Genomics

Dataset Information

297

Genome-wide maps of histone modification in WT and MLL4-/- during brown preadipocyte differentiation


ABSTRACT: Enhancers play a central role in cell-type-specific gene expression and are marked by H3K4me1/2. Active enhancers are further marked by H3K27ac. However, the methyltransferases responsible for the deposition of H3K4me1/2 on enhancers remain elusive. Furthermore, the functions of these methyltransferases on enhancers and associated cell-type-specific gene expression are poorly understood. Here, we identify MLL4 (KMT2D) as a major H3K4 mono- and di-methyltransferase in mammalian cells. Using adipogenesis and myogenesis as model systems, we show that MLL4 exhibits cell-type- and differentiation-stage-specific genomic binding and is predominantly localized on enhancers. MLL4 co-localizes with lineage-determining transcription factors (TFs) on active enhancers during differentiation. Deletion of MLL4 dramatically decreases H3K4me1/2 and H3K27ac on enhancers and leads to severe defects in cell-type-specific gene expression and cell differentiation. Finally, we provide evidence that lineage-determining TFs recruit and require MLL4 to establish enhancers critical for cell-type-specific gene expression. Together, these results identify MLL4 as an H3K4 mono-/di-methyltransferase required for enhancer activation during cell differentiation. ChIP-Seq analyses of histone modifications (H3K4me1, H3K4me2, H3K4me3, and H3K27ac) at D0 (day 0) and D2 (day 2) of adipogenesis in WT (MLL3-/-) and MLL4 KO (MLL3-/-;MLL4-/-) brown preadipocytes.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Weiqun Peng   Kai Ge  Shiliyang Xu  Chaochen Wang  Ji-Eun Lee 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-50417 | ArrayExpress | 2013-12-17

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP029298GSE50417PRJNA217452

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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