Microarray Analysis Reveal Global Differential Transcritomes of Mesorhizobium huakuii 7653R between Bacteroids and Free-living Cells
ABSTRACT: Mesorhizobium huakuii 7653R is an α-proteobacterium that occurs either in a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with its host plant, A. sinicus, or free-living in the soil. Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes in Bacteroids compared to the free-living cells. Understand how M. huakuii 7653R responds to alterations in its environment and to the physiological changes that occur during bacteroid differentiation. Examination of mRNA levels in free-living cells and bacteroids at 32 days postinoculation
Project description:A custom-made microarray was used for comparative transcriptome analysis of transgenic suspension cell line of Nicotiana tabacum that overexpresses the CaRLK1 gene. Ectopic expression of the CaRLK1 preferentially upregulated many amino acid biosynthetic genes under hypoxia: a 1.7-fold higher steady-state concentration of total free amino acids. Free Ala level was predominantly increased by 3-4 times and reached more than half of total free amino acid content. A significantly and markedly increased pyruvate content was also observed. These accumulations are associated with the glyoxylate cycle positively regulated by the CaRLK1. A total of 12 chips were used for microarray. Total RNAs were extracted from BY-2 suspension cells (control), RLK1ox suspension cells (RLK), auxin-free RLK1ox suspension cells (RA), and 10 uM DPI-treated RLK1ox suspension cells (RD) with triple biological replicates.
Project description:Protein variation in blood-dwelling schistosome worms generated by differential splicing of micro-exon gene transcripts. The infective schistosome cercaria develops from an undifferentiated germ ball within the daughter sporocyst in the molluscan host, during which considerable morphological development and synthesis of proteins essential for infection occurs. The free-living, non-feeding cercaria is notable for its swimming and host location behaviour. On contact with host skin it rapidly penetrates, replaces its tegument surface membranes, and begins body remodelling, before crossing the dermis to exit the skin via a blood vessel. Such a ‘violent’ transition from snail to fresh water to mammalian host should be accompanied by remarkable changes in the patterns of gene expression. All gene models from version E of the S. mansoni genome (www.GeneDB.org) were incorporated into a 350K feature Roche-NimbleGen, high-density oligonucleotide array. From a map-ordered list, every 13th 50mer was chosen as a probe. Double-stranded cDNA from three biological replicates each of germ balls, cercariae, and day 3 schistosomula was hybridised to the array without amplification. Statistical analysis was carried out using programmes from the Bioconductor suite (Gentleman et al. 2004 Genome Biol 5(10):R80). More than 1000 loci were shown to be differentially expressed in each of the comparisons between the three life cycle stages. Gene ontology (GO) analysis was then carried out to discover the categories enriched in each stage. In addition custom categories based on biological function (e.g. stress response) or parasite tissue (e.g. tegument) were analysed. Three biological replicates each of germ balls, cercariae, day 3 in vitro cultured schistosomula, and eggs were used. No technical replicates were included. This is the first genome-wide microarray platform for S. mansoni. It was used to investigate the gene expression patterns of the above lifecycle stages. The first three are the stages before, during and after penetration of mammalian host skin.
Project description:Investigation on expression levels of normal tissue from prostate cancer patients on locus 8q24. 3 chips with 3 arrays each study, using 3 pairs of normal vs. tumor tissue and 3 replicates of the same sample. Each chip contained one pair of normal vs. tumor and one copy of the repeated sample.
Project description:Investigation on expression levels of normal tissue from prostate cancer patients on locus 8q24. The region chr8:127640000-129120000 is tiled with 60 nt probes at 10 nt interval (hg18) 7 chip study, using 7 independent samples.
Project description:Investigation on expression levels of normal tissue from prostate cancer patients on locus 8q24. The region chr8:127640000-129120000 is tiled with isothermal probes (hg17) 7 chip study, using 7 independent samples.
Project description:Purine biosynthesis and metabolism, conserved in all living organisms, is essential for cellular energy homeostasis and nucleic acids synthesis. The de novo synthesis of purine precursors is under tight negative feedback regulation mediated by adenine and guanine nucleotides. We describe a new early-onset distinct neurodegenerative condition resulting from mutations in the adenosine monophosphate deaminase 2 gene (AMPD2). Patients have characteristic brain imaging features of pontocerebellar hypoplasia (PCH), due to loss of brainstem and cerebellar parenchyma. We found that AMPD2 plays an evolutionary conserved role in the maintenance of cellular guanine nucleotide pools by regulating the feedback inhibition of adenosine derivatives on de novo purine synthesis. AMPD2 deficiency results in defective GTP-dependent initiation of protein translation, which can be rescued by administration of purine precursors. These data suggest AMPD2-related PCH as a new potentially treatable early-onset neurodegenerative disease. An 18 chip study, that compares iPSC derived neural progenitor cells from two individuals: a patient with pontocerebellar hypoplasia and an unaffected parent. Samples are run as either non-treated, treated with Adenosine, or treated with Adenosine and AICAr. Three replicates are included for every individuals in every treatment condition.
