Sequential combination of decitabine and idarubicin synergistically enhances anti-leukemia effect by demethylating Wnt pathway inhibitor promoters and downregulating Wnt pathway nuclear target
ABSTRACT: Purpose: We aimed to investigate the effect of several anti-leukemia drugs in combination with decitabine (DAC) on the proliferation of myeloid leukemia cells in vitro and in vivo, to select the most efficient combination group and explore associated mechanisms of these combination therapies. Experimental Design: After comparing with five anti-leukemia drugs in several different kinds of cell lines, the combination effect of idarubicin (IDA) with DAC was best. In vivo, by using microPET, TUNEL, and transmission electron microscopy, the inhibitory effects obtained by sequentially combining DAC with IDA, evidenced by evaluating tumor cell proliferation and cell apoptosis. Molecular studies were conducted using gene chip, which was used to explore associated pathways, and real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry (IHC), used to assess regulation of Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Results: The sequential combination of DAC and IDA showed synergistic induction of cell death in U937, HEL, SKM-1 and cells isolated from AML patients. Importantly, the inhibition of tumor growth in the sequential combination group was found to be significantly higher than that of single drug group or control group in vivo. Moreover, sequential treatment with DAC and IDA induced apoptosis and depression of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway in both culture and animal studies. Conclusions: Our findings showed that sequentially combining decitabine with idarubicin had a synergistic anti-leukemia effect. These findings were attributed to demethylation of Wnt pathway inhibitors and downregulation of Wnt pathway nuclear targets observed in vitro and in vivo. After comparing with five anti-leukemia drugs in several different kinds of cell lines, the combination effect of idarubicin (IDA) with DAC was best. In vivo, by using microPET, TUNEL, and transmission electron microscopy, the inhibitory effects obtained by sequentially combining DAC with IDA, evidenced by evaluating tumor cell proliferation and cell apoptosis. Molecular studies were conducted using gene chip, which was used to explore associated pathways, and real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR, western blot and immunohistochemistry (IHC), used to assess regulation of Wnt/β-catenin pathway.
Project description:Comparison of expression profiles in adipose derived MSCs (AD-MSCs) without or with transfection of siR-EID1 and shR-EID1 and cord blood-derived HSCs (CB-HSCs). After MSCs were transfected with sRNA-EID1, they could be converted into HSCs. The goal was to determine possible molecular mechanisms of MSC transdetermination. Two-condition experiments: AD-MSCs vs CB-HSCs, and AD-MSCs transfected with the combination of siR-EID1 and shR-EID1 vs AD-MSCs transfected with shR-EID1.
Project description:Antibody-based therapy for cancer is now one of the most successful and important strategies for treating patients with hematological malignancies. However, the lack of efficient tumor-associated antigens restricts the targeting therapy of myeloid leukemia. Analysis of the gene expression proﬁles of primary bone marrow samples from human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients or healthy donors was to identify and expand novel targets for the treatment of myeloid leukemias. we found that epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) is overexpressed in patients with AML. we analyzed the gene expression proﬁles of bone marrow mononuclear cells from 2 human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and 2 healthy donors using an oligonucleotide microarray, to identify up-regulated genes in AML samples comparing with healthy tissues.
Project description:The direct conversion, or trans-differentiation, of non-cardiac cells into cardiomyocytes by forced expression of transcription factors and microRNAs provide promising ways of cardiac regeneration. However, genetic manipulations are still not desirable in real clinical applications. we report the generation of automatically beating cardiomyocyte-like cells from mouse fibroblasts with only chemical cocktails. These chemical-induced cardiomyocyte-like cells (CiCMs) express cardiomyocyte-specific markers, exhibit sarcomeric organization, and possess typical cardiac calcium flux and electrophysiological features. Microarray-bassed gene expression patterns of Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), CiCMs, and cardiomyocytes(CMs) indicated a clear transition from dividing MEFs to differentiated cardiomyocyte-like state in CiCM samples. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts were treated with a small-molecule combination CRFVPT (10 μM CHIR99021 (C); 10 μM RepSox (R); 50 μM Forskolin (F); 0.5 mM VPA (V); 5 μM Parnate, (P); 1 μM TTNPB (T)) to induce transdifferentiation to chemical-induced cardiomyocyte-like cells. CiCMs beating clusters were picked at day 24 for analysis. MEFs were isolated from mouse embryos, and CMs were isolated from mouse hearts. Total RNA of MEFs, CiCMs and CMs were extracted and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:At present, the DNA microarray application to study traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) has received more and more attention. Furthermore, kinds of TCMs were too large, and ingredients in TCMs were also extremely abundant, which afforded an extraordinary source for drug development. To pursue a suitable approach on the research of TCM components, we produced gene expression profiles of 102 TCM ingredients treating MCF7 cells. All selected molecules were main ingredients in Chinese herb and TCM formula. In addition, the gene expression profiles data can be analyzed in combination with public database connectivity map (CMAP) and other bioinformatics methods, which could identify the underlying pharmacological mechanisms and molecular targets/pathway of numerous components. This study indicated that the gene expression profiles data of TCM components was a very convenient and useful approach for researchers engaged in study of TCMs. Currently, we produced the gene expression profiles of MCF7 cells to 102 different molecules in TCMs, vehicle control (DMSO), and mixture of four compounds (tanshinone IIA, salvianic acid A sodium, protocatechuic aldehyde, salvianolic acid B). Two biological replicates for each group and the data set includes profiles for 212 samples.
