Expression profiling of murine MYCN-driven neuroblastomas from LSL-MYCN; Dbh-iCre mice.
ABSTRACT: Amplification of MYCN is the most prominent genetic marker of high-stage neuroblastoma, a childhood tumor originating from the neural crest. We generated a transgenic mouse with Cre-conditional induction of MYCN in dopamine beta hydroxylase expressing cells that develops murine neuroblastomas. The expression profiles of six tumors from adrenals and two tumors from superial cervical gangliae were compared to three non-malignant adrenals from wildtype mice. These profiles of adrenals have been previously described (Molenaar et al., Nature Genetics 2012). Wild type samples are accessible at the AMC webpage: http://hgserver1.amc.nl/cgi-bin/r2/main.cgi, and accessible for registered users.
Project description:MYCN overexpression is a hallmark of many tumors originating from neural cell precursors. We generated a transgenic mouse with Cre-conditional induction of MYCN in glial fibre acidic protein (GFAP) expressing cells resulting in the development of neuroendocrine tumors of the pancreas and the brain. The expression profiles of nine tumors from pancreas and three brain tumors were compared to non-malignant pancreas controls (GSM771025.CEL-GSM771027.CEL) from wildtype mice Expression profiles of tumors and controls were analysed using GSEA and ANOVA.
Project description:To evaluate the expression of genes associated with MYCN in NB, 10 tumors with MYCN amplification and 10 with normal MYCN copy number were subjected to oligonucleotide microarray using Agilent oligo microarray chips. Two-condition experiment, MYCN normal vs. MYCN amplified 10 NB patient tissues for each group.
Project description:BACKGROUND Focal high-level amplifications of MYC define a subset of high-risk medulloblastoma patients. However, the prognostic role of MYCN oncogene amplification remains less clear. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of this alteration alone and in combination with biological modifiers in a large cohort of 67 pediatric medulloblastomas with MYCN amplification (MYCN-MB). METHODS Twenty-one MYCN-MB with MYCN amplication and 56 MYCN-MB were respectively examined using either gene expression profiling and array-CGH, or immunohistochemical analysis and FISH. All 67 tumors were further subject to mutational analyses. Semi non-negative matrix factorization–based and unsupervised hierarchical clustering methods were used to identify biological groups. We compared molecular, clinical, and prognostic characteristics both within biological MYCN-MB groups and with non-amplified tumors. RESULTS Transcriptomic analysis of this large cohort of MYCN-MBs demonstrated a significant enrichment of MYCN-MB in the SHH and group D variants. Further substantiating this biological dichotomy of MYCN-MB, respective group affiliations were also accompanied by variant-specific cytogenetic aberrations including deletion of 9q in the SHH variant, and gain of 7q and isochromosome 17q/17q gain in MYCN-MBs clustering with group D tumors. Among clinically relevant variables, SHH subtype and 10q loss for Non-SHH tumors comprised the most powerful markers of favorable prognosis in MYCN-MB. CONCLUSION We demonstrate considerable heterogeneity within MYCN-MB in terms of genetics, tumor biology, and clinical outcome. Thus, assessment of disease group and 10q copy-number status may improve risk stratification of this group and may delineate MYCN-MB with the same dismal prognosis as MYC amplified tumors. Furthermore, based on the enrichment of MYCN and GLI2 amplifications in SHH-driven medulloblastoma, amplification of these downstream signaling intermediates should be excluded before a patient is enrolled into a clinical trial using a Smoothened inhibitor. Overall design: Fresh frozen tumor material was collected during tumor resection. Gene expression profiles illustrate distinct expression pattern at diagnosis. This submission represents the gene expression component of the study only