Project description:Embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced-pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) self-renew and differentiate into an array of cell types in vitro and in vivo. A complex network of genetic and epigenetic pathways regulates the self-renewal and differentiation of these pluripotent cells, and the structure and covalent modifications of chromatin play a prominent role in this process. We examine nucleosome occupancy in mouse and human embryonic stem cells (ESCs), induced-pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), and differentiated cell types using MNase-seq. To address variability inherent in this technique, we developed a bioinformatic approach that enabled the identification of regions of difference (RoD) in nucleosome occupancy between pluripotent and somatic cells. The majority of changes in nucleosomal signatures that occur in differentiation are reset during reprogramming. We conclude that changes in nucleosome occupancy are a hallmark of pluripotency and likely identify key regulatory regions that play a role in determining cell identity. A six chip study using total RNA recovered from three cell types with 2 replicates each
Project description:Investigation of whole genome gene expression level changes of LncRNAs in tumor tissues and paired non-tumor tissues in HBV-positive hapatocellular carcinoma. The different expression genes were further analysised. The human LncRNA microarray analysis of the 10 samples (5 non-tumor tissues and 5 paired tumor tissues) were completed. Total RNA from each sample was quantified using the NanoDrop ND-1000 and RNA integrity was assessed using standard denaturing agarose gel electrophoresis. Total RNA of each sample was used for labeling and array hybridization as the following steps: 1) Reverse transcription with by Invitrogen Superscript ds-cDNA synthesis kit; 2) ds-cDNA labeling with NimbleGen one-color DNA labeling kit; 3) Array hybridization using the NimbleGen Hybridization System and followed by washing with the NimbleGen wash buffer kit; 4) Array scanning using the Agilent Scanner G2505C. Scanned images (TIFF format) were then imported into NimbleScan software (version 2.5) for grid alignment and expression data analysis. Expression data were normalized through quantile normalization and the Robust Multichip Average (RMA) algorithm included in the NimbleScan software. The Probe level (*_norm_RMA.pair) files and mRNA level (*_RMA.calls) files were generated after normalization. All mRNAs level files were imported into Agilent GeneSpring GX software (version 11.5.1) for further analysis.mRNAs that at least 3 out of 6 samples have values greater than or equal to lower cut-off: 50.0 (“All Targets Value”) were chosen for further data analysis. Differentially expressed mRNAs were identified through Volcano Plot filtering. Pathway analysis and GO analysis were applied to determine the roles of these differentially expressed mRNAs played in these biological pathways or GO terms. Finally, Hierarchical Clustering was performed to show the distinguishable mRNAs expression pattern among samples.
Project description:A significant percentage of HIV-infected individuals experience a sharp decline in CD4+ T cell counts and progress to AIDS quickly after primary infection. Identification of biomarkers distinguishing rapid progressors (RPs) versus chronic progressors (CPs) is critical for early clinical intervention and could provide novel strategies to facilitate vaccine design and immune therapy. mRNA and miRNA expression profiles in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of RPs and CPs were investigated at 111±22 days (Mean±SD) of HIV infection. The association of mRNA and miRNA expression with disease progression was examined by receiver operating characteristic analysis and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Pathway enrichment analysis showed that genes with deregulated expression in RPs are primarily involved in apoptosis pathways. Furthermore, we found that 5 miRNAs (miR-31, -200c, -526a, -99a and -503) in RPs were significantly decreased compared to those in CPs (P<0.05). The decreased expression of these miRNAs was associated with rapid disease progression of HIV infection with a 94% predictive value as measured by the area under the curve. The upregulated predicted targets from the 5 signature miRNAs and all upregulated genes identified from mRNA microarray converged to the apoptosis pathway. Moreover, overexpression of miR-31 in primary human T cells promoted their survival. Our results have identified a distinct transcriptomic signature in PBMCs of RPs and provided novel insights to the pathogenesis of HIV infection. A cohort of primary HIV infected individuals with different disease outcome were enrolled in this study. We included 6 individuals with rapid disease progression (RP), seven with chronic disease progression (CP). The HIV infected individuals were never on therapy before the time of sample taken.