Genome-wide transcriptional Responses to Fusarium oxysporum and Tomato mosaic virus in Tomato
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the tomato global transcriptional profiles in response to host attack by ToMV and Fol in order to identify genomic differences and similarities in incompatible interactions between a foliar and a vascular pathogen. In order to identify a set of genes of interest in tomato plants infected with F. oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (Fol) and Tomato Mosaic Virus (ToMV) a transcriptional analysis was performed. Tomato genes differentially expressed upon inoculation with Fol and ToMV were identified at 2 days post-inoculation, using an un-inoculated sample as reference.
Project description:Iron (Fe) deficiency is a yield-limiting factor for a variety of field crops across the world and generally results from the interaction of limited soil Fe bioavailability and susceptible genotype cultivation. Tomato, a Strategy I, model plant for Fe deficiency, is an important economical crop. Tomato responses in order to improve Fe uptake are based on acidification of rhizosphere, reduction of Fe3+ to Fe2+ and transport of Fe2+ into the cells. Transcriptional profile obtained by roots (27-d) of 21-d-old tomato plants starved of iron for an additional week was compared with the transcriptional profile obtained for roots (27-d) of 21-d-old tomato plants grown for an additional week at 100 μM Fe. Tomato plants were hydroponically grown in both cases. Three different biological replicates were used for each sample repeating the experiment three times. All samples were obtained pooling roots of six plants (27-d-old).
Project description:We have used cDNA-AFLP and microarray analyses to profile the response of the tomato meiotic anther transcriptome to moderate heat stress condition in Moneymaker or Falcorosso and HeatSet1 tomato genotype. Combimatrix microarray technology were applied to obtain a general overview of the gene expression in meiotic anthers of a tolerant and a sensitive tomato genotype. We analyzed three time points (0,2,and 6h) for each genotype. For each sample we performed three biological replicates.
Project description:Tomato, a Strategy I model plant for Fe deficiency, is an important economical crop. The transcriptional responses induced by Fe deficiency in tomato roots were previously described (Zamboni et al., 2012). The changes in trascriptome caused by the supply of Fe to plants starved fro 1 week were described in relation to the different nature of chelating agents (Fe-WEHS, Fe-CITRATE and Fe-PS). Transcriptional profile obtained by roots (27-d) of 21-d-old tomato plants starved of iron (0 μM Fe-EDTA) for 1 week and supplied for 1 h with 1 μM of Fe as Fe-WEHS (supply_Fe_WEHS), Fe citrate (supply_Fe_CITRATE) and Fe-PS (supply_Fe_PS). Tomato plants were hydroponically grown in all three case of Fe supply. Three different biological replicates were used for each sample repeating the experiment three times. All samples were obtained pooling roots of six plants (27-d-old).
Project description:Tomatoes are one of the valuable sources of antioxidants such as carotenes, ascorbic acid (AsA), and phenolic compounds (flavonoids and hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives). These secondary metabolites have been proved to be beneficial for humans and animals because their involvement in the prevention of many proliferative and degenerative diseases. The aim of this work is to gain greater insights in the genetic control of phenylpropanoid accumulation in tomato fruit by using genomics-based strategies. In order to identify QTLs controlling antioxidant accumulation in tomato fruit we carried out a comparative analysis of Solanum pennellii x S. lycopersicum cv. M82 introgression lines (ILs) over three year trials in greenhouse environment. Among all, IL7-3 showed higher fruit content of total phenolics and the HPLC-UV profile revealed that chlorogenic acid mainly accounted for the higher performance of this line. To investigate in details genetic mechanisms and candidate genes controlling phenols synthesis and accumulation in IL7-3 fruit we performed a comparative transcriptomic analysis in tomato pericarp. In particular, RNA was extracted from percarp of IL7-3 and M82 parental line and hybridized on a 90k Combimatrix TomatArray 1.0. The experiment was repeated over two consecutive years. The transcriptomic approach allowed to identify 291 differentially expressed transcripts, 149 showing up-rgulation and 142 down-regulation. The ethylene signaling pathway has been involved in the modulation of the level of total phenolics in ripe fruit. In particular, an Ethilene Responsive Factor 1 (ERF1) was functionally characterized by TILLING (Targeting Local Lesion IN Genomes) approach. The mutant line expressed lower accumulation of phenolics in the fruit and additional insights on the regulation of phenolics in tomato ripe fruit were provided. Comparative microarray analysis between a tomato introgression line (IL7-3) expressing higher level of fruit total phenolics and its parental cultivar M82 (reference) was performed. In particular, samples were generated by pooling red-ripe fruit from the same plant and discarding the seeds, jelly parenchyma, columella and placenta tissues. Three plant replica were used for each line (IL7-3 and M82) and the experiment was replicated over two consecutive years.
