Transcription profiling by array of stem cells isolated from non-small cell lung cancer cell lines (NCI-H2170 and A549) and normal lung epithelial cell line (PHBEC)
ABSTRACT: This study was designed to understand the transcriptomic composition and the biological functions of cancer stem cells isolated from non-small cell lung cancer line (NSCLC) Putative lung cancer stem cells were isolated from cancer cell lines based on expression of known stem cell surface markers: CD166, CD44 and EpCAM using the Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorter (FACS). Affymetrix microarray were performed on cancer stem cells isolated from normal lung epithelial cells and lung cancer cell lines (A549 and NCI-H2170) using GeneChip Human Gene 1.0 ST array. The normal putative stem cells isolated from normal primary human bronchial/trachial epithelial cell line (PHBEC) was serve as control. Putative cancer stem cells isolated from A549 and NCI-H2170 cell lines are the treatment group. Each sample was performed in triplicate and total number of samples are five (n=5)
Project description:This study was designed to understand the transcriptomic composition and the biological functions of cancer stem cells isolated from non-small cell lung cancer line (NSCLC) Putative lung cancer stem cells were isolated from cancer cell lines based on expression of known stem cell surface markers: CD166, CD44 and EpCAM using the Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorter (FACS). Affymetrix microarray were performed on cancer stem cells isolated from normal lung epithelial cells and lung cancer cell lines (A549 and NCI-H2170) using GeneChip Human Gene 1.0 ST array. The normal putative stem cells isolated from normal primary human bronchial/trachial epithelial cell line (PHBEC) was serve as control. Putative cancer stem cells isolated from A549 and NCI-H2170 cell lines are the treatment group. Each sample was performed in triplicate and total number of samples are five (n=5)
Project description:The aim of our study was to evaluate gene expression of canine mammary cancer stem-like cells co-cultured with tumor associated macrophages. Two canine mammary cancer cell lines (CMT-U27 and P114) were stained using anti-Sca1 (stem cell antigen 1), anti-EpCAM (Epithelial cell adhesion molecule) and anti-CD44 antibody. The FACS analysis showed 0,02-0,05% of Sca1+/EpCAM+/CD44+ in each of the cell line. Cancer stem-like cells were collected using FACS Aria II then co-cultured with tumor associated macrophages and used for further analysis of gene expression ( using Agilent Gene Expression Hybridization Kit ). Canine mammary cancer cell lines were stained using anti-Sca1 (stem cell antigen 1), anti-EpCAM (Epithelial cell adhesion molecule) and anti-CD44 antibodies. Next using FACS Aria II and Sca1+/EpCAM+/CD44+ cells were collected and co-cultured with tumor associated macrophages. Then, total RNA was isolated and hybridized at Gene Expression microarray.
Project description:Mesenchymal stem cells are known to be recruited to the tumor and contribute to a pro-inflammatory environment. The aim of this experiment was to identify potential direct targets of hsa-miR-1246 in human bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells in the context of inflammation. For this purpose, miR-1246 mimic or miRIDIAN microRNA Mimic Negative Control #2 both purchased from GE Healthcare Dharmacon Inc. were transiently transfected with Lipofectamine® 2000 (Invitrogen AG) at a final concentration of 30nM into primary MSCs. Transfection time was 48h according to manufacturer’s protocol. Transfections were performed in biological triplicates each.
Project description:ShhCre;Mst1/2flx/flx (Mst1/2 D/D) mice were generated to conditionally delete Mst1 and Mst2 from epithelial progenitors during lung morphogenesis. Lungs from E18.5 control and Mst1/2 D/D mice were mechanically and enzymatically dissociated to generate single cell suspension. Epcam(+) cells were isolated using magnetic microbeads. Microarray analysis of mRNAs isolated from Epcam(+) epithelial cells from E18.5 control and Mst1/2 D/D mice was performed to identify transcriptional changes following deletion of the mammalian Hippo kinases (Mst1 and Mst2) from the embryonic lung. The mammalian Hippo kinases, Mst1 and Mst2, were conditionally deleted in epithelial progenitors of the developing lung using ShhCre. Epcam(+) epithelial cells were isolated from the lungs of E18.5 control and Mst1/2 deleted mice. mRNA isolated from Epcam(+) epithelial cells was analyzed by microarray.
