Gene expression study of Drechslerella stenobrocha predating Caenorhabditis elegans.
ABSTRACT: we studied the gene expression conditions while Drechslerella stenobrocha predates Caenorhabditis elegans. The perpose of this study is to find genes in Drechslerella stenobrocha participateing in predation. Examination of 3 transcriptomes in different predation periods to find their different gene expression style.
Project description:Purpose: The goal of this study was to compare gene expression in whole embryos to identify transcriptomic changes that result from maternal exposure to predation risk. Methods: Whole embryo mRNA profiles of 3 day post-fertilizationstickleback embrosof mothers exposed to simulated predation risk and control embryos were generated by RNA-sequencing of pooled embryos using Illumina Hiseq2000. The sequence reads that passed quality filters were aligned to the stickleback reference genome and analyzed at the gene level (EdgeR) and at the transcript level (Cufflinks/Cuffdiff). Subsets of embryos were also measured for embryo length and eye diameter, and data were analyzed with a general linear model (SPSS). Results: We mapped ~22 million sequence reads per sample to the stickleback reference genome (BROADS1, Ensembl database version 71.1, Feb 2006) and identified 17440 transcripts with the Tophat workflow. Differential expression analysis using both EdgeR and Cufflinks/Cuffdiff identified 455 transcripts were differentially expressed in embryos of mothers exposed to simulated predation risk as compared to control embryos, with an FDR <0.05 (Cuffdiff) or <0.10 (EdgeR). Gene ontology and pathway analysis (DAVID, IPA) of the differentially expressed gene list revealed enrichment of genes involved in growth, metabolism, neurogenesis, and epigenetics. Embryos of mothers exposed to predation risk had elevated expression of growth and metabolism genes and were also larger than control embryos, suggesting at least some of the genes differentially expressed in this study are involved in the transfer of maternal experience to offspring. Conclusions: Our results suggest that early stickleback embryos respond to maternal exposure to predation risk via changes in gene expression, and a general acceleration of the developmental program. Further study is needed to elucidate the myriad molecular interactions between genes that are differentially-regulated as a result of maternal exposure to predation risk and to understand their relationships to previously-observed maternal effects in this system. Whole embryo mRNA profiles of 3dpf stickleback embryos of mothers exposed to simulated predation risk [E] and control mothers [C] were generated by barcoded, multiplexed high-throughput RNA-sequencing on Illumina Hiseq-2000.
Project description:Purpose: The study was designed to determine expression differences in brain regions of F344 and HIV-1 Transgenic rats by using RNA-sq analysis. Methods: 144 RNA samples (2 strains, 2 treatments, 3 regions, and 12 animals per group) were analyzed. Following deep-sequencing analysis of 50-bp paired-end reads of RNA-Seq, we used Bowtie/Tophat/Cufflinks suites to align these reads into transcripts based on the Rn4 rat reference genome and to measure the relative abundance of each transcript. MATLAB was used to conduct all statistical analysis. qRT–PCR validation was performed using TaqMan and SYBR Green assays fo soem representative genes. Results: Statistical and bioinformatic analyses on each brain region in the two strains revealed that immune response- and neurotransmission-related pathways were altered in the HIV-1Tg rats, with brain region differences. Other neuronal survival-related pathways, including those encoding myelin proteins, growth factors, and translation regulators, were altered in the HIV-1Tg rats in a brain region-dependent manner. After nicotine expousure, 20% of the altered genes in the HIV-1Tg rat were affected by nicotine in each brain region, with the expression of most restored. Analysis of the restored genes showed distinct pathways corrected by nicotine in different brain regions of HIV-1Tg rats. Conclusions: The abnormal gene expression pattern discovered in HIV-1Tg rats suggest mechanisms underlying the deficits in learning and memory and vulnerability to drug addiction and other psychiatric disorders observed in HIV positive patients. The gene expression pattern in the HIV-1Tg rats after nicotine exposure indicate that cholinergic modulators such as nicotine may have beneficial effects on HIV-1-induced neurologic deficits. 144 RNA samples (2 strains, 2 treatments, 3 regions, and 12 animals per group) were analyzed.
