Expression data from hBMSCs cultured on PLLA nanofibers
ABSTRACT: Nanotopographic cues from biomaterials exert powerful effects on the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells because of their niche-mimicking features. However, the biological mechanisms underlying cell lineage determination by surface nanotopography have not been clearly elucidated. Here, we explored the osteogenic behavior of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) on PLLA nanofibers with different orientations, and monitored the dynamic changes in global gene expression triggered by topographical cues. The global gene expression of hBMSCs cultured on random and aligned nanofibers and induced with osteogenic supplement (OS) were analysed using microarray company with control at 4, 7, 14 and 21 days.
Project description:Microarray analysis was used to evaluate expression differences from a single donor human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) as a function of varied polymer-based tissue engineering scaffolds. These scaffolds include polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers (PCL_NF), films (PCL_SC), poly D,L-lactic acid (PDLLA) nanofibers (PDLLA_NF), films (PDLLA_SC), tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS) and TCPS with osteogenic supplements (TCPS_OS). The results revealed that scaffold structure was able to significantly affect gene expression, with nanofiber scaffolds inducing similar gene expression patterns to hBMCSs cultured with osteogenic media. A library of scaffolds prepared from polycaprolactone or poly D,L-lactic acid was sythesized and cultured with hBMSCs for 14 days with RNA extracted from cells on Day 1 and Day 14. Gene expression analysis was performed using BRB ArrayTools. SC = spun coat, BNF = big nanofiber, TCPS = tissue culture polystyrene, TCPS+OS = tissue culture polystyrene with osteogenic supplements. This data forms is part of a pending publication: Baker et al. Ontology Analysis of Global Gene Expression Differences of Human Bone Marrow Stromal Cells Cultured on 3D Scaffolds or 2D Films and is a subset of the 72 array data referenced in ( Kumar et al. The determination of stem cell fate by 3D scaffold structures through the control of cell shape, Biomaterials (2011) 32, 9188-9196.) The 72 array data set is submitted separately to GEO as GSE50743.
Project description:Microarray analysis was used to evaluate expression differences from a single donor human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) as a function of varied polymer-based tissue engineering scaffolds. The results revealed that gene expression patterns of hBMSCs grouped according to scaffold. A library of scaffolds prepared from polycaprolactone (PCL) or poly D,L-lactic acid (PDLLA) was sythesized and cultured with hBMSCs for 14 days with RNA extracted from cells on Day 1 and Day 14. Gene expression analysis was performed using BRB ArrayTools. GF = gas foam, SC = spun coat, BNF = big nanofiber, SNF = small nanofiber, FFF = free-form fabricated, TCPS = tissue culture polystyrene, TCPS+OS = tissue culture polystyrene with osteogenic supplements. The 72 arrays data was used previously in the publication: Kumar et al. The determination of stem cell fate by 3D scaffold structures through the control of cell shape, Biomaterials (2011) 32, 9188-9196. A companion data set of 24 arrays was submitted separately to GEO as GSE50744 and will be referenced to Baker et al. Ontology Analysis of Global Gene Expression Differences of Human Bone Marrow Stromal Cells Cultured on 3D Scaffolds or 2D Films
Project description:The in vitro osteogenic differentiation of hAEC, hAFSC and hBMSC have been reported.The final tissue-forming potential of all three cell types may vary in terms of different anatomical origin and molecular response to osteogenic induction. We used microarrays to detail the global genes expression profiles of hAEC, hAFSC and hBMSC before and after osteogenic induction in vitro. Global gene expression profiles of hAECs, hBMSCs and hAFMSCs were evaluated before and after 7-day osteogenic induction in vitro. Samples were subjected to gene expression analysis using the Affymetrix human HTA2.0 microarray.
Project description:Surface topography impacts on cell growth and differentiation, but it is not trivial to generate defined surface structures and to assess the relevance of specific topographic parameters. In this study, we have systematically compared in vitro differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on a variety of groove/ridge structures. Micro- and nano-patterns were generated in polyimide using reactive ion etching or multi beam laser interference, respectively. These structures affected cell spreading and orientation of human MSCs, which was also reflected in focal adhesions morphology and size. Time-lapse demonstrated directed migration parallel to the nano-patterns. Overall, surface patterns clearly enhanced differentiation of MSCs towards specific lineages: 15 um ridges increased adipogenic differentiation whereas 2 um ridges enhanced osteogenic differentiation. Notably, nano-patterns with a periodicity of 650 nm increased differentiation towards both osteogenic and adipogenic lineages. However, in absence of differentiation media surface structures did neither induce differentiation, nor lineage-specific gene expression changes. Furthermore, nanostructures did not affect the YAP/TAZ complex, which is activated by substrate stiffness. Our results provide further insight into how structuring of tailored biomaterials and implant interfaces - e.g. by multi beam laser interference in sub-micrometer scale - do not induce differentiation of MSCs per se, but support their directed differentiation.