Project description:Tumor formation constitutes a major obstacle to the clinical application of embryonic stem cells (ESCs). As P-RPCs could successfully integrate into host eyes without development of teratomas or NOG, we sought to identify differentially expressed genes between P-RPCs and ESC-RPCs through genome-wide transcript profiling. Inhibition of Wnt signaling by DKK1 promotes the commitment of ESC-RPCs to more mature retinal cells and reduces the occurrence of NOG to 3%. DKK1-treated ESC-RPCs efficiently integrate to the host retina, form synaptic connections and restore visual function. Here, we report that further differentiation of ESC-derived neural progenitors into retinal progenitor cells (ESC-RPCs) completely eliminates teratomas in ocular transplantation. However, tumor-like neural overgrowth (NOG) occurs in 61% of transplanted eyes. ESC-RPCs were divided into two groups according to the differentiation stages for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. Normal control ESC-RPCs (N) were represented the homogeneous populations of early stage expression profiles of immature ESC-RPCs. DKK1 treated ESC-RPCs (D) were represented the homogeneous populations of late stage expression profiles of further differetiated mature ESC-RPCs. To sought the pathways involved in the proliferation and oncogenesis of ESC-RPCs, the newborn C57 mice reitinal progenitor cells (R) were applied as negative control. Each group above had three independent biological repeats.
Project description:we characterized the rice alkaline tolerant mutant, alt1. Map-based cloning revealed that alt1 harbors a mutation in a putative chromatin remodeling ATPase gene. ALT1-RNAi transgenic plants mimicked the alt1 phenotype, exhibiting tolerance to alkali stress in a transcript dosage-dependent manner. We found that the predicted ALT1 protein belonged to the Ris1 subgroup of the Snf2 family and was localized in the nucleus. qRT-PCR analysis showed that ALT1 was predominantly expressed in leaf blades and sheaths, and that ALT1 transcription was rapidly suppressed after alkaline treatment. These results support the notion that ALT1 is a negative regulator of alkaline tolerance. Roots of two-leaf stage alt1 and WT seedlings grown under normal conditions were sampled for microarray analysis. The transcriptomic profiles were investigated using an Agilent-015241 Rice Gene Expression 4×44 K Microarray (Agilent Technology) containing 32,325 probes corresponding to cDNA, 6,934 probes corresponding to expressed sequence tags (ESTs), and 2,612 probes corresponding to gene predicted loci, respectively, with three independent biological replicates. Roots of two-leaf stage alt1 and WT seedlings grown under normal conditions were sampled for microarray analysis
Project description:To explore the molecular mechanisms and signal pathways induced by restoring tumor suppressor gene HIC-1 on breast cancer cells. We have employed whole genome microarray expression profiling as a discovery platform to identify the differential genes induced by HIC-1 gene activation. Small activating RNA (saRNA) that targeted promoter region was used, and MCF-7 breast cancer cell line was selected as cell model. After 96h for saRNA transfection, the cells were collected and the whole genome expression profiles were analyzed. Three independent experiments were repeated for different groups. With the treshold of p<0.01 and fold change >=2 or <-2, there were 1375 differential expression genes, which are related to cell cycle, apoptosis, cell migration, cell invasion and cell proliferation. SaRNA induced gene expression in human breast cancer cell MCF-7 was measured at 96 hours after transfection by 50 nM saRNA. Three independent experiments were performed for experimental group and control group.
Project description:Differentially expressed genes in the skin tissue of newborn Hu sheep were screened using an Agilent gene chip and RT-PCR. Differential expression analysis revealed 3 groups of large waves and small waves; 1067, 2071, and 3879 differentially expressed genes; and 137 genes common to all 3 groups. Differentially expressed genes were classified using gene ontology. They were found to be mainly involved in cell differentiation, proliferation, apoptosis, growth, immune response, and ion transport. RT-PCR results of 4 differentially expressed genes were consistent with gene chip results. Combined with related literature, our results suggest that BMP7, MMP2, SNAI1, SFXN1, CDKNIC, MT3, and POU1F1 may have important effects on the formation of large-wave and small-wave hair follicles. The samples collected with three full-sib individual and they borned at two days, what's more they were from the same paternal, each pair of big wave and small wave individuals from the same female parent.
Project description:The high concentration of Well5 cells was resuspended into 20μl PBS, the needle along the tibia direction, before reaching in a breakthrough sense, direct injection cells. At 7 days after injection, proximal tibia was able to reach mass production. At 20 days after injection, the proximal tibia mass increased.If prolonging exposure by BLI,this stage displayedthat tumor cell signalsbegan to lung metastasis. Osteosarcoma orthotopic lung metastasis model was successfully constructed. Total RNA was extracted from sorted osteosarcoma cells of the primary site and lung metastases using Trizol (Invitrogen). We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression underlying cellularisation and identified distinct classes of up-regulated genes during osteosarcoma lung metastasis. In support of the notion that fibrosis marks the lung metastasis, the expression of numerous fibrosis-related genes such as FN1, COLs, and MMPs were upregulated from the primary site to lung metastasis in Well5-luc orthotopic inoculation model. Total RNA was extracted from sorted osteosarcoma cells using Trizol (Invitrogen). Gene expression profiling was conducted by Shanghai Biotechnology Corporation using Affymetrix U133 plus 2.0 arrays (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA). All data were analyzed according to the manufacturer’s protocol. Raw data generated from Affymetrix CEL files were normalized by RMA background correction; values were log2 transformed. For the enrichment of P values of each GO term, we used Fisher’s exact test to calculate P values and R package stats to calculate FDR (q value) by BH method (www.r-project.org).
Project description:Gliomas arising in the brainstem and thalamus are devastating tumors that are difficult to surgically resect due to their proximity to eloquent brain structures. Here, we performed a comprehesive genomic and epigenomic study, using gene expression and methylation microarrays, to research on th different genomic and epigenetic signatures between brainstem, thalamic, and supratentorial gliomas. Comparison of brainstem, thalamic and supratentorial gliomas