The gene expression profiling of human Glioblastoma multiforme and normal brain tissues
ABSTRACT: We used microarrays to investigate the whole genome gene expression level changes of LncRNAs in human Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and normal brain tissues, and try to find out some LncRNA associated with the tumorigenesis of GBM. The human LncRNA microarray analysis of 9 samples (5 GBM and 4 normal brain tissues) were completed. Total RNA from each sample was quantified and RNA integrity was assessed using standard denaturing agarose gel electrophoresis. Total RNA of each sample was used for labeling and array hybridization. Array scanning using the Agilent Scanner G250C. Scanned images were then imported into NimbleScan software (version 2.5) for expression data analysis. Differentially expressed LncRNAs were filtered out for further study.
Project description:Three experiments, corresponding to the three figures in the article, are represented in this set. Each experiment was an ex vivo treatment time course as described in the paper. For each of the experiments, mRNA was isolated at the indicated time points, cDNA was directly prepared by reverse transcription in the presence of Cy5-labeled dUTP, and the expression profiled using Cy3-labeled cDNA prepared by reverse transcription of Stratagene Universal Human Reference RNA as a control. One experiment, corresponding to Figure 1 in the paper, is a set of infection, or mock-infection time courses, in which each of three cell types: primary human dermal fibroblasts, primary human macrophages, or HELA cells were respectively infected with Monkeypox virus, Vaccinia virus, or Ebola virus, or mock-infected. Infected cells or mock-infected cells were harvested and lysed at the indicated times after infection and mRNA isolated for analysis following the protocol described above. The second experiment, corresponding to Figure 2 in the paper, is a set of treatments of human dermal fibroblasts, each in 24-well plates with either: PBS only (mock), interferon alpha (IFN-alpha) at 0.6 pM final concentration (Sigma, St. Louis, MO), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) at 0.6 pM final concentration (Sigma), PMA at 25ng/mL final concentration plus ionomycin at 1micromolar final concentration, polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid as potassium salt (poly(I-C)) at 100 microg/mL final concentration (Sigma), Escherichia coli 055:B5 lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at 1microg/mL final concentration (Sigma), or dexamethasone at 1 micromolar final concentration (Sigma). Cells were harvested and lysed at the indicated times and mRNA isolated for analysis following the protocol described above. The third experiment, corresponding to Figure 3 in the paper, is a set of infections or mock-infections of human dermal fibroblasts, or human primary macrophages, with Monkeypox virus or Vaccinia virus, respectively, followed by treatment with either ionomycin + phorbol myristic acid (PMA) or with poly(I-C). The intention of the experiment was to investigate whether prior infection altered the response of the cells to the chemical agents. Cells were harvested and lysed at the indicated times and mRNA isolated for analysis following the protocol described above. Description of sample characteristics: Time: Time after infection or Mock infection Infection: Ebola-Zaire/killed Monkeypox Virus/Mock infection/Monkaypox Virus/None/Pre infection/Vaccinia NY/Vaccinia WR Compound Based Treatment: Dexamethasone/Interferon-alpha/Ionomycin + PMA/LPS/PBS/polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid/TNF-alpha Cell Type: Primary Human Dermal Fibroblast/Primary Human Macrophage/HeLa Figure in article: Numbers group slides that are represented in the same figure of the article. A stimulus or stress experiment design type is where that tests response of an organism(s) to stress/stimulus. e.g. osmotic stress, behavioral treatment
Project description:Macrophage activation during the innate immune response is tightly regulated to prevent tissue damage while activating the defense to cellular attack. Using a mouse model where Trim33 is specifically deleted in mature myeloid cells, we show that TRIM33 is essential for two aspects of the inflammatory response in vivo. Loss of TRIM33 attenuates the initiation of macrophage activation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and TRIM33 is necessary to switch off transcription of inflammatory genes during late stages of LPS activation. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled to deep sequencing, we provide a link between TRIM33 binding, RNA Polymerase II occupancy and H3K4me3 spreading on inflammatory genes in macrophages and reveal novel insights concerning the transcriptional regulation of Ifn-beta where TRIM33 exerts a repressive function via a distal regulatory region during late stages of LPS activation of macrophages. These findings pinpoint TRIM33 as a major regulator of the resolution of inflammation and indicate that transcriptional regulators can fine-tune H3K4me3 spreading. To study the role of TRIM33 in the transcriptional response induced by pathogen receptors, we analyzed whether lack of TRIM33 in macrophages affected the TLR-mediated regulation of proinflammatory and antimicrobial genes. To study this role, we bred TRIM33fl/fl mice with Lyz-Cre mice (obtained from The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine, USA) where the Cre recombinase gene is under the regulatory sequences of the Lyz gene that is expressed only in mature myeloid cells. Bone marrow cells from 2 LyzCre/Trim33+/+ mice and 2 LyzCre/Trim33flox/flox mice were then differentiated in macrophages and treated during 0h, 4h, 12h and 24h with LPS. Total RNA was extracted from macrophages and analysed using cDNA microarrays. The set of gene expression consists of 16 samples of RNA of bone marrow derived macrophages activated with 100ng/ml of LPS during 0h, 4h, 12h, 24h, 8 samples from 2 LyzCre/Trim33+/+ mice and 8 samples from 2 LyzCre/Trim33flox/flox mice.
Project description:Gene expression array analysis on a series of ten different histological special types of invasive breast carcinomas (tubular, micropapillary, mucinous A, mucinous B, endocrine, apocrine, metaplastic, medullary, adenoid cystic, invasive ductal carcinoma with osteoclastic giant cells) and invasive lobular carcinoma.<br><br>Note: this experiment was reloaded into ArrayExpress in August 2010 to include mappings between raw and processed data files. It now includes additional dye-swap combined normalized data files.
Project description:Comparision of gene expression profiles of intestine, kidney and liver tissues of adult male knock-out mice for all Cyp3a genes (Cyp3a-/- genotype) versus adult male wild-type control mice (FVB genotype).
Project description:Local heart irradiation of 2, 8 or 16 Gy to ApoE-/- mice and follow up tp 20 and 40 weeks. Th goal of this study is to understand microvascular alterations of radiation-induced cardiactoxicity.