Indole-3-Carbinol Preferentially Target ERα-Positive Breast Cancer Cells.
ABSTRACT: Indole-3-carbinol (I3C) is a natural anti-carcinogenic compound found at high concentrations in Brassica vegetables. ER-positive cell lines demonstrated the greatest sensitivity to the anti-tumor effects of I3C compared to ER-negative breast cancer cell lines. Gene expression analysis was performed to identify genes and pathways that accounted for sensitivity to I3C. Microarray analysis performed using Illumina HT-12 v4 expression arrays A total of 36 samples were analyzed with six breast cancer cell lines treated with either the vehicle control or the drug Indole-3-carbinol in triplicate. The cell lines were: MCF-7, T47D, ZR751(sensitive to the drug, apoptosis/growth arrest) and MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-157, and MDA-MB-436 (insensitive to the drug). Sensitive cell lines are of the luminal subtype and insensitive cell lines are of the basal subtype.
Project description:Indole-3-carbinol (I3C) is a natural anti-carcinogenic compound found at high concentrations in Brassica vegetables. ER-positive cell lines demonstrated the greatest sensitivity to the anti-tumor effects of I3C compared to ER-negative breast cancer cell lines. Gene expression analysis was performed to identify genes and pathways that accounted for sensitivity to I3C. Microarray analysis performed using Illumina HT-12 v4 expression arrays Overall design: A total of 36 samples were analyzed with six breast cancer cell lines treated with either the vehicle control or the drug Indole-3-carbinol in triplicate. The cell lines were: MCF-7, T47D, ZR751(sensitive to the drug, apoptosis/growth arrest) and MDA-MB-231, MDA-MB-157, and MDA-MB-436 (insensitive to the drug). Sensitive cell lines are of the luminal subtype and insensitive cell lines are of the basal subtype.
Project description:Cyclic indole-3-carbinol (I3C) tetrameric derivative (CTet) is an anticancer molecule that has been shown to exert an antiproliferative activity in both MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines. To characterize the molecular mechanisms leading to the inhibition of the cell proliferation, gene expression analyses were conducted. MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells were plated in 6-wells culture plates at density of 150,000 cells/well and cultured overnight. Cellular treatments were conducted at 6uM and 12 uM concentration of CTet, or vehicle control, for 24 h. Cell survival was evaluated by trypan blue dye exclusion assay and, after washing in phosphate buffered saline (PBS), the cells were pelletted by centrifugation and stored at -20°C with 300µl of RNA-later solution (Sigma-aldrich). Total RNA was purified from treated and control cells using the RNeasy plus kit (Qiagen). Biotin-labeled cRNA was synthesized using the CodeLink iExpress Assay reagent kit (GE Healthcare), following the manufacturers protocols. Biotin-labeled cRNA obtained from each biological sample was fragmented and hybridized against three independent arrays (10 ug each) at 37°C for 22 h. After hybridization, the arrays were washed, stained with Cy5-streptavidin and scanned using a ScanArray GX scanner (Perkin Elmer), with a resolution of 5 um. The image files generated by the scanner were processed using the Codelink Expression Analysis software (GE Healthcare). Normalized data from the Codelink software package were analyzed with GeneSifter software (www.genesifter.net; Geospiza Inc., Seattle, WA) for statistical validation and data mining. Normalized data of the two experiments were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and 5% false discovery rate calculation (Benjamini and Hochberg). The cut-off parameters for differential gene expression were p =0.01 and fold change threshold =2.<br>
Project description:RNA extraction and microarray analysis total RNA from immortalized normal mammary epithelial cells (184A1, MCF-12A), breast cancer cells (MDA-MB-231, MCF-7, MDA-MB-468, SK-BR-3), BCSC (MDA-MB-231SC, MCF-7SC, XM322, XM607). MDA-MB-231SC and MCF-7SC originating from breast cancer cell lines; XM322 and XM607 derived from clinical specimens which had been described in previous submission (E-MTAB-5057). The miRNA profiling was performed using Agilent miRNA array. Microarray experiments were conducted according to the manufacturer's instructions. To select the differentially expressed genes, we used threshold values of ≥ 2 and ≤ −2-fold change and a Benjamini-Hochberg corrected p value of 0.05. The data was Log2 transformed and median centered by genes using the Adjust Data function of Cluster 3.0 software then further analyzed with hierarchical clustering with average linkage (genes which value more than 100 were evaluated).
