Expression data from five primary human glioblastomas (frozen surgical resection) and one non-neoplastic adult brain (frozen autopsy tissue)
ABSTRACT: DNA hypomethylation could lead to activation of alternate promoters in GBM. We profiled DNA methylation and H3K4me3 genome-wide, and also performed expression and copy number analysis on the same samples In this dataset, we include all expression data obtained for five GBMs and one normal brain. We identified loci with concurrent DNA hypomethylation and H3K4me3 in GBM, and analyzed expression of the nearest gene in the same sample using these data Six total samples were analyzed. Each GBM sample was compared to normal brain to obtain expression changes
Project description:A collection of 100 ovarian cancer sample gene expression data from Singapore. Frozen archival epithelial ovarian cancer tumors samples from Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, National University of Singapore dated from 2006 to 2014 were collected and subjected to microarray analysis.
Project description:Variation in individuals' adaptive immune response is believed to influence susceptibility to complex diseases in humans. The genetic basis of such variation is poorly understood. We measured gene expression from resting and activated CD4+ T cells derived from the peripheral blood of healthy individuals. We activated the primary T cells with anti-CD3/CD28 beads. We collected peripheral blood from each human donor. We isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells by Ficoll, and negatively selected for CD4+ T cells using RosettaSep. We then either left cells unstimulated or stimulated them with beads conjugated with anti-CD3 and anti-CD28. Cells from 15 individuals were harvested at up to 3 time points (0hr, 4hr or 48hr), lysed and RNA isolated to be profiled on microarray.
Project description:Variation in individuals' adaptive immune response is believed to influence susceptibility to complex diseases in humans. The genetic basis of such variation is poorly understood. We measured gene expression from resting and activated CD4+ T cells derived from the peripheral blood of healthy individuals. We activated the primary T cells with anti-CD3/CD28 beads alone or with IFNb or Th17 polarizing cytokines. We collected peripheral blood from each human donor. We isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells by Ficoll, and negatively selected for CD4+ T cells using RosettaSep. We then either left cells unstimulated or stimulated them with beads conjugated with anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 either without additional cytokines, or with IFNb, or with Th17 cocktail. Cells were harvest at up to 8 time points (0hr, 45min, 2hr, 4hr, 10hr, 24hr, 48hr and 72hr), lysed and RNA isolated to be profiled on microarray.
Project description:Variation in individuals' responses to environmental factors is believed to influence susceptibility to complex diseases in humans. The genetic basis of such variation is poorly understood. We measured gene expression from resting and stimulated dendritic cells (DCs) derived from the peripheral blood of healthy individuals. We stimulated the primary DCs with E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or influenza virus. Using serial replicate samples, we selected genes that showed evidence of reproducibility within the serial replicates. We collected peripheral blood from each human donor. We isolated peripheral blood mononuclear cells by Ficoll, and magnetically sorted them for CD14+CD16- monocytes. We then differentiated the monocytes into monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDCs) by culturing the cells for 7 days with GM-CSF and IL-4. We stimulated the cells with E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 5 hr or influenza (PR8 dNS1) for 10 hr. Finally, we lysed the cells and isolated total RNA for microarray.
Project description:G9a is able to silence gene expression in hypoxic condition by increasing histone H3K9me2. We have identified a set of genes that are negatively regulated by G9a in hypoxia-dependent manner. In this dataset, we include the expression data obtained from MCF7 breast epithelial cells that have been transfected with control (WT) or G9a shRNAs (KD) and exposed to either normoxia or hypoxia. These data are used to obtain 829 genes that are differentially expressed in response to hypoxia, and 205 genes that are sentisive to G9a level. 4 samples were analysed. We generated comparisons between WT and KD in normoxic as well as hypoxic condition. Genes differentially expressed in hypoxic condition were selected followed by selection of genes that lose this differential expression upon G9a knockdown.
