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Disruption of STAT3 signaling promotes KRAS induced lung tumorigenesis

ABSTRACT: Oncogenic STAT3 functions are known in various malignancies. We found that STAT3 plays an unexpected tumor suppressive role in KRAS-mutant non-small-cell-lung cancer (NSCLC). In mice, tissue-specific inactivation of Stat3 resulted in increased Kras (G12D)-driven NSCLC initiation and malignant progression leading to markedly reduced survival. Clinically, low STAT3 expression levels correlate with poor survival in human lung adenocarcinoma patients with smoking history. Consistently, KRAS-mutant lung tumors showed reduced STAT3 levels. Mechanistically, we show that STAT3 controls NFκB-induced IL-8-expression by sequestering NFκB in the cytoplasm while IL-8 in turn regulates myeloid tumor infiltration and tumor vascularization thereby promoting tumor progression. These results identify a novel STAT3-NFκB-IL-8 axis in KRAS-mutant NSCLC with therapeutic and prognostic relevance WT: Control lung; KRAS: Lung tumors expressing KRAS G12D; KRAS STAT3 KO: Lung tumors expressing KRAS G12D- STAT3 deficient; tumors of four mice pooled per sample

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Markus Jeitler  Beatrice Grabner   Emilio Casanova    

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-52798 | ArrayExpress | 2015-02-06



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