MUT-14 and SMUT-1 DEAD box RNA helicases have overlapping roles in germline RNAi and endogenous siRNA formation in C. elegans
ABSTRACT: This data series contains small RNA high-throughput sequencing data for each of the mutator class genes. Samples are from stage-matched adult C. elegans grown at 20˚C. Small RNAs were isolated from synchronized wild type and mutant C. elegans and subjected to Illumina HiSeq sequencing. The series contains fastq and tab-separated files for 19 libraries.
Project description:This data series contains small RNA high-throughput sequencing data for each of the mutator class genes. Samples are from stage-matched adult C. elegans grown at 20˚C. Overall design: Small RNAs were isolated from synchronized wild type and mutant C. elegans and subjected to Illumina HiSeq sequencing. The series contains fastq and tab-separated files for 19 libraries.
Project description:Argonaute-associated siRNAs and Piwi-associated piRNAs have overlapping roles in silencing mobile genetic elements in animals. In C. elegans, mutator-class (mut) genes mediate siRNA-guided repression of transposons as well as exogenous RNA-directed gene silencing (RNAi), but their roles in endogenous RNA silencing pathways are not well understood. To characterize the endogenous small RNAs dependent on mutator-class genes, small RNA populations from a null allele of mut-16, as well as a regulatory mut-16(mg461) allele that disables only somatic RNAi, were subjected to deep sequencing. Small RNA analysis in wild type and mut-16 mutant C. elegans strains
Project description:Argonaute-associated siRNAs and Piwi-associated piRNAs have overlapping roles in silencing mobile genetic elements in animals. In C. elegans, mutator-class (mut) genes mediate siRNA-guided repression of transposons as well as exogenous RNA-directed gene silencing (RNAi), but their roles in endogenous RNA silencing pathways are not well understood. To characterize the endogenous small RNAs dependent on mutator-class genes, small RNA populations from a null allele of mut-16, as well as a regulatory mut-16(mg461) allele that disables only somatic RNAi, were subjected to deep sequencing. Overall design: Small RNA analysis in wild type and mut-16 mutant C. elegans strains
Project description:To identify methylated small RNAs in C. elegans, we deep sequenced both β-eliminated and untreated small RNAs isolated from wild type C. elegans. Small RNAs were isolated from larval and adult stage C. elegans and either subjected to β-elimination or no treatment. Small RNA cDNA libraries were sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq instrument, and enrichment or depletion of small RNAs by β-elimination was assessed after library size normalization based on the number of mappable reads in each library.
Project description:This data series contains small RNA high-throughput sequencing data derived from cell lysates and FLAG::HRDE-1 immunoprecipitates (IP) after resetting RNAi in the presence or absence of piRNAs in C. elegans. Small RNAs were isolated from adult wild type and mutant or transgenic C. elegans and subjected to Illumina HiSeq sequencing. The series contains fastq and tab-separated files for 10 libraries.
Project description:RNA interference (RNAi) is a potent mechanism for down-regulating gene expression. Conserved RNAi pathway components are found in animals, plants, fungi and other eukaryotes. In C. elegans, the RNAi response is greatly amplified by the synthesis of abundant secondary siRNAs. Exogenous double stranded RNA is processed by Dicer and RDE-1/Argonaute into primary siRNA that guides target mRNA recognition. The RDE-10/RDE-11 complex and the RNA dependent RNA polymerase RRF-1 then engage the target mRNA for secondary siRNA synthesis. However, the molecular link between primary siRNA production and secondary siRNA synthesis remains largely unknown. Furthermore, it is unclear if the sub-cellular sites for target mRNA recognition and degradation coincide with sites where siRNA synthesis and amplification occur. In the C. elegans germline, cytoplasmic P granules at the nuclear pores and perinuclear Mutator foci contribute to target mRNA surveillance and siRNA amplification, respectively. We report that RDE-12, a conserved FG domain containing DEAD-box helicase, localizes in P-granules and cytoplasmic foci that are enriched in RSD-6 but are excluded from the Mutator foci. Our results suggest that RDE-12 promotes secondary siRNA synthesis by orchestrating the recruitment of RDE-10 and RRF-1 to primary siRNA targeted mRNA in distinct cytoplasmic compartments. Examination of exogenous dsRNA trigger derived siRNA in wildtype and rde-12 mutant animals
Project description:From a forward genetic screen for C. elegans genes required for RNAi, we identified rde-10 and through proteomic analysis of RDE-10-interacting proteins, we identified a protein complex containing the new RNAi factor RDE-11, the known RNAi factors RSD-2 and ERGO-1, as well as other candidate RNAi factors. The newly identified RNAi defective genes rde-10 and rde-11 encode a novel protein and a RING-type zinc finger domain protein, respectively. Mutations in rde-10 and rde-11 genes cause dosage-sensitive RNAi deficiencies: these mutants are resistant to low dosage, but sensitive to high dosage of double-stranded RNAs. We assessed the roles of rde-10, rde-11, and the dosage-sensitive RNAi defective genes rsd-2, rsd-6 and haf-6 in both exogenous and endogenous small RNA pathways using high-throughput sequencing and qRT-PCR. These genes are required for the accumulation of secondary siRNAs in both exogenous and endogenous RNAi pathways. Small RNA analysis by deep sequencing in various wild type and mutant C. elegans strains.