Project description:Breast cancer is a curable disease if it is diagnosed at an early stage. However, only little options are left once the tumor is metastasized to distant organs, and more than 90% of breast cancer death is attributed to metastatic disease. The process of metastasis is highly complex and involves many steps for successful colonization of tumor cells at a target organ. According to the cancer stem cell (CSC) theory, which still remains a hypothesis, these metastatic cells must have stem cell-like capability for their self-renewal in addition to their invasive ability. Therefore, it has been predicted that a “metastatic stem cell”, which is distinct from a cancer stem cell, must exist in the primary tumor mass. To identify genes that are involved in metastasis of CSCs, we isolated CSC populations from a well-established model cell line of breast cancer, MDA-MB231, and that of highly metastatic variants, 231BoM-1833 and 231BrM-2a, using CD24, CD44 and EpCAM (ESA), which have been identified as surface markers for CSCs in breast cancers. Overall yield of CSCs from these cells ranged from 2% to 4%. We then performed global expression profile analysis for these CSCs using the Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0ST array. CSC populations (CD24-/CD44+/ESA+) from MDA-MB231, 231BoM-1833 and 231BrM-2a were isolated by magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) using specific antibodies to these surface markers. The total RNA was isolated from the CSC populations using the RNeasy RNA isolation kit (Qiagen). The RNA was then converted to cDNA and they were hybridized to the Human Gene 1.0ST chip (Affymetrix). The data was normalized using the RMA algorithm of the Expression Console software (Affymetrix). A comparison of transcriptional profiles was then performed in CSCs of highly metastatic cell lines (231BoM-1833 and 231BrM-2a) compared to the CSCs of MDA-MB-231.
Project description:The growth and progression of many cancers is thought to be driven by small subpopulations of cancer stem cells (CSC). Long-term cultures of CSC have been established to develop therapeutic strategies aimed at eradicating these tumorigenic cells. To evaluate the contribution of CSC to the progression of prostate cancer we isolated a CD44+CD24- tumor cell population from the DU145 cell line, derived from a brain metastasis of human prostate carcinoma, and established their CSC properties. The behaviour of selected CSC was then investigated with respect to the bulk DU145 cells. Interestingly, CSC were able to generate very aggressive tumors in immunodeficient mice, but this capacity was interfered by the presence of differentiated DU145 cells, resulting in the growth of scarcely aggressive tumors. To understand the influence of DU145 cells on CSC we performed co-culture experiments, demonstrating that signals released from differentiated tumor cells interfered with CSC acquisition of an aggressive phenotype. Our findings highlight that the fate of prostate CSC can be controlled by microenvironmental signals that restrain CSC from contributing to prostate cancer progression. Finally, we identified several molecules possibly involved in this cell-to-cell signaling, hypothesizing their potential value as novel prognostic markers or therapeutic targets. To investigate the cellular response involved in tumorigenesis both at the level of gene expression and at the pre-mRNA splicing level we performed a whole genome microarray analysis of two paradigmatic experimental conditions, DU145 cells and their selected CSC.
