Sex-biased expression profile of Schistosoma mansoni microRNAs
ABSTRACT: Schistosoma mansoni is a dioecious species, that is, it has two differentiated sexes. Interestingly, this sexual species evolved from a hermaphrodite ancestor. Indeed, most Platyhelminthes are hermaphrodites. Here we characterize the microRNAs of S. mansoni and quantify their differential expression between males and females. Mice were infected with Schistosoma mansoni 1-2 weeks prior to dissection. RNA from two independent samples were extracted and sequenced with Illumina MiSeq technology and AB SOLiD 4 technology. Reads were mapped to the reference genome and microRNA detected and analyzed.
Project description:RNAseq experiments to identify gene expression changes following gamma irradiation Adult male Schistosoma mansoni (strain: NMRI) were subjected to 200 Gy of gamma irradiation and cultured in vitro for 48hr hours. After 48hr germ line tissues were removed and RNA was extracted from remaining somatic tissues. Samples were processed for RNAseq using Illumina procedures.
Project description:Schistosomes infect more than 200 million of the world's poorest people. These parasites live in the vasculature, producing eggs that spur a variety of chronic, potentially life-threatening, pathologies exacerbated by the long lifespan of schistosomes, that can thrive in the host for decades. How schistosomes maintain their longevity in this immunologically hostile environment is unknown. Here, we demonstrate that somatic stem cells in Schistosoma mansoni are biased towards generating a population of cells expressing factors associated exclusively with the schistosome host-parasite interface, a structure called the tegument. We show cells expressing these tegumental factors are short-lived and rapidly turned over. We suggest that stem cell-driven renewal of this tegumental lineage represents an important strategy for parasite survival in the context of the host vasculature.
Project description:The body’s defense against schistosome infection can take many forms. For example, upon developing acute schistosomiasis, patients often have fever coinciding with larval maturation, migration and early oviposition. As the infection becomes established, the parasite comes under oxidative stress generated by the host immune system. The most common treatment for schistosomiasis is the anti-helmenthic drug praziquantel. Its effectiveness, however, is limited due to its inability to kill schistosomes 2 - 4 weeks post-infection. Clearly there is a need for new anti-schistosomal drugs. We hypothesize that gene products expressed as part of a protective response against heat and/or oxidative stress are potential therapeutic targets for future drug development. Using a 12,166 element oligonucleotide microarray to characterize Schistosoma mansoni genes induced by heat and oxidative stress we found that 1,878 Schistosoma mansoni elements were significantly induced by heat stress. These included previously reported heat-shock genes expressing homologs of HSP40, HSP70 and HSP86. One thousand and one elements were induced by oxidative stress including those expressing homologs of superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and aldehyde dehydrogenase. Seventy-two elements were common to both stressors that could potentially be exploited in the development of novel anti-schistosomal therapeutics. Keywords: Stress response, time course Eight samples performed in duplicate for each temperature and oxidative stresses at time points 0, 30, 60, and 240 min over a common reference sample for each stress
Project description:Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been characterized from many species of parasitic helminths, and recent experimental evidence supports important functions for their cargo in host-parasite relationships. Here, we carried out a detailed proteomic analysis of two populations of EVs – exosome like vesicles (ELVs) and microvesicles (MVs) – from Schistosoma mansoni. We profiled the proteins present in these EVs (including external trypsin-liberated peptides, cargo proteins, integral membrane proteins (IMPs) and peripheral membrane proteins (PMPs) using LC-MS/MS.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of TGF-beta treated Schistosoma mansoni adult worms vs. Non-treated Schistosoma mansoni adult worms Overall design: Two conditions (treated vs. Non-treated) with three biological samples of treated worms (TGF1, 4 and 5) and two biological samples of non-treated worms that were pooled into a single sample (pool). For each sample (three treated or polled non-treated) were performed four technical replicas
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of TGF-beta treated Schistosoma mansoni adult worms vs. Non-treated Schistosoma mansoni adult worms Two conditions (treated vs. Non-treated) with three biological samples of treated worms (TGF1, 4 and 5) and two biological samples of non-treated worms that were pooled into a single sample (pool). For each sample (three treated or polled non-treated) were performed four technical replicas
Project description:Schistosomiasis is one of the most socioeconomically harmful neglected tropical diseases in the world. It occurs following infection from parasites of the Schistosoma genus, such as Schistosoma mansoni, which must transition within a molluscan and mammalian host to survive. Previous chemical analyses of schistosome-molluscan interactions indicate that schistosomes orientate towards potential hosts partially through chemosensation, displaying a preference for naïve (uninfected) hosts. Recent advances in proteomic techniques enable sophisticated comparative analyses between infected and naïve snail host proteins. This study aimed to compare the snail-conditioned water (SCW) released by F1 resistant, infected and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata to identify potential attractants and deterrents.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling using two subsequent developmental stages of Schistosoma mansoni (Egg vs. Miracidium; Cercaria vs. 7-days-old Schistosomulum; 7-days-old Schistosomulum vs. Adult worms Overall design: Two conditions experiment; Developmental Stage 1 vs. Developmental Stage 2