Genomics

Dataset Information

298

The developmental potential of iPSCs is greatly influenced by the selection of the reprogramming factors (SNEL iPSC and H2A.X deposition pattern)


ABSTRACT: Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are commonly generated by transduction of Oct4, Sox2, Klf4 and Myc (OSKM) into somatic cells. Though iPSCs are pluripotent, they frequently exhibit high variation in their quality as measured by chimera contribution and tetraploid (4n) complementation. Thus, improving the quality of iPSCs is an indispensable prerequisite for future iPSC-based therapy. Here we show that one major determinant for iPSCs quality is the selection of the reprogramming factors combination. Ectopic expression of Sall4, Nanog, Esrrb and Lin28 (SNEL) in MEFs efficiently generated high quality iPSCs as compared to other combinations of factors. SNEL-iPSCs produced approximately 5 times more efficiently “all-iPSC” mice compared to OSKM-iPSCs. While differentially methylated regions, transcript number of master regulators, establishment of ESC-specific super enhancers, and global aneuploidy were comparable between the lines, aberrant expression of 1,765 genes, trisomy of chromosome 8 and abnormal H2A.X deposition were frequently observed in poor quality OSKM-iPSCs. For high-quality iPSCs, H2A.X pattern of SNEL is most similar to that of ESC, OSK and OSKM have more devoid regions than SNEL iPSCs. Compare H2A.X deposition pattern of the OSKM 4-factor iPS cell lines (4N-), SNEL 4-factor iPS cell lines (4N+) with ChIP-Seq. The same background ES cell line as the control line.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Andrew Xiao   Rudolf Jaenisch  Yosef Buganim  Tao P Wu  Tao Wu 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-55731 | ArrayExpress | 2014-09-07

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE55731SRP039602PRJNA240832

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are commonly generated by transduction of Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and Myc (OSKM) into cells. Although iPSCs are pluripotent, they frequently exhibit high variation in terms of quality, as measured in mice by chimera contribution and tetraploid complementation. Reliably high-quality iPSCs will be needed for future therapeutic applications. Here, we show that one major determinant of iPSC quality is the combination of reprogramming factors used. Based on tetraploid  ...[more]

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