Project description:Self-renewing tumor initiating cells that are capable of differentiation and responsible for tumor growth have been isolated from cancers and cell lines. If such minor populations are associated with tumor progression, understanding molecular pathways that are required for viability and maintenance of these populations will allow to target these pathways to eradicate tumors that are resistant to existing therapies. In this study we enriched for prostate cancer progenitors (Pr. CP’s) expressing cell surface markers CD44/CD133/alpha 2 beta 1 integrin in non-adherent serum-free growth conditions maintained as spheres. Cells grown in these conditions have increased in vivo clonogenic and in vivo tumorigenic potential. microarray analysis of cells grown in sphere conditions compared with long term monolayer culture conditions revealed preferential activation of PI3K/AKT pathway in prostate cancer progenitors. PI3K p110 alpha and beta protein levels were high in sphere condition cultured cells, and PTEN knockdown lead to an increase in Pr.CP’s, and to increased clonogenic and tumorigenic potential. Inhibition of Akt1 phosphorylation target FoxO3a lead to inhibition of tumorigenic capacity in vivo for prostate cancer cells. Inhibition of PI3K activity by PI3K inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 lead to a selective inhibition of Pr.CP’s, nuclear localization of FoxO3a and increase in GADD45a in prostate cancer cells. Taken together our data strongly suggest that PTEN and PI3K/Akt pathways are critical for prostate cancer stem-like cell maintenance and targeting the PI3K signaling by selective inhibitors may give an incredible advancement in prostate cancer treatment. Experiment Overall Design: sphere and monolayer cultures from two different prostate cancer cell lines
Project description:To further elucidate the role of the intestinal stem cell marker Leucine-rich-repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (LGR5) in colorectal cancer (CRC), we exposed Lgr5-EGFP-IRES-Cre-ERT2 mice to azoxymethane/dextrane sodium sulfate (AOM/DSS) which induces inflammation-driven colon tumors. Tumors were then flow-sorted into fractions of epithelial cells that expressed high or low levels of Lgr5 and were characterized using gene expression profiling. In the AOM/DSS-induced mouse colon tumors Lgr5 high cells showed higher levels of several stem cell-associated genes and higher Wnt signaling than Lgr5 low tumor cells and Lgr5 high normal colon epithelial cells. To further elucidate the role of the intestinal stem cell marker Leucine-rich-repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (LGR5) in colorectal cancer (CRC), we transduced SW480 CRC cells with lentiviral shRNA constructs to silence LGR5 expression. This resulted in a depletion of spheres but did not affect adherently growing cells. Spheres expressed higher levels of several stem cell-associated genes than adherent cells. Notch signaling was down-regulated upon LGR5 silencing. This was confirmed by immunohistochemistry against cleaved NOTCH1. Normal mouse colons and AOM/DSS-induced mouse colon tumors were flow-sorted into Lgr5 high and low cells before gene expression was measured. Fifteen independent experiments were performed using seven individual mice for normal colons and eight for tumors. Appropriate LGR5 status was confirmed by real-time qRT-PCR before measuring silencing induced gene expression. Three independent experiments were performed for each cell fraction using separately cultured cells for each experiment.
Project description:Smoking is a significant risk factor for lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. While microRNAs are regulators of many airway gene-expression changes induced by smoking, their role in modulating changes associated with lung cancer in these cells remains unknown. Here, we use next-generation sequencing of small RNAs in the airway to identify miR-4423 as a novel primate-specific microRNA associated with lung cancer and expressed primarily in mucociliary epithelium. The endogenous expression of miR-4423 increases as bronchial epithelial cells undergo differentiation into mucociliary epithelium in vitro and its overexpression during this process causes an increase in the number of ciliated cells. Furthermore, expression of miR-4423 is reduced in most lung tumors and in cytologically normal epithelium of the mainstem bronchus of smokers with lung cancer. In addition, ectopic expression of miR-4423 in a subset of lung cancer cell lines reduces their anchorage-independent growth and significantly decreases the size of the tumors formed in a mouse xenograft model. Consistent with these phenotypes, overexpression of miR-4423 induces a differentiated-like pattern of airway epithelium gene expression and reverses the expression of many genes that are altered in lung cancer. Together, our results indicate that miR-4423 is a novel regulator of airway epithelium differentiation and that the abrogation of its function contributes to lung carcinogenesis. Small RNA expression was profiled from pooled bronchial airway epithelial cell brushings (n=3 patients/pool) obtained during bronchoscopy from healthy never (NS) and current smokers (S) and smokers with (C) and without (NC) lung cancer. MicroRNA hsa-miR-4423 was over expressed in H1299, Calu6, SW900 and H2170 lung cancer cell lines.
Project description:Current approaches to the preclinical investigation for novel cancer therapies rely heavily on the use of traditional cancer cell lines maintained in serum-containing conditions. The discrepancy between promising preclinical efficacy and clinical outcome of most novel anticancer agents emphasizes a need for developing predictive preclinical models that preserve the integrity of original patient tumors, including cancer stem cell (CSC) compartment. In this study, we isolate and characterize CSCs from a non-small cell lung cancer cell line, NCI-H1299, by selectively propagating the cells in a stem-cell culture condition. Isolated CSCs proliferated as nonadherent spheroids, displayed capacity to differentiate and self-renew and exhibited higher tumorigenic potential compared to the parental cells. The gene expression profiles of NCI-H1299 parental cells (serum-containing medium), CSCs (stem-cell medium), and xenograft tumor derived from both cell types were studied by Affymetrix array analysis