Project description:Purpose: The goals of this study are to compare RNAs bound by DDX5 and RORgt in cultured T helper 17 cell in wildtype background. Methods: Th17 mRNA profiles of 48hrs in vitro cultured T helper 17 cells from wild-type mice were generated by deep sequencing, using Illumina HighSeq. The sequence reads that passed quality filters were analyzed at the transcript isoform level with two methods: Burrows–Wheeler Aligner (BWA) and TopHat followed by CuffDiff. qRT–PCR validation was performed using SYBR Green assays. Results: Among the 3444 RefSeq non-coding RNAs and 46449 NONCODE non-coding RNAs, 2533 were found to be expressed in Th17 cells (FPKM>1). 210 of them were enriched in DDX5 pull-down and 119 of them were enriched in RORgt pull-down. Conclusions: Our study suggest that a subset of 31 ncRNAs were co-enriched in DDX5 and RORgt pull-down. DDX5 or RORgt-associated-RNA profiles of 48hr in vitro cultured Th17 from wild type (WT) mice were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina HighSeq
Project description:The RNA samples from HT-29 (ATCC) colon cancer cell line were reverse transcribed to build cDNA libraries and categorized into 3 groups with different concentrations of 5-aza-deoxy-cytidine (5-Aza); in each group three replicative 150 mm cultures were treated with: 1) dimethyl sulfoxide (vehicle alone, 0 μM 5-Aza); 2) 5μM 5-Aza and 3) 10 μM 5-Aza; for five days. This experiment was also performed parallel on a commercial Affymetrix microarray [GSE41364] and the aim of the study was to compare the two platforms on gene expression measurements and differentially expressed gene (DEG) detection. The results showed a strong correlation between the two platforms, yet it also confirmed the existence of fixed and proportional biases on the gene expression measurements between microarray and RNA-Seq. The DEG analysis indicated the relative superiority of DESeq method in terms of its performance; high consistency was confirmed between DESeq, baySeq methods from RNA-Seq and SAM/eBayes from microarray data. Experiment on human colon cancer HT29 cell line treated with 3 concentrations of 5-aza-deoxy-cytidine
Project description:Contradictorily, both up- and downregulation of miR-25 can reverse heart failure. Importantly, these findings were based on the same animal model of pressure overloaded transverse aortic constriction (TAC) mice. How can we explain and, if possible, reconcile these two conflicting findings? Heart failure is a multi-step process that involves multiple organs, and we hypothesized that determining whether altering miR-25 alone could induce heart failure should provide a mechanistic basis for miR-25’s action in this process. Here, we show that overexpression of miR-25 in normal mice caused cardiomyocyte fibrosis and apoptosis but no obvious kidney impairment. By contrast, inhibition of miR-25 in normal mice led to hypertension, mild heart dilation, and severe kidney dysfunction. With the expectation that restoring miR-25 might ameliorate kidney injury, we demonstrated that increasing miR-25 reversed proteinuria and kidney fibrosis in diabetic nephropathy. MiR-25 expression in humans is initially decreased at the onset of heart failure but is later increased in end-stage heart failure. RNA sequencing of mouse kidneys with elevated and reduced miR-25 identified distinct alterations of a number of putative miR-25 target mRNAs, including those involved in the Ras signaling pathway, oxidant stress. In summary, differences in miR-25 expression during different stages of heart disease and its distinct roles in the heart and kidney, offer a new perspective for the role of miR-25 function in heart failure, which may begin to resolve this catch-22. Detect the mRNA alteration in wildtype and miR-25 agomir or antagomir treated mice
Project description:In this study, RNA-Seq technology was adopted to investigate the differences in expression profiles of the hepatic lipid metabolism-related genes and the associated pathways between juvenile and laying hens. RNA-Seq analysis was carried out to estimate total RNA harvested from the liver of juvenile hens (n = 3) and laying hens (n = 3). Compared with juvenile hens, 2574 differentially expressed (DE) genes (1487 down and 1087 up) with P ≤ 0.05 were obtained, and 955 of these genes were significantly DE (SDE) at a false discovery rate (FDR) of 0.05 and fold-change ≥ 2 in laying hens. There were 198 SDE novel genes (107 down-regulated and 91 up-regulated) (FDR ≤ 0.05) that were obtained from the transcriptome, and most of them were highly expressed. Moreover, 332 SDE isoforms were identified. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway analysis showed that SDE genes were significantly associated with steroid biosynthesis, PPAR signaling pathway, biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, glycerophospholipid metabolism, three amino acid pathways, and pyruvate metabolism (P ≤ 0.05). The top significantly enriched GO terms included lipid biosynthesis, cholesterol and sterol metabolic, and oxidation reduction suggesting the principal lipogenesis in the liver of laying hens. This study suggests that the major changes at the level of transcriptome in laying hen liver are closely related to fat metabolism. Some highly differentially expressed uncharacterized novel genes and alternative splicing isoforms detected might also take part in lipid metabolism, though it needs investigation. Therefore, this study provides valuable information of mRNA of chicken liver, and deeper functional investigations on the mRNAs could help explore or provide new insights into molecular networks of lipid metabolism in chicken liver. The liver expression profile of juvenile hens and laying hens were generated by RNA-seq.