Project description:The Piwi-piRNA pathway represents a germline specific transposon-defense system. C. elegans Piwi, prg-1, is a non-essential gene and triggers a secondary RNAi response that depends on so-called mutator genes, endo-siRNAs (22G-RNAs) and at least one 22G-RNA-binding Argonaute protein, HRDE-1. Interestingly, through a poorly understood mechanism, silencing of PRG-1 targets can become PRG-1 independent. This state, also known as RNAe, is heritable and depends on mutator genes and HRDE-1. We studied how the transgenerational memory of RNAe and the piRNA pathway interact. We find that maternally provided PRG-1 is required for the de-novo establishment of 22G-RNA populations, especially those targeting transposons. Strikingly, attempts to re-establish 22G-RNAs in absence of both PRG-1 and RNAe memory result in severe germline proliferation defects. This is accompanied by a disturbed balance between gene-activating and -repressing 22G-RNA pathways. We propose a model in which CSR-1 prevents the loading of HRDE-1 and that both PRG-1 and HRDE-1 help to keep mutator activity focused on the proper targets. Overall design: Small RNA sequencing of C. elegans L1 and L2 larvae from wild-type and mutants with impaired endo-siRNA pathway. There are 29 samples that include wild-type controls and mutants with at least 2 biological replicates for each genetic background. Small RNA sequencing of input and HRDE-1 immunoprecipitates from wild-type and cde-1(tm1021) mutants.
Project description:Yilmaz2016 - Genome scale metabolic model -
Caenorhabditis elegans (iCEL1273)
This model is described in the article:
A Caenorhabditis elegans
Genome-Scale Metabolic Network Model.
Yilmaz LS, Walhout AJ.
Cell Syst 2016 May; 2(5): 297-311
Caenorhabditis elegans is a powerful model to study
metabolism and how it relates to nutrition, gene expression,
and life history traits. However, while numerous experimental
techniques that enable perturbation of its diet and gene
function are available, a high-quality metabolic network model
has been lacking. Here, we reconstruct an initial version of
the C. elegans metabolic network. This network model
contains 1,273 genes, 623 enzymes, and 1,985 metabolic
reactions and is referred to as iCEL1273. Using flux balance
analysis, we show that iCEL1273 is capable of representing the
conversion of bacterial biomass into C. elegans biomass
during growth and enables the predictions of gene essentiality
and other phenotypes. In addition, we demonstrate that gene
expression data can be integrated with the model by comparing
metabolic rewiring in dauer animals versus growing larvae.
iCEL1273 is available at a dedicated website
(wormflux.umassmed.edu) and will enable the unraveling of the
mechanisms by which different macro- and micronutrients
contribute to the animal's physiology.
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Project description:To characterize the role of the ERI-6/7 helicase in endogenous small RNA pathways in C. elegans, small RNA populations from null alleles of eri-6 and eri-7, and from mutants of known endogenous RNAi pathway factors, eri-1 and ergo-1, were determined by deep sequencing, and compared to wild type. Small RNA analysis in wild type and eri-1, ergo-1, eri-6 and eri-7 mutant C. elegans strains.