Genomics

Dataset Information

238

Specification of innate type-2 lymphocytes by the transcriptional determinant Gfi1


ABSTRACT: Innate type-2 lymphoid cells (ILC2s) function in immune responses against helminth parasites and are implicated in allergic inflammation and asthma. ILC2s are activated by the epithelial-derived cytokines IL-33 and IL-25 and are major sources of the type-2 cytokines IL-5 and IL-13. We show that the transcription factor Gfi1 promotes the generation of ILC2s and controls their responsiveness during Nippostrongylus brasiliensis infection as well as IL-33- or IL-25-instigated inflammation. Gfi1 directly activates Il1rl1, which encodes the IL-33 receptor. IL- 33 signaling upregulates Gfi1, thereby constituting a positive feedback loop that enables rapid and robust expansion of ILC2s in response to IL-33 signaling. Loss of Gfi1 in activated ILC2s results in an unusual effector state involving derepression of the IL-17 inflammatory program and co-expression of IL-13 with IL-17. ChIPseq reveals key Gfi1 targeted genes that are activated or repressed to maintain ILC2 identity. We propose that Gfi1 functions as a shared determinant within innate and adaptive immune cells to specify type-2 responses, while actively repressing the IL-17 effector state. ILC2s (~3 x 10^7 cells) were sorted from the MLN of IL-25-treated mice. Chromatin fragments bound by Gfi1 were subject to ChIP using Gfi1 antibodies and followed by high-throughput sequencing.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Aly A Khan   Aly Azeem Khan  Harinder Singh  Chauncey J Spooner 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-50806 | ArrayExpress | 2013-09-13

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE50806SRP029908PRJNA219059

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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