ABSTRACT: Adult male grass shrimp were exposed for 96 hours to LC50 concentrations of either Fipronil, Endosulfan, or Cadmium, as well as a Carrier Control exposure. RNA was extracted from whole-body homogenates using the RNABee kit. Tags were clustered to identify tags diagnostic of the different exposures. Keywords: SAGE, Grass shrimp, ecotoxicogenomics 3 randomly selected shrimp were pooled for each library. Libraries were constructed using the I-SAGE long kit from Invitrogen.
Project description:Adult male grass shrimp were exposed for 96 hours to LC50 concentrations of either Fipronil, Endosulfan, or Cadmium, as well as a Carrier Control exposure. RNA was extracted from whole-body homogenates using the RNABee kit. Tags were clustered to identify tags diagnostic of the different exposures. Keywords: SAGE, Grass shrimp, ecotoxicogenomics Overall design: 3 randomly selected shrimp were pooled for each library. Libraries were constructed using the I-SAGE long kit from Invitrogen.
Project description:Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) is a major grass species used for forage and turf throughout the world, and gains by conventional breeding have reached a plateau. Perennial ryegrass is an outcrossing, self-incompatible diploid (2n = 2x = 14) with a relatively large genome (4067 Mbp/diploid genome; Evans, G.M., Rees, H., Snell, C.L. and Sun, S. (1972). The relation between nuclear DNA amount and the duration of the mitotic cycle. Chrom. Today, 3, 24–31). Using tissues sourced from active pastures during the peak of the autumn, winter, spring and summer seasons, we analysed the ryegrass transcriptome employing a Serial Analysis of Gene Expression (SAGE™) protocol, with the dual goals of understanding the seasonal changes in perennial ryegrass gene expression and enhancing our ability to select genes for genetic manipulation. A total of 159 002 14-mer SAGE™ tags was sequenced and mapped to the perennial ryegrass DNA database, comprising methyl-filtered (GeneThresher®) and expressed sequence tag (EST) sequences. The analysis of 14 559 unique SAGE™ tags, which were present more than once in our SAGE™ library, revealed 964, 1331, 346 and 131 exclusive transcripts to autumn, winter, spring and summer, respectively. Intriguingly, our analysis of the SAGE™ tags revealed season-specific expression profiles for the small subunit of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase (Rubisco), LprbcS. The transcript level for LprbcS was highest in spring, and then decreased gradually between summer and winter. Five different copies of LprbcS were revealed in ryegrass, with one possibly producing splice variant transcripts. Two highly expressed LprbcS genes were reported, one of which was not active in autumn. Another LprbcS gene showed an inverse expression profile to the autumn inactive LprbcS in a manner to compensate the expression level. Keywords: paddock samples, pasture, perennial ryegrass, Serial Analysis of Gene Expression (SAGE™), season specific expression, monocot Ryegrass tissue Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) cv. Bronsyn was used throughout this study. Field-grown samples, comprising mainly viable leaves and pseudostems, were collected at midday from livestock-active monocultural paddocks at Dexcel, Hamilton, New Zealand during the peak of each season, and frozen immediately in liquid nitrogen. Samples were transported in dry-ice and stored at −80 oC until use. During spring and summer, care was taken not to include any floral stems in the tissue sample. Grass samples were collected from pregrazed (15–60 days post-grazing) and post-grazed (1 day post-grazing) ryegrass swards, which were visibly healthy and free of any pests. Construction of SAGE™ libraries RNA was extracted using TRIZOL® reagent (Invitrogen, Carlsbad,CA, USA). For each SAGE™ library, 100 ug of pre- and post-grazed sample-derived total RNA was employed, and the libraries were created using an I-SAGE™ or I-SAGE™Long Kit (Invitrogen) according to the manufacturer’s protocol. Pre- and post-grazed SAGE™ libraries were sequenced at the Australian Genome Research Facility (Brisbane, Australia), and the tags were extracted using SAGE2000 software and combined to produce the transcript profile for the season.
Project description:We have analyzed the pattern of gene expression in human primary CD34(+) stem/progenitor cells. We identified 42,399 unique serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) tags among 106,021 SAGE tags collected from 2.5 x 10(6) CD34(+) cells purified from bone marrow. Of these unique SAGE tags, 21,546 matched known expressed sequences, including 3,687 known genes, and 20,854 were novel without a match. The SAGE tags that matched known sequences tended to be at higher levels, whereas the novel SAGE tags tended to be at lower levels. By using the generation of longer sequences from SAGE tags for gene identification (GLGI) method, we identified the correct gene for 385 of 440 high-copy SAGE tags that matched multiple genes and we generated 198 novel 3' expressed sequence tags from 138 high-copy novel SAGE tags. We observed that many different SAGE tags were derived from the same genes, reflecting the high heterogeneity of the 3' untranslated region in the expressed genes. We compared the quantitative relationship for genes known to be important in hematopoiesis. The qualitative identification and quantitative measure for each known gene, expressed sequence tag, and novel SAGE tag provide a base for studying normal gene expression in hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells and for studying abnormal gene expression in hematopoietic diseases. Keywords: other
Project description:Increasing evidence suggests that low-abundant transcripts may play fundamental roles in biological processes. In an attempt to estimate the prevalence of low-abundant transcripts in eukaryotic genomes, we performed a transcriptome analysis in Drosophila using the SAGE technique. We collected 244,313 SAGE tags from transcripts expressed in Drosophila embryonic, larval, pupae, adult, and testicular tissue. From these SAGE tags, we identified 40,823 unique SAGE tags. Our analysis showed that 55% of the 40,823 unique SAGE tags are novel without matches in currently known Drosophila transcripts, and most of the novel SAGE tags have low copy numbers. Further analysis indicated that these novel SAGE tags represent novel low-abundant transcripts expressed from loci outside of currently annotated exons including the intergenic and intronic regions, and antisense of the currently annotated exons in the Drosophila genome. Our study reveals the presence of a significant number of novel low-abundant transcripts in Drosophila, and highlights the need to isolate these novel low-abundant transcripts for further biological studies. Keywords: other
Project description:In this study, we sequenced 691,390 SAGE tags from four libraries. Cervical L-SAGE libraries N1, N2, C1, and C2 were sequenced to 165,624, 181,224, 173,534, and 171,008 tags, respectively. Duplicate ditags were eliminated from analysis resulting in 136,276, 139,656, 154,828 and 136,386 useful tags respectively and a total of 24 058 unique tags. 15,438 of the unique tags mapped to annotated UniGene identifiers. We characterized the transcriptome of normal cervical tissue and evaluated the highly expressed genes in terms of tissue specificity, conserved expression among the normal libraries and their altered expression in CIN III lesions. Keywords: Cervical Epithelium, Long SAGE Four Long SAGE libraries were created from cervical epithelium biopsies. Two were CIN III and two were normal cervical tissue.
