Project description:Pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas (PPGLs) are catecholamine-producing tumors with diverse phenotypic features reflecting mutations in numerous genes, including MYC-associated factor X (MAX). To establish whether PPGL phenotypic differences reflect a MAX-mediated mechanism and opposing influences of HIF2α and HIF1α, we combined observational investigations in PPGLs and gene-manipulation studies in two pheochromocytoma cell lines. In cell lines lacking Max, re-expression of the gene resulted in maturation of phenotypic features and decreased cell cycle progression. In cell lines lacking Hif2α, overexpression of the gene led to immature phenotypic features, failure of dexamethasone to induce differentiation and increased proliferation. HIF1α has opposing actions to HIF2α. These model systems explain the features observed in PPGLs due to mutations of MAX and other PPGL susceptibility genes. PC12 cell lines were cultured, one transfected with an emply vector (PC12wt) and the other transfected with an expression plasmid coding the MAX gene. In total four samples were hybridized, each experimental condition had two biological replicates obtained at two different cell passages (8 and 13).
Project description:Gene expression analysis of Normal CD34+ Cord Blood and UKE1 cell lines treated with hairpins targeting ASXL1. Two independent studies where 1) CD34+ cord blood from normal donors were treated with either A) GFP Vector or B) ASXL1 specific short hairpin and 2) UKE1 cell lines treated with either A) GFP Vector or B) ASXL1 specific short hairpin.
Project description:We performed poly(A)+ RNA sequencing (Illumina GAIIx) from nuclear and whole cell RNA fractions of mouse AB2.2 embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and neural progenitors (NPCs) differentiated from ESCs. We further transfected AB2.2 ESCs with control antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs), or 2 independent ASOs each targeting either PAT-14 lncRNA or Firre lncRNA for 24 hours, in 4 biological replicates each and performed poly(A)+ RNA sequencing (Illumina HiSeq 2000).
Project description:The near-normalization of constitutive cytokine and matrix release following rescue by HPS1 transduction of HPM cells suggests that HPS-1 HuMCs may contribute to pulmonary fibrosis and constitute a target for therapeutic intervention. Microarray analysis of HPS-1 HuMCs and non-transduced HPM cells confirmed upregulation of differentially expressed genes involved in fibrogenesis and degranulation. Six HPS-1 patients and five healthy controls were studied following informed consent. One typical HPS-1 HuMC culture at 5-6 weeks was eventually overgrown by a population of smaller, rapidly dividing cells. Analysis of differential gene expression from 8 wk old control and HPS-1 HuMCs and HPM cells was performed using cDNA generated from cultured cells.
Project description:We identified that miR-1 is silenced in association with CpG island hypermethylation in a colorectal cancer (CRC) cell line, HCT116. To determine whether miR-1 serves as a tumor suppressor in CRC, we transfected CRC cell lines with a miR-1 precursor molecule or a negative control, and carried then out a series of MTT assays. Forty-eight hours after transfection, we observed that ectopic expression of miR-1 moderately suppressed growth in all three cell lines. To further clarify the effect of the miRNA, we next performed gene expression microarray analysis in HCT116 cells transfected with a miR-1 precursor molecule or a negative control. We found that 2769 probe sets were downregulated (> 1.5-fold) by ectopic miR-1 expression, and gene ontology analysis revealed that “extracellular regions”, “membrane” and “response to wound healing” genes were significantly enriched among the downregulated genes. HCT116 cells were transfected with a Pre-miR-1 miRNA Precursor Molecule (Ambion) or Pre-miR miRNA Molecules Negative Control #1 (Ambion). Forty-eight hours after transfection, total RNA extraction were carried out, and gene expression signatures were analyzed.
Project description:CHD8, encoding Chromodomain helicase DNA binding protein 8, is a top autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) risk gene. To better understanding the molecular links between CHD8 functions and ASD, we have applied the CRISPR/Cas9 technology to knockout one copy of CHD8 in induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to mimic the loss of function status that would exist in the developing human embryo prior to neuronal differentiation. Transcriptome profiling (RNA-seq) in neural progenitors and early differentiating neurons revealed that CHD8 hemizygosity (CHD8+/-) affected the expression of several thousands of genes, enriched for functions of neural development, β-catenin/Wnt signaling, extracellular matrix, and skeletal system development. Moreover, CHD8 regulates multiple genes implicated in ASD, schizophrenia and genes associated with brain volume. iPSCs derived from a healthy subject were transduced with CRISPR/Cas9 vectors with single guide RNA sequences to target the N-terminal of CHD8 protein to generate truncated mutation seach of the two target sequences. Two clones, one with a 2-bp (KO1) and the other with a 10-bp (KO2) heterozygous deletion were found.The CHD8+/- iPSC lines were used to generate NPCs and early differentiating neurons for RNA-seq analysis, together with samples prepared from the parental clones, for a total of 8 samples (two biological replicates of wild-type (WT) and CHD8+/- at two neurodevelopmental stages).
Project description:To clarify the effect of miRNAs, we carried out a gene expression microarray analysis using GIST-T1 cells transfected with a miR-335 mimic or a negative control. We found that 1,095 probe sets (853 unique genes) were downregulated (>1.5-fold) by ectopic miR-335 expression. GIST-T1 cells were transfected with a mirVana miR-335 mimic (Ambion) or a mirVana miRNA mimic Negative Control #1 (Ambion). Forty-eight hours after transfection, total RNA extraction was carried out, and gene expression signatures were analyzed.
Project description:To clarify the effect of miRNAs, we carried out a gene expression microarray analysis using GIST-T1 cells transfected with a miR-34a mimic or a negative control. We found that 2,621 probe sets (1,933 unique genes) were downregulated (>1.5-fold) by ectopic miR-34a expression, including PDGFRA gene which was previously reported as a miR-34a target gene. GIST-T1 cells were transfected with a mirVana miR-34a mimic (Ambion) or mirVana miRNA mimic Negative Control #1 (Ambion). Forty-eight hours after transfection, total RNA extraction was carried out, and gene expression signatures were analyzed.