Gene expression study of Drechslerella stenobrocha predating Caenorhabditis elegans.
ABSTRACT: we studied the gene expression conditions while Drechslerella stenobrocha predates Caenorhabditis elegans. The perpose of this study is to find genes in Drechslerella stenobrocha participateing in predation. Examination of 3 transcriptomes in different predation periods to find their different gene expression style.
Project description:Purpose: The goal of this study was to compare gene expression in whole embryos to identify transcriptomic changes that result from maternal exposure to predation risk. Methods: Whole embryo mRNA profiles of 3 day post-fertilizationstickleback embrosof mothers exposed to simulated predation risk and control embryos were generated by RNA-sequencing of pooled embryos using Illumina Hiseq2000. The sequence reads that passed quality filters were aligned to the stickleback reference genome and analyzed at the gene level (EdgeR) and at the transcript level (Cufflinks/Cuffdiff). Subsets of embryos were also measured for embryo length and eye diameter, and data were analyzed with a general linear model (SPSS). Results: We mapped ~22 million sequence reads per sample to the stickleback reference genome (BROADS1, Ensembl database version 71.1, Feb 2006) and identified 17440 transcripts with the Tophat workflow. Differential expression analysis using both EdgeR and Cufflinks/Cuffdiff identified 455 transcripts were differentially expressed in embryos of mothers exposed to simulated predation risk as compared to control embryos, with an FDR <0.05 (Cuffdiff) or <0.10 (EdgeR). Gene ontology and pathway analysis (DAVID, IPA) of the differentially expressed gene list revealed enrichment of genes involved in growth, metabolism, neurogenesis, and epigenetics. Embryos of mothers exposed to predation risk had elevated expression of growth and metabolism genes and were also larger than control embryos, suggesting at least some of the genes differentially expressed in this study are involved in the transfer of maternal experience to offspring. Conclusions: Our results suggest that early stickleback embryos respond to maternal exposure to predation risk via changes in gene expression, and a general acceleration of the developmental program. Further study is needed to elucidate the myriad molecular interactions between genes that are differentially-regulated as a result of maternal exposure to predation risk and to understand their relationships to previously-observed maternal effects in this system. Whole embryo mRNA profiles of 3dpf stickleback embryos of mothers exposed to simulated predation risk [E] and control mothers [C] were generated by barcoded, multiplexed high-throughput RNA-sequencing on Illumina Hiseq-2000.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE28617: Function, targets and evolution of Caenorhabditis elegans piRNAs (small RNA-Seq) GSE37432: Function, targets and evolution of Caenorhabditis elegans piRNAs (mRNA) Refer to individual Series
Project description:This project defines the transcriptomes of XO (male) and XX (female or mutant pseudo-female) Caenorhabditis nematodes. The data allow the overall composition and sexual regulation of the transcriptome within a single species to be determined. In addition, the five related species studied allow meta-comparisons between them. Because two of the five (C. elegans and C. briggsae) produce a self-fertile XX hermaphrodite, while the XX sex in the remaining three (C. japonica, C. remanei, and C. brenneri) are true females, the data are particularly useful for inferring effects of sexual mode on genome-wide gene expression. L4 larvae and adults were pooled for each sex for five species (C. elegans, C. briggsae, C. japonica, C. brenneri, and C. remanei). Each of these 10 species-sex combinations was replicated three times, for a total of 30 samples.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE21008: Linking toxicant physiological mode of action with induced gene expression changes in Caenorhabditis elegans: atrazine GSE21010: Linking toxicant physiological mode of action with induced gene expression changes in Caenorhabditis elegans: cadmium GSE21011: Linking toxicant physiological mode of action with induced gene expression changes in Caenorhabditis elegans: fluoranthene Refer to individual Series
Project description:Purpose: The study was designed to determine expression differences in brain regions of F344 and HIV-1 Transgenic rats by using RNA-sq analysis. Methods: 144 RNA samples (2 strains, 2 treatments, 3 regions, and 12 animals per group) were analyzed. Following deep-sequencing analysis of 50-bp paired-end reads of RNA-Seq, we used Bowtie/Tophat/Cufflinks suites to align these reads into transcripts based on the Rn4 rat reference genome and to measure the relative abundance of each transcript. MATLAB was used to conduct all statistical analysis. qRT–PCR validation was performed using TaqMan and SYBR Green assays fo soem representative genes. Results: Statistical and bioinformatic analyses on each brain region in the two strains revealed that immune response- and neurotransmission-related pathways were altered in the HIV-1Tg rats, with brain region differences. Other neuronal survival-related pathways, including those encoding myelin proteins, growth factors, and translation regulators, were altered in the HIV-1Tg rats in a brain region-dependent manner. After nicotine expousure, 20% of the altered genes in the HIV-1Tg rat were affected by nicotine in each brain region, with the expression of most restored. Analysis of the restored genes showed distinct pathways corrected by nicotine in different brain regions of HIV-1Tg rats. Conclusions: The abnormal gene expression pattern discovered in HIV-1Tg rats suggest mechanisms underlying the deficits in learning and memory and vulnerability to drug addiction and other psychiatric disorders observed in HIV positive patients. The gene expression pattern in the HIV-1Tg rats after nicotine exposure indicate that cholinergic modulators such as nicotine may have beneficial effects on HIV-1-induced neurologic deficits. 144 RNA samples (2 strains, 2 treatments, 3 regions, and 12 animals per group) were analyzed.