Project description:Ascorbic acid (AsA), important for plant cell protection against oxidative stresses, is useful for human health. Among vegetables, tomato is the most important specie due to its significant consumption at worldwide level. Although AsA metabolism has been characterized in detail, the genetic mechanisms controlling AsA accumulation in tomatoes are poorly understood. We used an introgression line (IL 10-1) containing a QTL inducing a reduced AsA accumulation in the fruit and carried out a comparative transcriptomic analysis in fruit tissues using a parental cultivar (M82) with normal fruit AsA levels as a reference. We identified 233 differentially expressed genes, indicating that AsA accumulation in IL 10-1 reflects modification in the peroxisomal metabolism and reduced glutathione biosynthesis. Evidences coming from the experiment suggest that the lower AsA accumulation in IL10-1 fruit is mainly achieved by increasing ROS generation through a NAD+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase and promoting an increase in aminoacid catabolism, which is driven by a stress response and may lead to lower glutathione pool. Comparative microarray analysis between a tomato introgression line (IL10-1) expressing higher level of fruit ascorbic acid and its parental cultivar M82 (reference) was performed. In particular, samples were generated by pooling red-ripe fruit from the same plant and discarding the seeds, jelly parenchyma, columella and placenta tissues. Three plant replica were used for each line (IL10-1 and M82) and the experiment was replicated over two consecutive years.
Project description:Petunia is an excellent model system, especially for genetic, physiological and molecular studies. Thus far, however, genome-wide expression analysis has been rarely applied because of the lack of sequence information. We applied next-generation sequencing to generate, through de novo read assembly, a large catalogue of transcripts for Petunia axillaris and Petunia inflata. On the basis of the transcriptome of each species, comprehensive microarray chips for gene expression analysis were established and used for the analysis of global- and organ-specific gene expression in both species. In addition, microarray analysis was applied to explore the molecular basis of the seed coat defects in Petunia hybrida mutants, homozygous for a null allele of the AN11 gene, encoding a WDR transcription regulator. Among the transcripts differentially expressed in an11 seeds compared to wild type, many expected targets of AN11 were found but also several interesting new candidates that might play a role in morphogenesis of the seed coat. Our results validate the combination of next-generation sequencing with microarray analyses strategies to identify the transcriptome of two petunia species without previous knowledge of their genome, and to develop comprehensive chips as useful tools for the analysis of gene expression in P. axillaris, P. inflata and P. hybrida. The manuscript describes the creation by next generation sequencing of a large catalogue of the transcriptome of the two Petunia species, that are considered to represent the natural material from which the breeders selected their varieties. This submission represents the transcriptome component of study. The high throughput sequencing data were submitted to SRA (accession numbers: SRA027293, SRP004866.1, SRX036999.2, SRX036998.2).
Project description:In dairy ruminants transcriptome profiling has enabled the identification of genes, pathways and regulatory networks activated in mammary tissues during experimental infection by various pathogens, including E. coli, S. aureus and S. uberis. Information in goats are still low and many host-pathogen interaction mechanisms have to be explained. The objectives of the present study were (1) to identify the network of genes that becomes activated in caprine blood and milk somatic cells in early response towards a S. aureus challenge in order to better understand the local and sistemic response and (2) to search any difference in this immune response by using two animal groups belonging to a caprine reference family established based on founders with adverse SCC breeding values. Udders from ten healthy French Alpine goats were infected with S. aureus and samples of blood and milk cells were collected at 0, 24 and 30 hours after infection. Alterations in the transcriptome profile were investigated using a custom bovine DNA microarray containing 43.822 unique gene probes.
Project description:To obtain insights about the roles of VvMYB5a and VvMYB5b, here we perform complementation analyses using petunia regulatory mutants impaired in pigment accumulation in flower epidermis, proven to be a valid tool for gene functional studies. We created three transgenic petunia lines overexpressing VvMYB5a, VvMYB5b and VvMYBA1 and we compared petal transcriptomes of each overexpressors with the untransformed one.
Project description:We studied the global transcription profiling of mouse upon colonization with Bifidobacterium bifidum PRL2010 by using DNA microarrays. Two groups of mice consisting each of two animals were orally inoculated with either 109 CFU of PRL2010 cells (test strain) or water (control). Animals were 3 months old female BALB/c mice. Bacterial colonization was established by five consecutive daily administrations using a micropipette tip placed immediately behind the incisors.
Project description:In this study, we investigated the transcriptome of Bifidobacterium bifidum PRL2010 during in vitro growth by micro array technology. When B. bifidum PRL2010 was grown in liquid broth, 425 of the 1644 PRL2010 genes represented on the array were expressed in at least one of the three investigated growth phases, i.e., lag-, exponential and stationary phase. These transcriptional analyses identified a core in vitro transcriptome encompassing 150 genes, which resulted expressed in all phases. A proportion of the latter genes were further investigated as potential reference genes by Quantitative Real Time PCR (qRT-PCR) assays. Their expression stability was evaluated under different growth conditions, encompassing cultivation on different carbon sources, exposure to environmental stresses (thermal, acidic and osmotic) and growth phases. Our analyses validated six reference genes suitable for normalizing mRNA expression levels in qRT-PCR experiments applied to bifidobacteria. Transcriptional profiling of B.bifidum PRL2010 at different growth phases (lag phase, early exponential phase, late exponential phase, early stationary phase).