Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

2

EWI-2 regulates melanoma growth and lung metastasis in a TGF-β1-dependent manner


ABSTRACT: EWI-2 (IgSF8) plays a novel, bifunctional role in melanoma cells. EWI-2 inhibits migration, metastasis, EMT-like changes, and CD271-dependent invasion in multiple melanoma cell lines. On the other hand, EWI-2 supports melanoma cell proliferation, survival, and xenograft growth. Consistent with these results, EWI-2 levels were elevated in human malignant melanoma, but not in metastatic melanoma samples. Altered melanoma cell functions, caused by EWI-2 ablation, are almost entirely dependent on enhanced TRF-β1 signaling, and also require contributions from tetraspanin proteins CD9 and CD81. In melanoma cells lacking EWI-2, tetraspanins CD9 and CD81 enhance TRF-β1 signaling by facilitating TβR-2−TβR-1 receptor complex formation. When EWI-2 is present, CD9 and CD81 are diverted into EWI-2 complexes, and thus TRF-β1 signaling is inhibited. 4 samples = 2 Control + 2 EWI-2 KD.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Chandan Sharma   Konstantin Knoblich  Martin E Hemler  Hong-Xing Wang  Scott R Granter 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-47978 | ArrayExpress | 2013-06-15

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE47978PRJNA208517

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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