Project description:Purpose: The goals of this study are to compare RNAs bound by DDX5 and RORgt in cultured T helper 17 cell in wildtype background. Methods: Th17 mRNA profiles of 48hrs in vitro cultured T helper 17 cells from wild-type mice were generated by deep sequencing, using Illumina HighSeq. The sequence reads that passed quality filters were analyzed at the transcript isoform level with two methods: Burrows–Wheeler Aligner (BWA) and TopHat followed by CuffDiff. qRT–PCR validation was performed using SYBR Green assays. Results: Among the 3444 RefSeq non-coding RNAs and 46449 NONCODE non-coding RNAs, 2533 were found to be expressed in Th17 cells (FPKM>1). 210 of them were enriched in DDX5 pull-down and 119 of them were enriched in RORgt pull-down. Conclusions: Our study suggest that a subset of 31 ncRNAs were co-enriched in DDX5 and RORgt pull-down. DDX5 or RORgt-associated-RNA profiles of 48hr in vitro cultured Th17 from wild type (WT) mice were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina HighSeq
Project description:The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans contains each of the broad classes of eukaryotic small RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs), endogenous small-interfering RNAs (endo-siRNAs) and piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs). To better understand the evolution of these regulatory RNAs, we deep sequenced small RNAs from C. elegans and three closely related nematodes: C. briggsae, C. remanei and C. brenneri. The results reveal a fluid landscape of small RNA pathways with essentially no conservation of individual sequences aside from a subset of miRNAs. We identified 52 miRNA families that are conserved in each of the four species as well as numerous miRNAs that are species specific or shared between only two or three species. Despite a lack of conservation of individual piRNAs and siRNAs many of the features of each pathway, including genomic distribution, are conserved. We show that in each species, 26G siRNAs trigger stage-specific secondary siRNA formation. We also observe that piRNAs trigger siRNA formation from targets containing up to three mismatches in each species. Finally, we show that nematodes produce two distinct sex-specific classes of piRNAs, suggesting different roles for piRNAs in male and female germlines. Sequencing small RNAs from four Caenorhabditis species: C. elegans, C. briggsae, C. remanei and C. brenneri
Project description:Background: The force generating mechanism of muscle is evolutionarily ancient; the fundamental structural and functional components of the sarcomere are common to motile animals throughout phylogeny. Recent evidence suggests that the transcription factors that regulate muscle development are also conserved. Thus, a comprehensive description of muscle gene expression in a simple model organism should define a basic muscle transcriptome that is also expressed in animals with more complex body plans. To this end, we have applied Micro-Array Profiling of Caenorhabditis elegans Cells (MAPCeL) to muscle cell populations extracted from developing Caenorhabditis elegans embryos. Results: Fluorescence Activated Cell Sorting (FACS) was used to isolate myo-3::GFP-positive muscle cells, and their cultured derivatives, from dissociated early Caenorhabditis elegans embryos. Microarray analysis identified 6,693 expressed genes, 1,305 of which are enriched in the myo-3::GFP positive cell population relative to the average embryonic cell. The muscle-enriched gene set was validated by comparisons to known muscle markers, independently derived expression data, and GFP reporters in transgenic strains. These results confirm the utility of MAPCeL for cell type-specific expression profiling and reveal that 60% of these transcripts have human homologs. Conclusions: This study provides a comprehensive description of gene expression in developing Caenorhabditis elegans embryonic muscle cells. The finding that over half of these muscle-enriched transcripts encode proteins with human homologs suggests that mutant analysis of these genes in Caenorhabditis elegans could reveal evolutionarily conserved models of muscle gene function with ready application to human muscle pathologies. Keywords: embryonic muscle, myo-3::GFP Overall design: Our goal is to profile gene expression in the major excitable tissues of Caenorhabditis elegans. As part of this effort, we profiled embryonic muscle cells at two timepoints: 0hr and 24hr.. To isolate transcripts from these cells we utilized the MAPCeL (Microarray Profiling Caenorhabditis elegans Cells) technique, which our lab previously developed (Fox et al 2005) in which myo-3::GFP+ cells are captured by FACS for RNA isolation. We verified these data by bioinformatic means and by in vivo validation by creating GFP reporters for a random set of genes in our enriched gene list.
