Project description:D. shibae was cultivated under changing light regimes and samples for transcriptome and metabolome were taken. Two independent cultivations in a Chemostat have been performed. Each reactor was run for 3 light/dark-cycles of 12h/12h. Sampling started from the second cycle and continued to the third cycle.
Project description:We studied the evolution of alternative splicing in the early stages of species divergence in the house mouse. We sequenced the testis transcriptomes of three Mus musculus subspecies and Mus spretus using Illumina technology. On the basis of a genome-wide analysis of read coverage differences among subspecies, we identified several hundred candidate alternatively spliced regions.
Project description:The aim of this study was to identify EZH2 targets in myeloid malignancies. RNA samples from control F-36P, MOLM-13 and OCI-M2 cells (secondary AML after MDS; EZH2 wild type) treated with random shRNA (n = 4, each) and test F-36P, MOLM-13 and OCI-M2 cells treated with either one of two EZH2-targeting shRNAs (n = 4, each) were screened for differential gene expression. RNA from EZH2 wild type (n = 12) and mutant (n = 12) MDS/MPN patients was also analyzed by microarray transcriptome analysis.
Project description:Blastocyst formation is a primordial event of pre-implantation development since it is required for pregnancy establishment and progression. The blastocyst plays a pivotal role because it is the stage at which the embryo is transferred and starts coordinated cross-talks with the mother. It is also the terminal step of pre-implantation developmentbefore transfer; it reflects all stresses the embryo may have faced during the process of in-vitro treatment. Achieving the formation of a morphologically healthy blastocyst following normal kinetics is a good sign but remains a poor indicator of embryo quality. Considering the limitation of the invasive methods for competence assessment, the analysis of blastocysts’ gene expression is a promising way to improve our understanding of blastocyst formation and to study the effects of different treatments on gene expression. Methods: Early, expanded and hatched blastocysts were collected for RNA extraction, amplification, and cDNA microarray hybridization. Gene candidates (IFNt, PLAC8, SSLP1, AKR1B1, HNRNPA2B1, ARGFX, NANOS, CCNB1) were selected and confirmed using Q-RT-PCR to validate the microarray data. Results: Our analysis show that hatched blastocysts are enriched in genes transcripts implicated in implantation, cell adhesion and extracellular matrix digestion. Early blastocysts expressed genes mainly involved in cell cycle control, transcription and translation. Q-RT-PCR validated most microarray results (87.5%). Some of the differentially expressed genes are interesting as potential markers of competence. Conclusions: Overall, our study provides new insights into the molecular regulation of blastocyst formation. In addition, it could help assess blastocyst staging and select better embryos based on the expression of quality markers. In the present study the Laval/Sirard_bovine_embryo_3K_V3.0 array was used to conduct a series of 18 hybridizations (for three Blastocysts stages (early, expended, hatched) with three biological replicates and dye swaps) in a loop design experiment.
Project description:Human oocyte cDNA library was hybridized on a multi-species oocyte array (Bovine, Mouse, Frog) Temperature stringency criteria was used to evaluate the conservation degree of oocyte genes among vertebrates (Bovine, Mouse, Frog) 2 technical replicates on distinct array were made at each pre-determined hybridization temperature (45°C, 50°C, 55°C), overall, the experiment includes 6 arrays
Project description:In this study, we have analyzed DNA methylation changes upon aging of human dermal fibroblasts by using the HumanMethylation27 BeadChip assessing 27,578 unique CpG sites. Cells were isolated from skin samples donated by young (6-23 years) and elderly (60-73 years) patients undergoing surgical interventions. Strikingly, global DNA-methylation profiles of fibroblasts from the same anatomical site clustered closely together indicating that fibroblasts maintain positional memory even after in vitro culture. Skin samples from younger or elderly donors were treated with dispase (Roche Diagnostics, Mannheim, Germany) for 12 hours to separate the dermis from the epidermis. The dermis was digested with 0,2% collagenase and 1,5% BSA in collagenase buffer (100mM HEPES, 120mM NaCl, 50mM KCl, 1mM CaCl2, 5mM Glucose) for 45 minutes. Dermal remnants were removed by filtering the digest through a 100µm nylon strainer (Falcon, Becton Dickinson [BD], San Jose, USA). The cells were subsequently washed and expanded in standard medium consisting of DMEM (PAA; 1g/L glucose) supplemented with glutamine (PAA), penicillin/sptrepamycin (PAA) and 10% fetal calf serum (Biochrom, Berlin, Germany) in a humidified atmosphere at 5% CO2. Cells were always replated when grown to 80% confluency. For methylation profiles upon aging we have isolated DNA from the samples of passage 3 of younger and elderly donors. For methylation profiles upon long-term culture we have isolated DNA from the samples of early passage (P3) and late passage (P21)
Project description:Molecular subtypes of breast cancer are characterized by patterns of gene expression, which can be used to predict response to therapy and overall clinical outcome. The luminal breast cancer subtypes are defined by the expression of ER-alpha (ERa) and a set of ERa-associated genes. The transcription factor activator protein 2C (TFAP2C, AP-2C, AP-2g) transcription factor plays a critical role in regulating cell growth and differentiation during ectodermal development and has been implicated in the regulation of ERa and other luminal-associated genes in breast cancer. While TFAP2C has been established as a prognostic factor in human breast cancer, the role of TFAP2C in development of the luminal epithelial cells in the normal mammary gland and in breast cancer have remained elusive. Herein, we demonstrate a critical role of TFAP2C in maintaining the luminal differentiation phenotype during normal mammary development and in luminal breast carcinoma cell lines. Total RNA from MCF7 cells with and without knockdown of TFAP2c. 3 biological replicates, with 2 technical replicates each, were performed for each sample type.
Project description:Transcriptional effects in liver, lung and blood samples from mice after intratracheal challenge with either Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 19 (lobar-pneumonia) or serotype 2 (sepsis) were monitored after 6 and 24 hours and compared to sham (vehicle control). We gratefully acknowledge the BMBF grant within the “Promoting global research excellence in severe sepsis” (PROGRESS) study (01KI07111). Three tissues x two serotypes x two time resolved treatment groups x four replicates, three tissues x Sham Control x three replicates.