Dataset Information


Sympathetic neuropathy of the bone marrow haematopoietic stem cell niche is essential for myeloproliferative neoplasms

ABSTRACT: Myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) are diseases caused by mutations in the haematopoietic stem cell (HSC) compartment. Most MPN patients have a common acquired mutation of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) gene in HSCs that renders this kinase constitutively active, leading to uncontrolled cell expansion. The bone marrow (BM) microenvironment might contribute to the clinical outcomes of this common event. We previously showed that BM nestin+ mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) innervated by sympathetic nerve fibres regulate normal HSCs. Here we demonstrate that abrogation of this regulatory circuit is essential for MPN pathogenesis. Sympathetic nerve fibres, supporting Schwann cells and nestin+ MSCs are consistently reduced in the BM of MPN patients and mice expressing the human JAK2V617F mutation in HSCs. Unexpectedly, MSC reduction is not due to differentiation but is caused by BM neural damage and Schwann cell death triggered by interleukin-1b produced by mutant HSCs. In turn, in vivo depletion of nestin+ cells or their production of CXCL12 expanded mutant HSCs and accelerated MPN progression. In contrast, administration of neuroprotective or sympathomimetic drugs prevented mutant HSC expansion. Treatment with b3-adrenergic agonists that restored the sympathetic regulation of nestin+ MSCs prevented the loss of these cells and blocked MPN progression by indirectly reducing leukaemic stem cells. Our results demonstrate that mutant HSC-driven niche damage critically contributes to disease manifestation in MPN and identify niche-forming MSCs and their neural regulation as promising therapeutic targets. Total RNA was isolated from BM CD45- CD31- Ter119- Nes-GFP+ cells obtained from Nes-gfp mice 10 weeks after transplantation with Mx1-cre;JAK2-V617F (n=3) or control cells (n=1). RNA was amplified using the NuGen Ovation system and hybridized to the Affymetrix MoGene 1.0 ST array.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: LORENA ARRANZ   Lorena Arranz  Simon Mendez-Ferrer 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-55801 | ArrayExpress | 2014-03-12



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