DNA damage signaling gene array on SMA mouse skeletal muscle
ABSTRACT: A commercially available gene array (SABiosciences array PAMM-029ZD-12) was used to assay gene expression in skeletal muscle of SMA mice and control littermates. The Taiwanese severe SMA mouse model was used (Hsieh-Li et al. 2000). The array included 84 genes associated with DNA damage detection, DNA repair, apoptosis, cell cycle, and other functions. SMA group (n=3) vs. control group (n=3) - single technical replicates, triple biological replicates
Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is a hereditary childhood disease that causes paralysis by progressive degeneration of skeletal muscles and spinal motor neurons. SMA is associated with reduced levels of full-length Survival of Motor Neuron (SMN) protein, due to mutations in the Survival of Motor Neuron 1 gene. The mechanisms by which lack of SMN causes SMA pathology are not known, making it very difficult to develop effective therapies. We investigated whether DNA damage is a perinatal pathologica ...[more]
Project description:The monohaloacetic acids (monoHAAs) are generated as byproducts during the disinfection of drinking water and are cytotoxic, genotoxic, mutagenic, and teratogenic. Iodoacetic acid (IAA) toxicity was mitigated by antioxidants, suggesting the involvement of oxidative stress. Other monoHAAs may share a similar mode of action. Human oxidative stress and antioxidant defense gene arrays (SA biosciences) were used to evaluate changes in transcriptome profiles in the human intestinal epithelial cell line FHS 74 INT generated by three compounds, chloroacetic acid (CAA), bromoacetic acid (BAA) and IAA at two time points (30 min and 4 h). Twelve samples were evaluated. Each treated sample was paired with a concurrent negative control (cells treated in medium only). Three technical repeats were included for each sample and Ct values were calculated from the average of the three repeats. Samples 1,2,and 3 were isolated from 30 min negative controls for CAA, BAA, and IAA respectively. Samples 4, 5, and 6 were isolated from cells treated for 30 min with CAA, BAA, and IAA respectivley. Samples 7, 8, and 9 were isolated from 4h negative controls for CAA, BAA, and IAA respectively. Samples 10, 11, and 12 were isolated from cells treated for 4 h with CAA, BAA and IAA respectively. Ct values were normalized against the average of the 5 housekeeping genes included in the array to generate ΔCt values. Fold changes for each gene were calculated as a ratio of 2^-ΔCttest / 2^-ΔCtcontrol.
Project description:Wild type (WT), Nod2-/-, Pglyrp3-/-, and Pglyrp3-/-Nod2-/- mice (BALB/c) were treated with oral 5% dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) for 48, 72, or 96 hrs, their colons were removed and homogenized, and RNA was isolated using the TRIZOL method. Quantitative reverse transcription real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to quantify the amounts of mRNA in the colon using the inflammatory gene expression RT2 Profiler PCR Array from Qiagen/SA Biosciences. qRT-PCR gene expression profiling
Project description:Wild type (WT) and Pglyrp1-/- mice were treated with PBS or sensitized 5 days/week for 3 or 5 weeks with 10 µl per application of 2.5 mg/ml of purified house dust mite allergen. 3 days after the last sensitization the lungs were removed and homogenized, and RNA was isolated from the right lobes using the TRIZOL method. Quantitative reverse transcription real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to quantify the amounts of mRNA in the lungs using custom RT2 Profiler PCR Arrays designed by us and manufactured by Qiagen/SA Biosciences. qRT-PCR gene expression profiling
Project description:TGF-β1 signaling pathway of bone marrow of the Gata1low mouse model of myelofibrosis Four condition experiment. Biological replicates: 3 control CD1 mice, 3 Gata1low mice, 3 SB431542-treated Gata1low mice and 3 Vehicle-treated Gata1low mice.
Project description:Normal fibroblasts and SSc fibroblasts between the third and six subpassages were used for experiments. Normal and scleroderma fibroblasts were serum-starved for 24 hours and incubated in the presence or absence of TGF-β1 (2ng/ml) for 6 hours. Total RNA was extracted from culture cells with ISOGEN (Nippon Gene, Tokyo, Japan). MicroRNA isolation from total RNA was performed using RT2 qPCR-Grade miRNA Isolation Kit (SA Bioscience). For RT2 Profiler PCR Array (SABioscience), microRNAs were reverse-transcribed into first strand cDNA using RT2 miRNA First Strand Kit (SABiosciences). A mixture of equal amounts of cDNAs from 5 normal fibroblasts or 5 SSc fibroblasts was prepared. The cDNA was mixed with RT2 SYBR Green/ROX qPCR Master Mix and the mixture was added into a 96-well RT2 miRNA PCR Array (SABiosciences) that included primer pairs for 88 human microRNAs. Human dermal fibroblasts were obtained by skin biopsy from the affected areas (dorsal forearm) of 5 patients with diffuse cutaneous SSc and <2 years of skin thickening. Control fibroblasts were obtained by skin biopsies from 5 healthy donors. Control donors were each matched with a SSc patient for age, sex, and biopsy site.
