Genes regulated by miR-127-3p in glioblastoma cell line
ABSTRACT: Overexpression of miR-127-3p in LN229 glioblastoma cells promotes their migration and invasion in vitro and in vivo in xenograft models. We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression in miR-127-3p overexpression LN229 cells compared with mock overexpression LN229 cells MiR-127-3p overexpression LN229 cells and and mock overexpression LN229 cells were cultured in DMEM cell culture media for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to obtain the genes regulated by miR-127-3p in glioblastoma cell lines.
Project description:'MicroRNA (miRNA) is a type of non-coding RNA that regulates the expression of its target genes by interacting with the complementary sequence of the target mRNA molecules. Recent evidence has shown that genotoxic stress induces miRNA expression, but the target genes involved and role in cellular responses remain unclear. We examined the role of miRNA in the cellular response to X-ray irradiation by studying the expression profiles of radio-responsive miRNAs and their target genes in cultured human cell lines. We found that expression of miR-574-3p was induced in the lung cancer cell line A549 by X-ray irradiation. Overexpression of miR-574-3p caused delayed growth in A549 cells. A predicted target site was detected in the 3''-untranslated region of the enhancer of the rudimentary homolog (ERH) gene, and transfected cells showed an interaction between the luciferase reporter containing the target sequences and miR-574-3p. Overexpression of miR-574-3p suppressed ERH protein production and delayed cell growth. This delay was confirmed by knockdown of ERH expression. Our study suggests that miR-574-3p may contribute to the regulation of the cell cycle in response to X-ray irradiation via suppression of ERH protein production. mRNA expression were compared between the A549 cell overexpressing a radio-responsive miRNA and in the A549 cells suppressing the miRNA. Five miRNAs (miR-181d, miR-565, miR-574-3p, miR-629* and miR-766) were examined. Microarray experiments were performed with triplicate for each experiment.'
Project description:Primary cilium serves as a cellular “antenna” to sense environmental signals. Ciliogenesis requires the removal of CP110 to convert the mother centriole into the basal body. Actin dynamics is also critical for cilia formation. How these distinct processes are properly regulated remains unknown. Here we show that miR-129-3p, a microRNA conserved in the vertebrates, controlled cilia assembly by down-regulating both CP110 and four proteins critical for actin dynamics, Arp2, Toca1, abLIM1, and abLIM3. Consistently, blocking miR-129-3p repressed cilia formation in cultured mammalian cells, whereas its overexpression potently induced ciliogenesis in proliferating cells and extraordinary cilia elongation. Moreover, inhibition of miR-129-3p in zebrafish embryos suppressed cilia assembly in the Kupffer’s vesicle and pronephric duct, leading to developmental abnormalities including curved body, pericardial oedema, and randomised left-right patterning. Our results thus unravel a novel mechanism that orchestrates both the centriole-to-basal body transition and subsequent cilia assembly via microRNA-mediated posttranscriptional regulations. We want to find the targets of miR-129-3p by overexpressing miR-129-3p oligo or control oligo in hTERT-RPE1 cells. Through microarray analysis we could check the downregulated genes and these genes might be the targets of miR-129-3p. RPE1 cells were transfected with control (Ctrl) or miR-129-3p (M129) oligo for 72h, and harvested for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. Two samples: RPE1-Ctrl, RPE1-M129
Project description:Analysis of changes in gene expression after transfection with miR-552-3p or miR-608 mimic in A549 cells Total RNA was obtained from A549 cells transfected with miR-552-3p or miR-608 or negative control mimic, and gene expression was compared using microarrays.
Project description:Overexpression of SOX4 in LN229 glioblastoma cells prevents their cell cycle We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression in SOX4 overexpression LN229 cells compared with mock control LN229 cells SOX4 overexpression LN229 cells and and control LN229 cells were cultured in DMEM cell culture media for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to obtain the genes regulated by SOX4 in glioblastoma cell lines.
