Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

8

Transcription profiling by array of Arabidopsis wild type (WT) and nNOS transgenic plants under control and drought stress conditions


ABSTRACT: Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in all major environmental stresses. However, most of these understandings were mainly based on pharmacological study using NO modulator compounds. Recently, our studies together with others provided a new class of plant experimental system with specific in vivo NO release through constitutively overexpressing rat neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) in plants. In this study, we found that the nNOS transgenic Arabidopsis plants displayed lower level of H2O2 content, but higher levels of antioxidant enzyme activities and osmolytes under drought stress conditions. Transcriptomic analysis identified 490 and 20 genes that were differentially expressed in wild type (WT) and nNOS transgenic plants under control and drought stress conditions, respectively. Pathway analysis revealed that many genes involved in photosynthesis, cell, misc, co-factor and vitamin metabolism, major CHO metabolism, OPP and secondary metabolism were largely changed in nNOS vs. WT under control or drought stress conditions. Interestingly, CBF1/2 and 13 zinc finger family proteins, known as important family of transcription regulators in modulating several stress-responsive genes, were differentially expressed by nNOS transgenic effect. Additionally, some genes were commonly regulated by nNOS transgenic and abscisic acid (ABA) effects, indicating new insights to cross-talk between ABA and NO. Taken together, in vivo NO modulated antioxidant enzyme activities, osmolyte level, and the expression of genes involved in several pathways, thereby resulting in enhanced stress tolerance in nNOS transgenic plants. These observations might provide some insights to understand the physiological and molecular mechanisms of NO in response to drought stress in Arabidopsis. Two transgenic Arabidopsis lines (nNOS-2 and nNOS-25) with the nNOS gene under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter, as well as Col-0 (WT), were used in this research. RNA samples from two nNOS transgenic lines were pooled for cRNA labelling and chip hybridization.

ORGANISM(S): Arabidopsis thaliana  

SUBMITTER: Haitao Shi   Zhulong Chan 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-48474 | ArrayExpress | 2014-06-03

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE48474PRJNA210265

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Constitutive production of nitric oxide leads to enhanced drought stress resistance and extensive transcriptional reprogramming in Arabidopsis.

Shi Haitao H   Ye Tiantian T   Zhu Jian-Kang JK   Chan Zhulong Z  

Journal of experimental botany 20140527 15


Nitric oxide (NO) is involved in plant responses to many environmental stresses. Transgenic Arabidopsis lines that constitutively express rat neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) were described recently. In this study, it is reported that the nNOS transgenic Arabidopsis plants displayed high levels of osmolytes and increased antioxidant enzyme activities. Transcriptomic analysis identified 601 or 510 genes that were differentially expressed as a consequence of drought stress or nNOS transformation, respe  ...[more]

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