Genomics

Dataset Information

297

Ontogeny, distribution and potential roles of hydroxymethylcytosine in human liver function


ABSTRACT: Background: Interindividual differences in liver functions such as protein synthesis, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism and drug metabolism are influenced by epigenetic factors. The role of the epigenetic machinery in such processes has, however, been barely investigated. 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) is a recently re-discovered epigenetic DNA modification that plays an important role in the control of gene expression. Results: In this study, we investigate 5hmC occurrence and genomic distribution in 8 fetal and 7 adult human liver samples in relation to ontogeny and function. LC-MS analysis shows that in the adult liver samples 5hmc comprises up to 1% of the total cytosine content, whereas in all fetal livers it is below 0.125%. Immunohistostaining of liver sections with a polyclonal anti-5hmC antibody shows that 5hmC is detected in most of the hepatocytes. Genome-wide mapping of the distribution of 5hmC in human liver samples by next-generation sequencing shows significant differences between fetal and adult livers. In adult livers, 5hmC occupancy is overrepresented in genes involved in active catabolic and metabolic processes, whereas 5hmC elements which are found in genes exclusively in fetal livers and disappear in the adult state, are more specific to pathways for differentiation and development. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that 5-hydroxymethylcytosine plays an important role in the development and function of the human liver and might be an important determinant for development of liver diseases as well as of the interindividual differences in drug metabolism and toxicity. 8 fetal and 7 adult human liver samples

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Mart Kals   Magnus Ingelman-Sundberg  Marina Kacevska  Maxim Ivanov  Isabel Barragan  Andres Metspalu  Kie Kasuga  Lili Milani  Anders Rane 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-49291 | ArrayExpress | 2013-07-29

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE49291SRP028280PRJNA213533

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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