Project description:Neuroblastoma is the most common extra-cranial malignancy in childhood and accounts for approximately 15% of childhood cancer deaths. Amplification of N-Myc in neuroblastoma is associated with aggressive disease and predicts for poor prognosis. Novel therapeutic approaches are therefore essential to improving patient outcomes in this setting. The histone deacetylases are known to interact with N-Myc and regulate numerous cellular processes, including differentiation in neuroblastoma. We therefore investigated the antitumor activity of the histone deacetylase inhibitor, panobinostat in the setting of N-Myc amplified neuroblastoma using the TH-MYCN murine model. Continuous treatment of tumor bearing TH-MYCN transgenic mice with panobinostat for 9 weeks led to a significant improvement in survival as compared to mice treated with vehicle, or continuous treatment with panobinostat for a three week period. Panobinostat induced rapid tumor regression with no regrowth observed during the treatment period. Tumor response was associated with an initial apoptosis phenotype mediated via up-regulation of BMF and BIM. When treated was stopped at three weeks 100% of mice relapsed with aggressive neuroblastoma. Differentiation of neuroblastoma into benign ganglioneuroma, with a characteristic increase in S100 expression and reduction of N-Myc expression, was observed in mice treated for nine weeks, resulting in a sustained remission on 90% of mice treated. RNA-sequencing analysis of tumors from treated animals confirmed significant up-regulation of gene pathways associated with apoptosis and differentiation as early as 24 hours after treatment. Together our data demonstrate the potential of panobinostat as a therapeutic strategy for high-risk neuroblastoma patients. Eight homozygous TH-MYCN mice bearing neuroblastomas were treated with either 5mg/kg panobinostat (4 animals) or vehicle (4 animals) for 24hr (two doses) and tumours harvested 4hr post the second dose.
Project description:The ALK^F1174L mutation is associated with intrinsic and acquired resistance to crizotinib and cosegregates with MYCN in neuroblastoma. In this study, we generated a mouse model overexpressing ALK^F1174L in the neural crest. Comapred to mice expressing ALK^F1174L or MYCN alone, combined expression of the two aberrations led to development of neuroblastoma with a shorter latency and higher penetrance. Here, we evaluated the transcriptional profiles of MYCN-driven neuroblastomas with or without the expression of ALK^F1174L to determine the pathogenic consequences of the ALK^F1174L/MYCN interaction in neuroblastoma. 10 mice were analysed in this study. Five ALK^F1174L/MYCN tumors were compared with five MYCN tumors. Total RNA was extracted, samples were labeled and processed using the Agilent Low Input Quick Amp two color Cy3(sample) and Cy5 (mouse reference) labeling kit and hybridized to Agilent SurePrint G3 Mouse Gene Expression arrays.
Project description:The MYCN locus is amplified in about half of high-risk neuroblastoma tumors. To identify genomic loci occupied by MYCN protein in the MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cell lines NGP, Kelly and NB-1643, we performed chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled with Next-Generation Sequencing (ChIP-seq) using an anti-MYCN antibody. Overall design: Identification of MYCN occupancy throughout the genome of MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cells.
Project description:Activation of endogenously expressed KRas[G12D] in the pancreas of mice gives rise primarily to early stage PanIN lesions, however such lesions can occasionally progress to end-stage ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Progression of KRas[G12D]- initiated lesions to PDAC is accelerated by modest expression of MYC from the Rosa26 locus. Deletion of 1 copy of endogenous c-Myc or both copies of endogenous Zbtb17 (aka Miz1), slows progression to PDAC and extends healthful survival of Pdx1-Cre;lsl-KRas[G12D];Rosa26-lsl-MYC[DM] (KMC) mice. Tumours were removed from mice with all 4 genotypes and validated by histological examination prior to RNA-SEQ analysis.
Project description:Neuroblastoma is an embryonic tumor arising from immature sympathetic nervous system progenitor cells. MYCN and ALK are driver oncogenes both of which are specifically expressed during early neurogenesis. This is in line with the assumption that neuroblastoma arises through disruption of normal developmental processes. MYCN has a broad impact on the tumor phenotype; however, the details of the MYCN driven oncogenic program are far from clear. In order to gain further insight into the role of gene expression during neuroblastoma initiation and progression, we evaluated gene expression profiles of hyperplastic ganglia and tumors isolated from MYCN transgenic mice.