Project description:Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a diverse category of transcripts with poor conservation and have expanded greatly in primates, particularly in their brain. We identified a lncRNA, which has acquired 16 microRNA response elements (MREs) for miR-143-3p in the Catarrhini branch of primates. This lncRNA termed LncND (neuro-development) gets expressed in neural progenitor cells and then declines in mature neurons. Binding and release of miR-143-3p, by LncND, can control the expression of Notch. Its expression is highest in radial glia cells in the ventricular and outer subventricular zones of human fetal brain. Down-regulation of LncND in neuroblastoma cells reduced cell proliferation and induced neuronal differentiation, an effect phenocopied by miR-143-3p over-expression and supported by RNA-seq analysis. These findings support a role for LncND in miRNA-mediated regulation of Notch signaling in the expansion of the neural progenitor pool of primates and hence contributing to the rapid growth of the cerebral cortex. SHSY5Y cells treated either with miR-143-3p mimic or 100 nM of siRNA specific for LncND were sequenced on NextSeq500 platform. Scrambled siRNA or miRNA sequences were used as a negative control.
Project description:To identify target genes of miR-142-5p and miR-130a-3p that are involved in M2 polarization, we examined the mRNA expression profile changes after altering miR-142-5p or miR-130a-3p expression in IL-4-treated macrophages. Macrophages were transfected with control ASO, miR-142-5p ASO, control mimics or miR-130-3p mimics using lentiviral vectors. After 24 hr, the cells were treated with IL-4 for 24h.mRNA was purified from total RNA after removal of rRNA (mRNA-ONLY™ Eukaryotic mRNA Isolation Kit, Epicentre). Then, each sample was amplified and transcribed into fluorescent cRNA along the entire length of the transcripts without 3’ bias utilizing a random priming method. The labeled cRNAs were hybridized onto the Human RNA Array v2.0 (8 x 60K, Arraystar). After having washed the slides, the arrays were scanned by the Agilent Scanner G2505B.
Project description:PolyA, Position, Profiling (3P-seq) for mouse tissues and cell lines There is no biological replicates. For six mouse tissues, 3P-seq libraries were constructed in wild-type and miR-22 knockout mouse.
Project description:We intended to investigate effects of mmu-miR-15a-3p on gene expression in mice We used microarrays to compare gene expression in mouse B/CMBA.Ov cell lines transfected with mmu-miR-15a-3p and negative control mimic
Project description:The transition of the endothelium to a pro-inflammatory state is key to progression of chronic inflammatory diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, chronic bowel disease and atherosclerosis. In atherosclerosis it is hypothesized that low density lipoproteins (LDL) that become trapped in the intima of the blood vessels are oxidized to minimally modified LDL (mmLDL) and that these serve as an important contributing factors to endothelial dysfunction. Oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine (OX-PAPC), a model of the active phospholipid components of mmLDL affects the expression of hundreds of genes involved in inflammatory and other biological processes in human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). We hypothesized that microRNAs (miRNAs) partially regulate this response. Using next generation sequencing, we identified miR-21-3p and miR-27a-5p to be induced 4-fold and 3-fold, respectively in response to OX-PAPC treatment compared to control treatment in HAECs. To identify the targets, we performed whole genome transcript profiling following transient over-expression of these two miRNAs followed by. In total, 1254 genes were down-regulated with 925 of them overlapping between the two miRNAs. Functional enrichment analysis using Gene Ontology predicted that the two miRNAs were involved in the regulation of NF-κB signaling. We characterized the Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain-containing adaptor protein TICAM2 as a direct target of miR-21-3p and miR-27a-5p. Furthermore, we showed that over-expression of miR-21-3p and miR-27a-5p lead to decreased p65 translocation to the nucleus and decreased the expression of known NF-κB downstream target genes confirming both miRNAs’ role in negatively regulating NF-κB signaling in endothelial cells. mRNA expression profiling of human aortic endothelial cells from two separate donors that were transfected with 1 nM microRNA mimics and negative control. The miRIDIAN mimics used were miR-21-3p (Catalog Number:C-301023-01-0005), miR-27a-5p (Catalog No: C-301028-01-0005), negative control (Catalog No: CN-001000-01-05)