Bile acid flux is necessary for normal liver regeneration
ABSTRACT: Bile acid return from the intestine and attendant signaling is necessary for liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy or CCl4 injury Three groups of rat liver were examined at 4 time points (0, 4h, 12h, 24h) after partial hepatectomy; RNA from whole rat liver was isolated and deep sequencing was performed using the Illumina TruSeq platform
Project description:Arid1a is the subunit of SWI/SNF complex, which was reported to guide SWI/SNF to DNA. Here, we found that loss of Arid1a in the liver results in improved liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy.Genome-wide analysis showed that after hepatectomy,loss of Arid1a reduces the recruitment and activity of E2F4 on target promoters, resulting in expression programs that favor regeneration during injury.RNAseq shows transcriptional profiling in WT and Arid1a LKO livers pre- and post-hepatectomy, which confirmed the E2F4 target genes and cell cycle genes were upregulated after hepatectomy. After partial hepatectomy, liver transcriptional profiling in WT and Arid1a liver specific KO mice were generated by RNA-seq analysis.
Project description:Difference in RNA expression levels between Acinetobacter baumannii cells expressing high and low levels of cyclic AMP Total RNA obtained from Acineotbacter baumannii bacterial cells in Log phase gown in MH broth culture, isolated RNA in triplicate from three expreiment. cpdA::Tn mutant and 17978hm strain compared. Assessing increased levels of cAMP within the cell
Project description:The complexity of metazoan organisms requires precise spatiotemporal regulation of gene expression during development. To identify different modes of developmental gene regulation we measured the transcriptome throughout development of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans by mRNA sequencing with high temporal resolution. We find that approximately 2,000 transcripts undergo expression oscillations synchronized with larval transitions while thousands of genes are expressed in temporal gradients, similar to known timing regulators. By counting transcripts in individual animals, we show that the pulsatile expression of the microRNA (miRNA) lin-4 maintains the temporal gradient of its target lin-14 by dampening its expression oscillations. Our results demonstrate that this insulation is optimal when pulsatile expression of the miRNA and its target is synchronous. We propose that such a miRNA-mediated incoherent feed-forward loop is a potent filter that prevents propagation of potentially deleterious gene expression fluctuations during the development of an organism. We analyzed RNA-seq data of wild-type worms at two different temperatures, 20C and 25C, from samples picked every 2hrs and 1.5 hrs, resspectively, spanning all larval stages (L1,L2,L3,L4). At 20C we picked samples for L1-L3 (sample DH2: 0 hrs to 38 hrs) and for L4 (sample DH5: 38 hrs to 48 hrs) from independent populations. At 25C, all samples were picked from the same worm population (sample DH3: 0 hrs to 28.5 hrs). This time course ends at 28.5 hrs since at higher temperature nematode development is accelarated. Finally, we measured mRNA expression at 20C in a lin-4 knockout mutant worm (lin-4(e912)), again spanning all larval stages (sample DH4: 0 hrs to 48 hrs). Each sequencing sample consisted of a mixture of all time points with mRNA from different time points barcoded with Illumina barcodes and was sequenced on one or more lanes (DH2: 3 lanes; DH3: 3 lanes; DH4: 4 lanes; DH5: 1 lane) of an Illumina HiSeq2000.
Project description:The ferric uptake regulator (Fur) plays a critical role in the transcriptional regulation of iron metabolism in many bacteria. However, the full regulatory potential of Fur beyond iron metabolism remains undefined. Here, we comprehensively reconstructed the Fur transcriptional regulatory network in Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655 in response to iron availability using genome-wide measurements (ChIP-exo and RNA-seq). Polyomic data analysis revealed that a total of 81 genes in 42 transcription units (TUs) are directly regulated by three different modes of Fur regulation, including apo- and holo-Fur activation as well as holo-Fur repression. We showed that Fur connects iron transport and utilization enzymes with negative-feedback loop pairs for iron homeostasis. In addition, direct involvement of Fur in the regulation of DNA synthesis, energy metabolism, and biofilm development was found. These results indicate that Fur exhibits a comprehensive regulatory role affecting many fundamental cellular processes linked to iron metabolism in order to coordinate E. coli responses to the availability of iron. [RNA-seq]: A total of eight samples were analyzed. WT and fur mutant cells were cultured in the presense and absence of iron with biological duplicates. DPD = iron chelator.
