Regulation of cold-inducible gene expression by RCI1A
ABSTRACT: Characterization of RCI1A role in the control of the response to low temperature of cold induced genes. Two-condition experiment, rci1a vs. WT plants. Biological replicates: 3 aclimated and 3 control replicates.
Project description:Characterization of the lsm1a lsm1b transcriptional profile. LSM1 protein is involved in RNA decay through decapping facilitation. The performed array help us to understand the transcription level alterations produced by the absence of LSM1. One-condition experiment, Col-0 vs. lsm1a lsm1b plants. Biological replicates: 3 control replicates.
Project description:To determine whether IYO is not only necessary but also sufficient to activate transcription of developmental programs, we compared the transcriptome of shoot apices from 35S::IYO-GFP plants to that of 35S::GFP plants at the time of inflorescence emergence. Our results strongly suggest that IYO activates the transcription of key developmental regulators driving differentiation. Shoot apices RNA sample is a pool from RNAs from four independent experiments, and the RNA from each experiment was a pool of RNAs extracted from 12 individuals Arabidopsis 35S:IYO-GFP or 35S:GFP plants.
Project description:NINJA (At4g28910) and TOPLESS proteins function as negative regulators of jasmonate responses. Our results point to TPL proteins as general co-repressors that affect multiple signalling pathways through the interaction with specific adaptor proteins. This new insight reveals how stress- and growth-related signalling cascades use common molecular mechanisms to regulate gene expression in plants. Two-condition experiment, Col-0 vs. plants silencing NINJA (RNAi-NINJA) and both Col-0 vs RNAi NINJA treated with coronatine . Biological replicates: 4 control replicates untreated , 4 RNAi NINJA untreated replicates, 4 control treated replicates and 4 RNAi NINJA treated replicates
Project description:The cell cycle transcription factor E2FB has been overexpressed in tomato plants (Solanum lycopersicum cv. Micro-Tom). This overexpression accelerates plant development and increases fruit yield. Total RNA was purified from true leaves and apical meristem of 14 days-old WT or E2FB-OE seedlings.
Project description:Plant 9-lipoxygenases (9-LOX) and α-dioxygenases (α-DOX) initiate the synthesis of oxylipins after bacterial infection. Here, the role of these enzymes in plant’s defense was investigated using individual Arabidopsis thaliana lox1 and dox1 mutants and a double lox1 dox1 mutant. Studies with Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato (Pst) revealed the enhanced susceptibility of lox1 to the virulent strain Pst DC3000 and the partial impairment of lox1 and dox1 mutants to activate systemic acquired resistance. Notably, both defects were enhanced in the lox1 dox1 plants as compared with individual mutants. We found that pre-treatment with 9-LOX- and -DOX-generated oxylipins protected plant tissues against bacterial infection. The strongest effect in this respect was exerted by 9-ketooctadecatrienoic acid (9-KOT), which is produced from linolenic acid by 9-LOX. Quantification of 9-KOT revealed its accumulation after bacterial infection. The levels were reduced in lox1 and lox1 dox1 plants but strongly increased in the dox1 mutant due to metabolic interaction of the two pathways. Transcriptional analyses indicated that 9-KOT pre-treatment modifies hormone homeostasis during bacterial infection. The nature of the changes detected suggested that 9-KOT interfers the hormonal changes caused by bacterial effectors. This notion was substantiated by the finding that 9-KOT failed to reduce the growth of PstDC3000hrpA, a mutant compromised in effector secretion, and of the avirulent strain Pst DC3000 avrRpm1. Further support to the action of the 9-LOX- and -DOX-oxylipin pathways as modulators of hormone homeostasis was the observation that lox1 dox1 seedlings are hypersensitive to the growth-inhibitory effect of ABA and showed enhanced activation of ABA-inducible marker genes. Two experiments, Col-0 treated with 9-KOT vs. Col-0 treated with water and Col-0 treated with 9-KOT vs. Col-0 treated with water after treatment with Pst DC3000. Biological replicates: 4 control replicates treated , 4 9-KOT treated replicates; 4 control treated and Pst DC3000 replicates and 4 9-KOT treated and Pst DC3000 replicates
