Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

115

RNA-seq of 17 breast tumor samples of three different subtypes and normal human breast organoids samples


ABSTRACT: Goal: To define the digital transcriptome of three breast cancer subtypes (TNBC, Non-TNBC, and HER2-positive) using RNA-sequencing technology. To elucidate differentially expressed known and novel transcripts, alternatively spliced genes and differential isoforms and lastly expressed variants in our dataset. Method: Dr. Suzanne Fuqua (Baylor College of Medicine) provided the human breast cancer tissue RNA samples. All of the human samples were used in accordance with the IRB procedures of Baylor College of Medicine. The breast tumour types, TNBC, Non-TNBC and HER2-positive, were classified on the basis of immunohistochemical and RT-qPCR classification. Results: Comparative transcriptomic analyses elucidated differentially expressed transcripts between the three breast cancer groups, identifying several new modulators of breast cancer. We discovered subtype specific differentially spliced genes and splice isoforms not previously recognized in human transcriptome. Further, we showed that exon skip and intron retention are predominant splice events in breast cancer. In addition, we found that differential expression of primary transcripts and promoter switching are significantly deregulated in breast cancer compared to normal breast. We also report novel expressed variants, allelic prevalence and abundance, and coexpression with other variation, and splicing signatures. Additionally we describe novel SNPs and INDELs in cancer relevant genes with no prior reported association of point mutations with cancer mRNA profiles of 17 breast tumor samples of three different subtypes (TNBC, non-TNBC and HER2-positive) and normal human breast organoids (epithelium) samples (NBS) were sequenced using Illumina HiSeq.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Rakesh Kumar  Anelia Horvath    

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-52194 | ArrayExpress | 2017-08-25

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP032789GSE52194PRJNA227137

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Publications


Breast cancer transcriptome acquires a myriad of regulation changes, and splicing is critical for the cell to "tailor-make" specific functional transcripts. We systematically revealed splicing signatures of the three most common types of breast tumors using RNA sequencing: TNBC, non-TNBC and HER2-positive breast cancer. We discovered subtype specific differentially spliced genes and splice isoforms not previously recognized in human transcriptome. Further, we showed that exon skip and intron ret  ...[more]

Publication: 1/3

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