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After demyelination in the adult CNS, oligodendrocyte precursor cells revert to an immature mRNA profile and express immune cues favoring their migration

ABSTRACT: In multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental models of demyelination, myelin repair is mostly achieved by oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs). To gain insight into the biological specificity of these adult precursors, in the perspective to better understand why remyelination often fails in MS, we performed a micro-array analysis on purified populations of murine OPCs and oligodendrocytes. We demonstrated that, in a control environment, “quiescent” adult OPCs are more mature than neonatal OPCs, with a mRNA profile closer to oligodendrocytes. However, when demyelination occurs, adult OPCs revert to an immature gene expression profile, acquiring higher migration and faster differentiation capacities. Among the many genes differentially regulated by these “activated” adult OPCs, genes of the innate immune response, IL1β and CCL2 were strongly upregulated after demyelination, with increased protein expression in experimental demyelinating lesions and within MS plaques. We first showed in vitro that both IL1β and CCL2 “account” for increased migration capacities of adult OPCs, an effect that is suppressed by corresponding receptor blockade. Focusing on Ccl2, we then demonstrated that lentiviral over-expression of Ccl2 increases motility of “quiescent” adult OPCs, which become as mobile as “activated” adult OPCs. This in vitro gain of function was further confirmed in vivo, by showing an increased migration of grafted CG4 oligodendroglial cells over-expressing-Ccl2. These results, demonstrating that “activated” adult OPCs upregulate immune cues favouring their migration, open new perspective of demyelination-induced immune-glial interactions, which might influence both oligodendroglial and inflammatory cells, therefore play a key role in lesion fate in multiple sclerosis. In this study, we loaded purified population of progenitors of oligodendrocytes (OPCs) (from neonatal, 2-month-old, 2-month-old and cuprizone-treated brains) and of mature oligodendrocytes (OLs) (2-month-old brains) and compared their gene expression. We compared gene expression of neonatal OPCs, adult OPCs, adult OLs and adult OPCs from control conditions and from demyelinating conditions, using 3 to 4 independant replicates in each group.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Matthew Trotter   Robin Franklin  Luce Dauphinot  Catherine Lubetzki  Sarah Moyon  Jeffrey Huang  Anne L Debussy  Stéphane M Parsadaniantz  Marie S Aigrot 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-48872 | ArrayExpress | 2014-11-06



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