Project description:The CD44hi compartment in human breast cancer is enriched in tumor-initiating cells, however the functional heterogeneity within this subpopulation remains poorly defined. From a human breast cancer cell line with a known bi-lineage phenotype we have isolated and cloned CD44hi populations that exhibited mesenchymal/Basal B and luminal/Basal A features, respectively:CD44+/CD24-,Basal B (G4, H6) cells and CD44hi/CD24lo epithelioid Basal A (A4, AB) cells. Seven replicates of A4, seven replicates of G4, three replicates of AB, three replicates of H6
Project description:Although information on the molecular pathogenesis of Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia (WM) has greatly improved in recent years, the exact cellular origin and the mechanisms behind WM transformation from IgM MGUS remain undetermined. Here, we undertook an integrative phenotypic, molecular and genomic approach to study clonal B-cells from newly-diagnosed patients with IgM MGUS (n=22), smoldering (n=17), and symptomatic WM (n=10). Through principal-component-analysis of multidimensional flow cytometry data, we demonstrated overlapping phenotypic profiles between clonal B-cells from IgM MGUS, smoldering and symptomatic WM patients. Similarly, virtually no genes were significantly deregulated between FACS-sorted clonal B-cells from the three disease stages. Interestingly, while the transcriptome of the Waldenström’s clone was highly deregulated as compared to CD25-CD22+ normal B-cells, significantly less genes were differentially expressed and specific WM pathways down-regulated while comparing the transcriptome of the Waldenström’s clone vs. its normal phenotypic counterpart: CD25+CD22+dim B-cells. The frequency of specific copy number abnormalities [+4, del(6q23.3-6q25.3), +12, and +18q11-18q23] progressively increased from IgM MGUS and smoldering WM vs. symptomatic WM (18% vs. 20% and 73%, respectively; P =.008), suggesting a multistep transformation of clonal B-cells that albeit benign (i.e.: IgM MGUS and smoldering WM), already harbor the phenotypic and molecular signatures of the malignant Waldenström’s clone. Normal bone marrow CD25+ B-cells, Clonal B-Cells from IgM Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance, and Clonal B-Cells from Waldenström's Macroglobulinemia
Project description:Immunoglobulin light-chain amyloidosis (AL) is a rare clonal plasma cell (PC) disorder that remains largely incurable. AL and multiple myeloma (MM) share the same cellular origin, but while knowledge about MM PC biology has improved significantly, the same does not apply for AL. Here, we undertook an integrative phenotypic, molecular, and genomic approach to study clonal PCs from 22 newly-diagnosed AL patients. Through principal-component-analysis, we demonstrated highly overlapping phenotypic profiles between AL and MGUS or MM patients. However, in contrast to MM, highly-purified FACSs-sorted clonal PCs in AL (n=9/22) show virtually normal transcriptomes with only 68 deregulated genes as compared to normal PCs, including a few tumor suppressor (CDH1, RCAN) and pro-apoptotic (GLIPR1, FAS) genes. Notwithstanding, clonal PCs in AL (n=11/22) were genomically unstable with a median of 9 copy-number-abnormities (CNAs) per case; many of which similar to those found in MM. Whole-exome sequencing (WES) was performed in three AL patients and revealed a median of 10 non-recurrent mutations per case. Altogether, we showed that although clonal PCs in AL display phenotypic and CNA profiles similar to MM, their transcriptome is remarkably similar to that of normal PCs. First-ever WES revealed the lack of a unifying mutation in AL A total of 22 patients with confirmed diagnosis of AL based on the presence of amyloid-related systemic syndrome, positive amyloid tissue staining with Congo red, and evidence of PC clonality were studied. Samples were collected after informed consent was given, in accordance with local ethical committee guidelines and the Helsinki Declaration. GEP was performed in 9/22 AL cases with adequate RNA extracted from FACS-purified clonal PCs according to patient-specific aberrant phenotypes, and compared to that of normal PCs from 5 healthy individuals (FACSAriaIIb, BDB; ≥95% purity). RNA was hybridized to the Human Gene 1.0 ST Array (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA, USA) and normalization was carried using the expression console (Affymetrix) with the RMA algorithm which includes background correction, normalization and calculation of expression values (log2). Differentially expressed genes between classes were identified using the Significant Analysis of Microarrays (SAM) algorithm (http://www-stat.standford.edu/-tibs/SAM), and significant genes were selected based on the lowest q-value (<10-5).