Project description:We report that knockdown of the lncRNA RMST changes the chromatin binding profile of the transcription factor SOX2. Examination of SOX2 chromatin binding profile under normal and RMST-depleted conditions in differentiating neural stem cells.
Project description:Here we show that T-box proteins team up with chromatin modifying enzymes to drive the expression of the key lineage regulator, Eomes during endodermal differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells. The Eomes locus is maintained in a transcriptionally poised configuration in ES cells. During early differentiation steps, the ES cell factor Tbx3 associates with the histone demethylase Jmjd3 at the enhancer element of the Eomes locus to allow enhancer-promoter interactions. This spatial reorganization of the chromatin primes the cells to respond to Activin signaling, which promotes the binding of Jmjd3 and Eomes to its own bivalent promoter region to further stimulate Eomes expression in a positive feedback loop. Examination of the binding of pluripotency factors to mouse embryonic stem cells and embryoid bodies
Project description:The spliced variant forms of androgen receptor (AR-Vs) have been identified recently in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) cell lines and clinical samples. Here we identified the cistrome and transcriptome landscape of AR-Vs in CRPC cell lines and determine the clinical significance of AR variants regulated gene.The AR variants binding sites can be identified in 22Rv1 cell line in the absence of androgen. Knocking down full-length AR (AR-FL) doesn't affect AR-Vs binding sites in genome-wide. A set of genes were identified to be regulated uniquely by AR-Vs, but not by AR-FL in androgen-depleted condition. Integrated analysis showed that some genes may be modulated by AR-Vs directly. Unsupervised clustering analysis demonstrated that AR variants gene signature can separate not only the benign and malignant prostate tissue, but also the localized prostate cancer and metastatic CRPC specimens. Some genes modulated uniquely by AR variants were also identified to correlate with the Gleason Pattern of prostate cancer and PSA failure. We conclude that AR spliced variants bind to DNA independent of full-length AR, and can modulate a unique set of genes which is not regulated by full-length AR in the absence of androgen. AR variants gene signature correlate with CRPC and prostate cnacer disease progress. Androgen receptor (AR) binding sites in human prostate cancer 22Rv1 cell lines were studied using ChIP-seq. ChIP enriched and input DNA were sequenced using Illumina HiSeq 2000.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE28006: The pioneer factor PBX1 guides a distinct ERa signaling in breast cancer [mRNA profiling] GSE28007: The pioneer factor PBX1 guides a distinct ERa signaling in breast cancer [ChIP-seq] Refer to individual Series
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE33495: Disrupted transcripitonal network in ΔNp63 AEC tissue model [gene expression] GSE33571: Disrupted transcriptional network in ΔNp63 AEC tissue model [ChIP-Seq] Refer to individual Series
Project description:Androgen receptor (AR) is required for castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) progression, but the function and disease relevance of AR-bound enhancers remain poorly understood. Here, we identify a group of AR-regulated enhancer RNAs (e.g. PSA eRNA) that are upregulated in CRPC cells, patient-derived xenografts (PDX) and patient tissues. PSA eRNA binds to CYCLIN T1, activates P-TEFb and promotes in cis and trans gene transcription by increasing serine-2 phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II (Pol II-Ser2p). To avoid the total Pol II changing by PSA eRNA. We measured the total Pol II using N20 and 8WG16 antibodies with or without PSA eRNA knocking down. To avoid the AR binding changes by PSA eRNA, we also measured the AR binding using AR N20 antibodies with or without PSA eRNA knocking down. Androgen receptor (AR) binding sites in human prostate cancer cell lines, C4-2, were studied using ChIP-seq. Total Pol II Ser-2p and AR binding sites in human prostate cancer cell lines C4-2 with or without PSA eRNA knockdown, were studied using ChIP-seq. ChIP enriched DNA were sequenced using Illumina HiSeq 2500and input DNA were sequenced using Illumina HiSeq 2000.
Project description:Normal brain function critically depends on the interaction between highly specialized neurons that operate within anatomically and functionally distinct brain regions. The fidelity of neuronal specification is contingent upon the robustness of the transcriptional program that supports the neuron type-specific patterns of gene expression. Changes in neuron type-specific gene expression are commonly associated with neurodegenerative disorders including Huntington’s and Alzheimer’s disease. The neuronal specification is driven by gene expression programs that are established during early stages of neuronal development and remain in place in the adult brain. Here we show that the Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2), which supports neuron specification during early differentiation, contributes to the suppression of the transcription program that can be detrimental for the adult neuron function. We show that PRC2 deficiency in adult striatal neurons and in cerebellar Purkinje cells impairs the maintenance of neuron-type specific gene expression. The deficiency in PRC2 has a direct impact on a selected group of genes that is dominated by self-regulating transcription factors normally suppressed in these neurons. The age-dependent progressive transcriptional changes in PRC2-deficient neurons are associated with impaired neuronal function and survival and lead to the development of fatal neurodegenerative disorders in mice. Medium Spiny neuronal nuclei were isolated from adult mouse striata via NeuN-specific Flourescence Activated Nuclei Sorting.
Project description:Castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is a lethal disease. Sustained aberrant activation of androgen receptor (AR) becomes a central mechanism that contributes to endocrine therapy resistance. Here, we demonstrate that AR-bound enhancer RNAs (AR-eRNAs), including eRNA of the KLK3 (or PSA) gene, are upregulated in human CRPC cells and patient tissues. By enhancing C-termine domain (CTD) serine-2 phosphorylation of RNA polymerase II (Pol II-Ser2p), PSA eRNA acts in cis to promote PSA mRNA transcription and in trans to induce mRNA expression of a large set of genes involved in androgen action, cell cycle progression and tumorgenesis. Accordingly, we demonstrate that PSA eRNA binds in vitro and in vivo to CYCLIN T1, a regulatory subunit of the positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) complex that mediates Pol II-Ser2p. To identify the PSA eRNA’s functions on the Pol II-Ser2p and CYCLINT1 in the CRPC C4-2 cells, we detected the Pol II-Ser2p and CYCLINT1 ChIP-seq with or without PSA eRNA knockdown in the C4-2 cells. Moreover, to rule out the AR binding changes and identify the AR binding sites around the new genes, we detected the AR ChIP-seq in LNCaP and C4-2 cells with or without the androgen. Androgen receptor (AR) binding sites in human prostate cancer cell lines, LNCaP and C4-2, were studied using ChIP-seq. Pol II Ser-2p and CYCLINT1 binding sites in human prostate cancer cell lines C4-2 with or without PSA eRNA knockdown, were studied using ChIP-seq. ChIP enriched and input DNA were sequenced using Illumina HiSeq 2000.