Project description:Gene expression profiles of somatic cells of fetal and adult testis. To identify genes developmentally regulated in the somatic cells of the testis, serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE) has been used to generate gene expression profiles from these cells in the fetal and adult mouse. To avoid germ cell transcripts, a fetal SAGE library was generated from germ cell-free fetal Wv/Wv mice, and an adult SAGE library was generated from adult testes depleted of germ cells with busulfan. The combined SAGE libraries contained 147570 tags identifying 12976 unique transcripts. Of these transcripts, 3607 were present in only the fetal library and 3941 were present in only the adult library. Most of the abundant differentially expressed tags in the adult testis library were from characterized genes, whereas 3' rapid amplification of complementary ends was required to identify most differentially expressed tags in the fetal library. These fetal tags were mostly associated with uncharacterized UniGene clusters. These data provide a comprehensive and quantitative analysis of gene expression in the somatic cells of the fetal and adult testis (including unknown transcripts) and identify genes differentially expressed in these cells during testis development. These differentially regulated genes are likely to provide insight into mechanisms regulating testis function both during development and in the adult animal. Keywords: other
Project description:Profiles of gene expression in hepatopancreas isolated from shrimp experimentally infected with White Spot Syndrome Virus were compared to those of un-infected controls Keywords: response to viral disease Two groups of eight shrimp were compared in terms of hepatopancreas gene expression, 40 hours after challenge with White Spot Syndrome Virus
Project description:Production of embryos in vitro has enormous potential for research and commercial applications. Unfortunately, in vitro production of porcine embryos is extremely inefficient. Despite the characterization of distinct phenotypes, little is known about the molecular mechanisms and altered physiological processes that account for poor IVP development. The objective of the current study was to compare global gene expression patterns from IVO and IVP embryos using small amplified RNA (SAR)-SAGE. Whole-cell RNA from pools of Day 6 in vivo-(IVO) and in vitro-produced (IVP) blastocysts was used to construct SAR-SAGE libraries. Sequence analysis of the IVO and IVP libraries yielded a total of 98,771 and 98,408 tags, respectively. A total of 20,029 and 23,453 unique putative transcripts were detected in the IVO and IVP libraries, respectively. Statistical analyses of SAGE tag frequencies between the IVO and IVP libraries indicated that 938 and 193 tags were differentially expressed at a P < 0.05 and P < 0.001 level of significance, respectively. Tentative annotation of the differentially expressed SAGE tags was determined using BLAST sequence alignment with the TIGR porcine specific gene index (SSGI) and cross-species alignment using RepeatMasker to determine homologous human orthologs. Annotated tags were categorized into functional groupings according to gene ontology annotations. Real-time PCR was used to confirm differential expression for several transcripts from IVO and IVP blastocysts. These results demonstrate compromised gene expression from IVP blastocysts compared with IVO blastocysts for a number of biological processes including cellular metabolism, organization and response to stress; thereby providing potential target pathways for improvement of IVP methods. Keywords: Comparative (in vivo- vs. in vitro-produced porcine embryos) Whole-cell RNA from pools of Day 6 in vivo- and in vitro-produced blastocysts was used to construct small amplified RNA (SAR)-SAGE libraries.
Project description:The primary goal of this project is to monitor host global gene expression patterns in response to viral infection in the shrimp, Litopenaeus stylirostris. Specific Pathogen Free (SPF) L. stylirostris were obtained from High Health Aquaculture (Honolulu, Hawaii) and kept in environmentally controlled tanks. For control, animals were injected with saline (30 ul) between the second and third tergal plates of the lateral side of the tail using a 1 ml tuberculin syringe. Infected individuals were inoculated with homogenate created from IHHNV infected shrimp tissue. After 24 hours, the shrimp were sacrificed and tissue was collected from the ventral and flash frozen in liquid nitrogen and stored in the -80 ºC freezer. Libraries of sequence tags were generated via the Long-SAGE kit (Invitrogen®, Carlsbad, CA) until the ditag PCR preparation step and directly pyrosequenced by 454 Roche.