Project description:In this study, RNA-Seq technology was adopted to investigate the differences in expression profiles of the hepatic lipid metabolism-related genes and the associated pathways between juvenile and laying hens. RNA-Seq analysis was carried out to estimate total RNA harvested from the liver of juvenile hens (n = 3) and laying hens (n = 3). Compared with juvenile hens, 2574 differentially expressed (DE) genes (1487 down and 1087 up) with P ≤ 0.05 were obtained, and 955 of these genes were significantly DE (SDE) at a false discovery rate (FDR) of 0.05 and fold-change ≥ 2 in laying hens. There were 198 SDE novel genes (107 down-regulated and 91 up-regulated) (FDR ≤ 0.05) that were obtained from the transcriptome, and most of them were highly expressed. Moreover, 332 SDE isoforms were identified. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment and KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathway analysis showed that SDE genes were significantly associated with steroid biosynthesis, PPAR signaling pathway, biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, glycerophospholipid metabolism, three amino acid pathways, and pyruvate metabolism (P ≤ 0.05). The top significantly enriched GO terms included lipid biosynthesis, cholesterol and sterol metabolic, and oxidation reduction suggesting the principal lipogenesis in the liver of laying hens. This study suggests that the major changes at the level of transcriptome in laying hen liver are closely related to fat metabolism. Some highly differentially expressed uncharacterized novel genes and alternative splicing isoforms detected might also take part in lipid metabolism, though it needs investigation. Therefore, this study provides valuable information of mRNA of chicken liver, and deeper functional investigations on the mRNAs could help explore or provide new insights into molecular networks of lipid metabolism in chicken liver. The liver expression profile of juvenile hens and laying hens were generated by RNA-seq.
Project description:Contradictorily, both up- and downregulation of miR-25 can reverse heart failure. Importantly, these findings were based on the same animal model of pressure overloaded transverse aortic constriction (TAC) mice. How can we explain and, if possible, reconcile these two conflicting findings? Heart failure is a multi-step process that involves multiple organs, and we hypothesized that determining whether altering miR-25 alone could induce heart failure should provide a mechanistic basis for miR-25’s action in this process. Here, we show that overexpression of miR-25 in normal mice caused cardiomyocyte fibrosis and apoptosis but no obvious kidney impairment. By contrast, inhibition of miR-25 in normal mice led to hypertension, mild heart dilation, and severe kidney dysfunction. With the expectation that restoring miR-25 might ameliorate kidney injury, we demonstrated that increasing miR-25 reversed proteinuria and kidney fibrosis in diabetic nephropathy. MiR-25 expression in humans is initially decreased at the onset of heart failure but is later increased in end-stage heart failure. RNA sequencing of mouse kidneys with elevated and reduced miR-25 identified distinct alterations of a number of putative miR-25 target mRNAs, including those involved in the Ras signaling pathway, oxidant stress. In summary, differences in miR-25 expression during different stages of heart disease and its distinct roles in the heart and kidney, offer a new perspective for the role of miR-25 function in heart failure, which may begin to resolve this catch-22. Detect the mRNA alteration in wildtype and miR-25 agomir or antagomir treated mice