associated with growth and regression of dominant-size follicles in bovine. Follicles were collected from abattoir ovaries and their status (healthy/atretic) was assessed by measuring steroid levels and aromatase expression. Total RNA was isolated from whole follicles at different developmental stages. An heterologous microarray (Exiqon, Denmark) approach followed by RT-qPCR validation (Qiagen, UK) was used to identify and compare miRNA profiles between large healthy follicles (diameter, 13–16 mm, n=6) and each of small (4–8 mm, n=6 pools of follicles) and large atretic folllicles (13-16 mm, n=6). RNA from the above groups was hybridized to the miRCURY LNA™ microRNA Hi-Power Labeling Kit,Hy3™/Hy5™ (Exiqon) and hybridized on the miRCURY LNA™ microRNA Array (6th gen). A total of 17 and 57 microRNAs were differentially expressed (> 2 fold, adj. P-value < 0.05) between Large Healthy and each of Small and Large Atretic follicles, respectively, a fraction of which corresponded to registered bovine miRNA sequences. A subset of 5 bovine miRNAs (miR-144, miR-202,vmiR-451, miR-652, miR-873) were confirmed by qPCR to be upregulated in Large Healthy follicles, were enriched in mural granulosa cells and their predicted targets mapped to genes involved in follicular cell proliferation and differentiation, suggesting an involvemet of this subset of microRNAs in ovarian follicle development. Six biological replicates per developmental stage (total of 18 samples) were used in a double dye microRNA microarray experiment. Samples were distributed among slides so that each experimental group was represented at least once in each slide. For each gene, mean normalized intensities (n= 6 biological replicates/group) were compared between follicle stages (SF vs LHF and LHF vs LAF).
Project description:Results Platelets in non-diabetic patients demonstrated miRNA expression profiles comparable to previously published data. The miRNA expression profiles of platelets in diabetics were similar. Statistical analysis unveiled only three miRNAs (miR-377-5p, miR-628-3p, miR-3137) with high reselection probabilities in resampling techniques, corresponding to signatures with only modest discriminatory performance. Functional annotation of predicted targets for these miRNAs pointed towards an influence of diabetes mellitus on mRNA processing. Conclusions/interpretation We did not find any major differences in platelet miRNA profiles between diabetics and non-diabetics. Minor differences pertained to miRNAs associated with mRNA processing. Thus, previously described differences in plasma miRNAs between diabetic and nondiabetic patients cannot be explained by plain changes in the platelet miRNA profile. Platelet miRNA profiles were assessed in clinically stable diabetic and nondiabetic patients (each n=30). Platelet miRNA was isolated from leucocyte-depleted platelet-rich plasma, and miRNA profiling was performed using LNA micro-array technology (miRBase 18.0, containing 1,917 human miRNAs). Effects of diabetes mellitus were explored by univariate statistical tests for each miRNA, adjusted for potential confounders, and by developing a multivariable signature, which was evaluated by resampling techniques. Platelet phenotype was assessed by light transmission aggregometry and impedance aggregometry.