Project description:Full pluripotency of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells has been determined as viable all-iPS mice can be generated through tetraploid complementation. Subsequently, activation of imprinted Dlk-Dio3 gene cluster has been suggested to correlate with the pluripotency of iPS cells1. However, evidence from recent studies has demonstrated that loss of imprinting at the Dlk-Dio3 locus did not correlate strictly with the reduced pluripotency of iPS cells. Therefore, it becomes indispensable to exploit other reliable molecular markers for evaluating the quality of iPS cells accurately. In the present study, we successfully utilize the sequential reprogramming approach and produce all-iPS mice to six generations using iPS cell lines derived from different cell lineages which contain the same proviral integration in the genome. By comparing the global gene expression and epigenetic modifications of both "tetra-on" and corresponding "tetra-off" iPS cell lines established from either mesenchymal or hematopoietic lineages through deep sequencing analysis of mRNA expression, small RNA profiling, histone modifications (H3K4m2, H3K4me3 and H3K27me3) and DNA methylation, very few differences are detected among all the iPS cell lines investigated. However, we find that two imprinted genes, disruption of which correlate with the reduced pluripotency of iPS cells. Therefore, our data not only provide the first demonstration that producing of all-iPS mice to six generations is feasible, but reveal that two imprinted regions can be served as pluripotency markers of iPS cells. Examination of the mRNA expression in 13 cell types
Project description:In order to support our research of chronic myeloid leukemia in human genome, we conducted massively parallel pyrosequencing of mRNAs (RNA-seq) using chronic myeloid leukemia blood in early disease. We obtained a total of 17.74 million read pairs from blood in early disease.The RNA-seq data derived from the sample illustrated the expreesion genes in chronic myeloid leukemia blood in early disease of human. 1 sample examined: blood in early disease.
Project description:To support our research of epigenomics in rice genome, we conducted massively parallel pyrosequencing of mRNAs (RNA-seq) using rice seedling and callus tissues. We obtained a total of 40.1 M reads from seedling and 29.6 M reads from callus.The RNA-seq data derived from the replicates showed high correlations (Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient, SC, 0.96 for seedling, 0.88 for callus). Our RNAseq data derived from the seedling also showed a high correlation with the recently published rice RNA-seq data that was also from two-week old seeding tissue (Lu et al., 2010, PMID: 20627892) (SC=0.87). Two biological replicates of each tissue was applied in RNA-seq. Each biological replicate was sequenced twice in separate lane.
Project description:The rat has been used extensively as a model for evaluating chemical toxicities and for understanding drug mechanisms. However, its transcriptome across multiple organs, or developmental stages, has not yet been reported. Here we show, as part of the SEQC consortium efforts, a comprehensive rat transcriptomic BodyMap created by performing RNASeq on 320 samples from 11 organs of both sexes of juvenile, adolescent, adult and aged Fischer 344 rats. We catalogue the expression profiles of 40,064 genes, 65,167 transcripts, 31,909 alternatively spliced transcript variants and 2,367 non-coding genes/non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) annotated in AceView. We find that organ-enriched, differentially expressed genes reflect the known organ-specific biological activities. A large number of transcripts show organ-specific, age-dependent or sex-specific differential expression patterns. We create a web-based, open-access rat BodyMap database of expression profiles with crosslinks to other widely used databases, anticipating that it will serve as a primary resource for biomedical research using the rat model. We constructed a comprehensive RNA-Seq data set for studying the dynamics of the rat transcriptome using 320 RNA samples isolated from 11 organs (adrenal gland, brain, heart, kidney, liver, lung, muscle, spleen, thymus, and testes or uterus) from both sexes of Fischer 344 rats across four developmental stages (2-, 6-, 21-, and 104-weeks-old). Four biological replicates were used for each of the 80 sample groups.