Project description:In this study, approximately 36 and 29 million raw reads of two samples, namely radiation treated strain and its untreated control, are acquired from the sequencing platform. And 143 genes are screened out with the differential expression (DE) analysis. Investigation of the differential expression between the radiation reduced sample and the wild-type sample in control.
Project description:Purpose: The goal of this study was to determine biological consequences during liver regeneration following partial hepatectomy in mice by next-generation sequencing. A particular interest was to compare mice with either a floxed b-PDGFR allele to mice that harbored a deletion of b-PDGFR in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), by crossing b-PDGFR fl/fl mice with transgenic GFAP-Cre mice. Methods: b-PDGFR fl/fl mice or mice with a HSC-specific deletion of b-PDGFR underwent either sham operation or 70% partial hepatectomy. Following 72 hours, livers were collected and total RNA was extracted using tizol, followed by a purification using Quiagen spin columns including an on-column DNAse digestion step. Conclusion: Our study represents a detailed analysis of hepatic transcriptome, with biologic replicates, generated by RNA-seq technology of livers following sham operation or partial hepatectomy in b-PDGFR fl/fl mice or b-PDGFRfl/fl/GRAP-Cre mice. Whole liver mRNA profiles of sham operated livers or livers collected 72hours after partial hepatectomy of beta-PDGFR fl/fl and beta-PDGFR fl/fl/GFAP-Cre (creating a hepatic stellate cell-specific deletion of b-PDGFR) mice were generated by deep sequencing, in duplicate, using Illumina HiSeq2000.
Project description:This experiment captures the expression data reported by the RIKEN FANTOM5 project ( http://fantom.gsc.riken.jp/5/ ), focusing on tissue/organism part data which was deposited in the seqence read archive (SRA) under study accssion DRP001031 ( https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/DRP001031 ) . The samples in this experiment can also be found on a dedicated page of the FANTOM website: http://fantom.gsc.riken.jp/5/sstar/Browse_samples . Since this is CAGE analsyis, gene expression data is reported by FANTOM5 in TPMs (tags per milliion) for gene promoters.
Project description:This experiment captures the expression data reported by the RIKEN FANTOM5 project ( http://fantom.gsc.riken.jp/5/ ), focusing on mice cell data which was deposited in the seqence read archive (SRA) under study accession DRP001032 (https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/DRP001031 ) . The samples in this experiment can also be found on a dedicated page of the FANTOM website: http://fantom.gsc.riken.jp/5/sstar/Browse_samples. Since this is CAGE analsyis, gene expression data is reported by FANTOM5 in TPMs (tags per milliion) for gene promoters. This is in conjunction with E-MTAB-3577 (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/experiments/E-MTAB-3577/)
Project description:This experiment captures the expression data reported by the RIKEN FANTOM5 project ( http://fantom.gsc.riken.jp/5/ ), focusing on mice tissue data which was deposited in the sequence read archive (SRA) under study accession DRP001032 (https://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/DRP001031 ) . The samples in this experiment can also be found on a dedicated page of the FANTOM website: http://fantom.gsc.riken.jp/5/sstar/Browse_samples. Since this is CAGE analysis, gene expression data is reported by FANTOM5 in TPMs (tags per milliion) for gene promoters. This is in conjunction with E-MTAB-3578 (http://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress/experiments/E-MTAB-3578/)
Project description:Plant vacuoles serve as the primary intracellular compartments for inorganic phosphate (Pi) storage. Passage of Pi across vacuolar membranes plays a critical role in buffering the cytoplasmic Pi level against fluctuations of external Pi and metabolic activities. Here we demonstrate that the SPX-MFS proteins, designated as Phosphate Transporter 5 family (PHT5), also named Vacuolar Phosphate Transporter (VPT), function as vacuolar Pi transporters. Based on 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy analysis, Arabidopsis pht5;1 loss-of-function mutants accumulate less Pi and exhibit a lower vacuolar-to-cytoplasmic Pi ratio than controls. Conversely, overexpression of PHT5 leads to massive Pi sequestration into vacuoles and altered regulation of Pi starvation-responsive genes. Furthermore, we show that heterologous expression of OsSPX-MFS1, the rice PHT5 homolog, mediates Pi influx to yeast vacuoles. Our findings uncover a group of Pi transporters in vacuolar membranes that regulate the cytoplasmic Pi homeostasis required for the fitness of plant growth. 10-day seedlings grown on Pi-sufficient medium or followed by 1-day or 3-day Pi starvation, shoot RNA and root RNA were extracted separately