Project description:Background: TrkB-T1 is a BDNF receptor lacking a tyrosine kinase domain that is highly expressed in astrocytes and regulates BDNF-evoked calcium transients. Previous studies indicate that downregulation of TrkB-T1 in frontal cortex may be involved in neurobiological processes underlying suicide. Methods: In a microarray screening study (N=8), we interrogated all known microRNA in the frontal cortex of suicide completers with low expression of TrkB-T1 and normal controls. These findings were validated and followed up in a larger sample of cases and controls (N=55) Functional analyses included microRNA silencing, microRNA overexpression and luciferase assays to investigate specificity and to validate interactions between differentially expressed microRNA and TrkB-T1 Results: microRNAs Hsa-miR-185* and Hsa-miR-491-3p were upregulated in suicide completers with low expression of TrkB.T1 (Pnominal: 9.10-5 and 1.8.10-4 respectively; FDR-corrected p=0.031). Bioinformatic analyses revealed five putative binding sites for the DiGeorge syndrome linked microRNA Hsa-miR-185*in the 3’UTR of TrkB-T1, but none for Hsa-miR-491-3P. The increase of Hsa-miR-185* in frontal cortex of suicide completers was validated then confirmed in a larger, randomly selected group of suicide completers, where an inverse correlation between Hsa-miR-185* and TrkB-T1 expression was observed ( R=-0.404; p=0.002). Silencing and overexpression studies performed in human cell lines confirmed the inverse relationship between hsa-mir-185* and trkB-T1 expression. Luciferase assays demonstrated that Hsa-miR-185* binds to sequences in the 3’UTR of TrkB-T1. Conclusion: These results suggest that an increase of Hsa-miR-185* expression levels regulates, at least in part, the TrkB-T1 decrease observed in the frontal cortex of suicide completers and further implicate the 3MB 22q11 region in psychopathology. The microarray analysis consists in to compare the microRNA profile of four suicide completers with low TrkB-T1 expression level and four controls. Each RNA extract was labeled with Hy3 and hybridyzed with a reference sample labeled with Hy5. The reference sample was a pool of the eight RNA samples
Project description:Follicular dendritic cells (FDC) are important stromal cells within the B cell follicles and germinal centres (GC) of secondary lymphoid tissues. FDC trap and retain native antigens on their surfaces in the form of immune complexes which they display to B cells, in order to select those cells with the highest antigen affinity. MicroRNAs are short, non-coding RNAs of approximately 18-25 nucleotides in length that regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level by repressing the translation of target genes. In the current study in vivo and in vitro systems were used to identify microRNAs that are differentially expressed as a result of FDC depletion. Constitutive lymphotoxin-β receptor (LTβR) stimulation is required to maintain FDC in their differentiated state. We show that the rapid de-differentiation of spleen FDC that followed LTβR-blockade, coincided with a significant decrease in the expression of mmu-miR-100-5p, mmu-miR-138-5p and mmu-miR-2137. These microRNAs were shown to be expressed in the FDC-like cell line, FL-YB, and specific inhibition of mmu-miR-100-5p significantly enhanced expression of Il6, Ptgs1/2 and Tlr4 in this cell line. The expression of each of these genes by FDC plays an important role in regulating GC size and promoting high-affinity antibody responses, suggesting that mmu-miR-100-5p may help regulate their expression during GC reactions. C57BL/6 mice were given a single intravenous injection of 100 µg of LTβR to temporarily deplete their FDC. At intervals after treatment 4 spleens from each group were harvested and RNA prepared. For each group samples were pooled into 2 groups of 2 and microRNA expression levels compared. Spleens from LTb-/- mice were also analysed. One channel was used for the actual sample, the second channel was used for internal QC reference.
Project description:Endothelial-enriched total RNAs were obtained from the suprarenal region of the abdominal aorta which is the murine AAA prone area in AngII-infused C57BL/6 mice. At 12 or 36h post-AngII pump implantation, endothelial-enriched RNAs from four abdominal aortas were pooled to obtain ~30 ng total RNA as one array sample, performed in triplicates. All RNA samples used for miRNA microarray study passed the initial quality control test and each sample was linearly amplified.
Project description:By employing miRCURY LNA™ microRNA Array, we have identified a subset of 21 top miRNAs that are differentially expressed between GM-BMM and M-BMM cells To know the differential expression of miRNA in mouse GM-CSF-induced bone marrow-derived macrophages (GM-BMM) vs. M-CSF-induced BMM (M-BMM)
Project description:Total RNA was isolated from Peripheral blood (PB) and Bone Marrow (BM) samples using mirVana kit and RNA integrity number (RIN) was determined in Agilent Bioanalyzer (2100) to assess the suitability for microarray assays. Fifty samples were individually analyzed using miRCURY™ LNA arrays version 11.0 (Exiqon, Denmark). The LNA array slides were scanned using Agilent G2565BA Microarray Scanner System (Agilent Technologies, Inc., USA) and image analysis was carried out using ImaGene 8.0 software (BioDiscovery, Inc., USA). The quantified signals were background corrected (Normexp with offset value 10 14 and normalized using global Lowess (Locally Weighted Scatterplot Smoothing) regression algorithm. Three condition experiment T-ALL vs Healthy Individuals (normals), B-ALL vs normals, T-ALL vs B-ALL; Biological replicates: 6, T-ALL replicates and 5 B-ALL replicates; Control replicates-5.139 is the BM of individual 136