Transcriptomics

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The long non-coding RNA Paupar regulates the expression of both local and distal genes [CHART-seq]


ABSTRACT: Although some long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to regulate gene expression in cis, it remains unclear whether lncRNAs can directly regulate transcription in trans by interacting with chromatin genome-wide independently of their sites of synthesis. Here, we describe the genomically local and more distal functions of Paupar, a vertebrate-conserved and central nervous system-expressed lncRNA transcribed from a locus upstream of the gene encoding the Pax6 transcription factor. Knockdown of Paupar disrupts the normal cell cycle profile of neuroblastoma cells and induces neuronal differentiation. Paupar acts in a transcript-dependent manner both locally, to regulate Pax6, as well as distally by binding and regulating genes on multiple chromosomes, in part through physical association with Pax6 protein. Paupar binding sites are enriched near promoters and can function as transcriptional regulatory elements whose activity is modulated by Paupar transcript levels. Our findings demonstrate that a lncRNA can function in trans at transcriptional regulatory elements distinct from its site of synthesis to control large-scale transcriptional programmes. The genome-wide binding profile of Paupar was determined using Capture Hybridisation Analysis of RNA Targets (CHART)-Seq technique (Simon et al, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108: 20497-20502, 2011) in N2A cells. Following the CHART-seq protocol, we used RNase H elution to recover genomic DNA associated with endogenous Paupar transcripts and genomic DNA associated with a control oligonucleotide (corresponding to the E.coli LacZ sequence). We identified Paupar binding sites in comparison both to DNA recovered using the control LacZ oligonucleotide and to an input DNA sample from N2A cells.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Sheena Lee   Peter L Oliver  Stephen N Sansom  Chris P Ponting  Sarah E Cooper  Vladislava Chalei  Stephen Sansom  Keith W Vance  Lesheng Kong 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-52570 | ArrayExpress | 2013-11-21

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE52570SRP033202PRJNA229399

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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The long non-coding RNA Paupar regulates the expression of both local and distal genes.

Vance Keith W KW   Sansom Stephen N SN   Lee Sheena S   Chalei Vladislava V   Kong Lesheng L   Cooper Sarah E SE   Oliver Peter L PL   Ponting Chris P CP  

The EMBO journal 20140201 4


Although some long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to regulate gene expression in cis, it remains unclear whether lncRNAs can directly regulate transcription in trans by interacting with chromatin genome-wide independently of their sites of synthesis. Here, we describe the genomically local and more distal functions of Paupar, a vertebrate-conserved and central nervous system-expressed lncRNA transcribed from a locus upstream of the gene encoding the PAX6 transcription factor. Knockdown  ...[more]

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