Project description:Mesenchymal Stem Cells have been seeded on calcium based biomaterials. Gene expression is evaluated at day 0 (unseeded cells), day 5, and day 10, in order to study differential expressions at different time points and infer if biomaterial induced gene expression variation able to differentiate stem cells towards the osteoblasts lineage.
Project description:Mesenchymal Stem Cells have been seeded on calcium based biomaterials. miRNA expression is evaluated at day 0 (unseeded cells), day 5, and day 10, in order to study miRNA differential expressions at different time points and infer if biomaterial induced miRNA expression variation able to differentiate stem cells towards the osteoblasts lineage.
Project description:To assess further the role of CYN in relation to integument morphogenesis, gametophytic cell fate specification, embryogenesis and endosperm development, we compared the expression profiles between the cyn mutant and wild-type at two different stages(before flowering and 5 days after pollination stage) of ovule development by microarray analysis. Specifically, we confirmed significant changes of up- or down-regulation in some genes required for several biological processes, such as auxin efflux & polarity & cell differentiation, flower and embryonic development, signal transduction.These results supported that MADS protein CYN could function both as a transcriptional activator and repressor, directly and/or indirectly interacted with dozens of potential target genes (including MADS or non-MADS transcription factors) involved in developmental and hormonal pathways. Three independent biological replicates of cyn mutant and wild-type panicle mRNA at two different stages of ovule development were used for microarray experiments. To perform microarray analysis, the samples were pooled by 20 panicles from 10 individual plants at before flowering and 5 days after pollination stage.
Project description:Matrix elasticity influences differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) but it is unclear if these effects are only transient - while the cells reside on the substrate - or if they reflect persistent lineage commitment. In this study, MSCs were continuously culture-expanded in parallel either on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) gels of different elasticity or on tissue culture plastic (TCP) to compare impact on replicative senescence, in vitro differentiation, gene expression, and DNA methylation (DNAm) profiles. The maximal number of cumulative population doublings was not affected by matrix elasticity. Differentiation towards adipogenic and osteogenic lineage was increased on soft and rigid biomaterials, respectively - but this propensity was no more evident if cells were transferred to TCP. Global gene expression profiles and DNAm profiles revealed relatively few differences in MSCs cultured on soft or rigid matrices. Furthermore, only moderate DNAm changes were observed upon culture on very soft hydrogels of human platelet lysate. Our results support the notion that matrix elasticity influences cellular differentiation while the cells are organized on the substrate, but it does not have major impact on cell-intrinsic lineage determination, replicative senescence or DNAm patterns. MSCs cultivated either on polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) gels of different elasticity or on tissue culture plastic (TCP) to compare impact on gene expression profiles.
Project description:Osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) may potentially be used in cell-based bone tissue-engineering applications to enhance the bone-forming potential of these cells. Osteogenic differentiation and adipogenic differentiation are thought to be mutually exclusive, and although several signaling pathways and cues that induce osteogenic or adipogenic differentiation, respectively, have been identified, there is no general consensus on how to optimally differentiate hMSCs into the osteogenic lineage. Some pathways have also been reported to be involved in both adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation, as for example, the protein kinase A (PKA) pathway, and the aim of this study was to investigate the role of cAMP/PKA signaling in differentiation of hMSCs in more detail. We show that activation of this pathway with dibutyryl-cAMP results in enhanced alkaline phosphatase expression, whereas another cAMP analog induces adipogenesis in long-term mineralization cultures. Adipogenic differentiation, induced by 8-bromo-cAMP, was accompanied by stronger PKA activity and higher expression of cAMP-responsive genes, suggesting that stronger activation correlates with adipogenic differentiation. In addition, a whole-genome expression analysis showed an increase in expression of adipogenic genes in 8-br-cAMP-treated cells. Furthermore, by means of quantitative polymerase chain reaction, we show differences in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma activation, either alone or in combination with dexamethasone, thus demonstrating differential effects of the PKA pathway, most likely depending on its mode of activation.
Project description:We used microarrays to detail the gene expression profiles of KYSE410 cell line to identify distinct up and down-regulated genes during treatment with cisplatin. KYSE410 cell line were treated with 20 nM YM155 for 6 hrs and selected for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to gene expression profiles of KYSE 410 cell line treated with cisplatin.