Project description:Hypersensitive response-related programmed cell death (PCD) has been extensively analyzed in various plant–virus interactions. However, little is known about changes in gene expression associated with cell death caused by compatible viruses. The synergistic interaction of Potato virus X (PVX) with Plum pox virus (PPV) results in increased symptoms that lead to systemic necrosis (SN) in Nicotiana benthamiana. Here, we performed three transcriptome comparisons in response to i) a PVX recombinant virus expressing the helper component-proteinase (HC-Pro) gene from PPV that leads to SN, ii) a systemic incompatible interaction conferred by the Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV)-resistance gene N (SHR), and iii) the depletion of the PBE subunit of the proteasome that leads to PCD by virus induced gene silencing (VIGS Prot), at early and late stages of infection. Our analysis indicated that the SN response was clustered with SHR by the similarity of their overall gene expression profiles. However, the expression profiles of defence-related and hormone-responsive genes in response to SN were more closely related to the response to VIGS Prot than to that elicited by SHR. This suggests the potential contribution of proteasome dysfunction to the increase in pathogenicity observed in PVX-potyvirus infections We compare the gene expression profiles of Nicotiana benthamiana plants infected with either necrosis-inducing viruses or non-necrosis-inducing viruses, as follow: PVX/HCWT-infected plants versus plants infected with a PVX recombinant virus expressing a PPV HC-Pro mutant (PVX/HCLH) that was unable to induce the SN response (SN comparison), at 7 and 11 days postinoculation (dpi), (ii) TRV:NbPBE-silenced plants versus plants infected with the TRV empty vector (VIGS Prot comparison), at 4 and 8 days after infiltration (dpa), and (iii) TMV-GFP-infected, N-transgenic plants versus wild-type plants infected with TMV-GFP (SHR comparison), at 24 and 72 hours after temperature shift (hts). Per time and treatment, three independent biological replicates were used to monitor differences in gene expression between treatments
Project description:Using diamagnetic levitation, we have exposed A. thaliana in vitro callus cultures to five environments with different levels of effective gravity (from levitation i.e. simulated mg* to 2g*) and magnetic fields (10.1 to 16.5 Tesla) and we have compared the results with those of similar experiments done in a Random Position Machine (simulated micro g) and a Large Diameter Centrifuge (2g) free of high magnetic fields. Microarray analysis indicates that there are changes in overall gene expression of the cultured cells exposed to these unusual environments but also that gravitational and magnetic field produce synergic variations in the steady state of the transcriptional profile of A. thaliana. Significant changes in the expression of structural, abiotic stress and secondary metabolism genes were observed into the magnet field. These results confirm that the strong magnetic field, both at micro g* or 2g*, has a significant effect on the expression of these genes but subtle gravitational effects are still observable. These subtle responses to microgravity environments are opposite to the ones observed in a hypergravity one. seven-condition experiment, MM2D Arabidopsis culture callus control vs. Treatment (altered gravity simulation, GBF). Three GBF were used (LDC (2g) + control, RPM (mg) + control and Magnet (mg*, 0.1g*, 1g*, 1.9g*, 2g*) + control). Biological replicates: 3 replicates in all conditions and controls except 1.9g* (2 replicates)
Project description:Gene Markers of Cellular Aging in Human Multipotent Stromal Cells in Culture Identifying gene markers of cellular aging as determined by cellular passaging of human multipotent stromal cells (MSCs) derived from bone marrow Repeated Measures Experiment; MSC from 6 different donors at 3 passages (passages 3, 5, & 7) with 3 technical replicates at each passage; a total of 54 microarrays
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the SubSeries listed below. Identification of genes that can predict the proliferation potential of multipotent stromal cells. Gene expression study by microarray and confirmation with RT-qPCR. Gene expression by microarray includes the 54 arrays originally present in GSE56362 and 9 additional arrays added to GSE56362 on October 23, 2015. These additional microarray datasets were completed in a randomized block design in combination with the microarray data originally present in GSE56362.