Dataset Information


Clustering of tissue-specific sub-TADs accompanies the regulation of HoxA genes in developing limbs

ABSTRACT: HoxA genes exhibit central roles during development and causal mutations have been found in several human syndromes including limb malformation. Despite their importance, information on how these genes are regulated is lacking. Here, we report on the first identification of bona fide transcriptional enhancers controlling HoxA genes in developing limbs and show that these enhancers are grouped into distinct topological domains at the sub-megabase scale (sub-TADs). We provide evidence that target genes and regulatory elements physically interact with each other through contacts between sub-TADs rather than by the formation of discreet "DNA loops". Interestingly, there is no obvious relationship between the functional domains of the enhancers within the limb and how they are partitioned among the topological domains, suggesting that sub-TAD formation does not rely on enhancer activity. Moreover, we show that suppressing the transcriptional activity of enhancers does not abrogate their contacts with HoxA genes. Based on these data, we propose a model whereby chromatin architecture defines the functional landscapes of enhancers. From an evolutionary standpoint, our data points to the convergent evolution of HoxA and HoxD regulation in the fin-to-limb transition, one of the major morphological innovations in Vertebrates. The chromatin binding of the RNA polymerase II and the sub-unit Med12 of the Mediator complexe were analysed by ChIP-sequencing mouse distal E11.5 forelimb. This approach allowed us to identify the position of limb-specific enhancers.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Marie Kmita   Soizik Berlivet  Josée Dostie  David Langlais 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-52483 | ArrayExpress | 2013-11-19



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