Project description:We investigated the roles of IRF-3 and IRF-7 in innate antiviral immunity against dengue virus (DENV). Double-deficient Irf-3-/-7-/- mice infected with the DENV2 strain S221 possessed 1,000-150,000 fold higher levels of viral RNA than wild-type and single-deficient mice 24 hours after infection; however, they remained resistant to lethal infection. IFN-α/β was induced similarly in wild-type and Irf-3-/- mice post DENV infection, whereas in the Irf-7-/- and Irf-3-/-7-/- mice, significantly low levels of IFN-α/β expression was observed within 24 hours post-infection. IFN-stimulated gene (ISG) induction was also delayed in Irf-3-/-7-/- mice relative to wild-type and single-deficient mice. In particular, Cxcl10 and Ifnα2 were rapidly induced independently of both IRF-3 and IRF-7 in the Irf-3-/-7-/- mice with DENV infection. Higher levels of serum IFN-γ, IL-6, CXCL10, IL-8, IL-12 p70, and TNF were also observed in Irf-3-/-7-/- mice 24 hours after infection, at which time point viral titers peaked and started to be cleared. Antibody-mediated blockade experiments revealed that IFN-γ, CXCL10, and CXCR3 function to restrict DENV replication in Irf-3-/-7-/- mice. Additionally, the ISGs Cxcl10, Ifit1, Ifit3, and Mx2 can be induced via an IRF-3- and IRF-7-independent pathway that does not involve IFN-γ signaling for protection against DENV. Collectively, these results demonstrate that IRF-3 and IRF-7 are redundant, albeit IRF-7 plays a more important role than IRF-3 in inducing the initial IFN-α/β response; only the combined actions of IRF-3 and IRF-7 are necessary for efficient control of early DENV infection; and the late, IRF-3- and IRF-7-independent pathway contributes to anti-DENV immunity. To identify the antiviral genes that are controlled by IRF-3 and IRF-7 signaling during DENV infection, we examined a panel of ISG expression in the spleens of wild-type, Irf-3-/-, Irf-7-/- and Irf-3-/-7-/- mice at 12 or 24 hours after DENV infection using a quantitative PCR array kit. The fold changes in expression of 55 genes from infected mice were normalized to that of strain-matched naïve mice.
Project description:TGF-β1 signaling pathway of spleen of the Gata1low mouse model of myelofibrosis Four condition experiment. Biological replicates: 3 control CD1 mice, 3 Gata1low mice, 3 SB431542-treated Gata1low mice and 3 Vehicle-treated Gata1low mice.
Project description:IFrag-/- but not RAG-/- mice develop rapidly progressing bone marrow failure in response to PC lung infection. Changes contributing to accelerated bone marrow cell apoptosis in IFrag-/- mice appear to be initiated around day 7 post infection. To gain further insight into the mechanism underlying the induction of bone marrow failure in IFRag-/- but not RAG-/- mice in response to PC lung infection, IFRag and RAG mice were PC infected via intra-tracheal inocculation of 10e7 nuclei and bone marrow responses were assessed at day 0, and 7 post infection. One group of IFRag-/- mice also received anti-oxidants treatment with N-Acetyl cysteine in drinking water (100mg/ml) throughout the course of infection (IFRag-/- +NAC) as oxidative stress appeared to be a contributing factor. RT2 profiler PCR array, 5 conditions, 3 biological replicates
Project description:We examined the effect of IL-17 signaling pathway on extracellular matrix (ECM) expression and the involvement of IL-17 signaling pathway in pathogenesis of SSc. To identify differences in the expression pattern of ECM genes in IL-17A- or IL-17F-treated cells, we performed PCR array analysis, consisting of 84 ECM-related genes. Normal human dermal fibroblasts were cultured until they were confluent, and then stimulated with IL-17A or IL-17F for 12 hours, and total RNA was extracted. A mixture of equal amounts of mRNAs from three normal fibroblasts was prepared in the presence or absence of IL-17A or -17F, and mRNA expression profile was evaluated using PCR Array. Normal fibroblasts were obtained by skin biopsies from 3 healthy donors. Fibroblasts from donors were used and treated separately as indicated in the summary. Equal amount total RNA from each donor was pooled prior to gene expression analysis.
Project description:We performed a PCR array of 84 ECM-related genes using RNA obtained from dermal fibroblasts stimulated with or without EBI3. 18 of the 84 genes were upregulated and 22 genes were downregulated in EBI3-treated fibroblasts in comparison with untreated cells. In the present study, we examined the involvement of the IL-12 family cytokines in the expression of the extracellular matrix.