Project description:To further investigate the molecular mechanisms by which EVs mediated the abnormal localization of tight junction proteins and adherence junction protein, we performed miRNA microarray analysis of extracellular vesicles isolated from breast cancer cells. miRNA expression in extracellular vesicles was collected from MDA-MB-231-D3H1, MDA-MB-231-D3H2LN, BMD2a and BMD2b breast cancer cell lines.
Project description:We previously proposed a clinically meaningful intermediate metastatic state defined by a limited number of new metastases (≤5) after 3 months of follow-up, termed oligometastasis that has the curative potential by local cancer treatments as in contrast to the incurable widespread polymetastatic dissemination. While animal models of polymetastasis exist and this phenotype can be further enhanced upon serial in vivo passage, animal models of oligometastasis are not available. Here, we report the creation of an oligometastasis model of MDA-MB-435 human tumor in nude mice in which the oligometastatic phenotype exhibits stability during successive in vivo testing, and satisfies the criteria of ≤ 5 total body macroscopic metastases definition of the human cancer oligometastatic state. In parallel, we also developed an MDA-MB-435 polymetastatic model in which the polymetastatic dissemination pattern was either poly-foci at lung, or involved multiple anatomic sites including lung, heart, muscle, ovaries, kidney, brain and pleura. We have conducted microRNA expression profiling of cell lines derived from distinct lungs of oligo- and poly-metastatic animals. Animal model-derived microRNA expression features that discriminate oligometastatic cell lines from those of polymetastases accurately identify oligometastatic patients who failed to develop widespread metastases (P=0.005). These results demonstrate the clinical relevance of the oligo- and polymetastatic animal models we have developed and their potential in elucidating the molecular underpinnings of oligometastasis progression. We developed a stable human tumor (MDA-MB-435-GFP) xenograft model of oligometastatic and polymetastatic progression by conducting three consecutive rounds of experimental lung colonization assays. In the first round, we generated oligometastases-like lung derivative MDA-MB-435-L1-GFP (L1) or polymetastases-like MDA-MB-435-L1Mic-GFP (L1Mic) cell lines. We subsequently generated three oligometastatic L1 lung cell lines as well as four polymetastatic L1Mic lung cell lines from seven distinct animals of the second in vivo passage for further biological characterization and for microRNA expression analysis.
Project description:Small-molecule Smac mimetics target inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) proteins to induce TNFα-dependent apoptosis in cancer cells and several Smac mimetics have been advanced into clinical development as a new class of anticancer drugs. However, preclinical studies have shown that only a small subset of cancer cell lines are sensitive to Smac mimetics used as single agents and these cell lines are at risk of developing drug resistance to Smac mimetics. Thus, it is important to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying intrinsic and acquired resistance of cancer cells to Smac mimetics in order to develop effective therapeutic strategies to overcome or prevent Smac mimetic resistance. We established Smac mimetic resistant sublines derived from MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells, which exhibit exquisite sensitivity to the Smac mimetic SM-164, and used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression underlying SM-164 resistance in MDA-MB-231 cells and identified differentially expressed genes in SM-164-resistant and -sensitive MDA-MB-231 cells. SCID mice with MDA-MB-231 xenograft tumors were treated with 5 mg/kg of SM-164 intravenously for 5 days/week for 2 weeks. SM-164-regressed MDA-MB-231 tumors regrew after treatment ended. Tumor cells from these regrown MDA-MB-231 tumors were isolated and total RNAs were prepared for microarray analysis.
Project description:Acquired drug resistance represents a major challenge in chemo-therapy treatment for various types of cancers. We have found that the retinoid X receptor–selective agonist bexarotene (LGD1069, Targretin) was efficacious in treating chemo-resistant cancer cells. The goal of this microarray study was to understand the mechanism of bexarotene’s role in overcoming acquired drug resistance using human breast cancer cells MDA-MB-231 as a model system and paclitaxel as model compound. After MDA-MB-231 cells were repeatedly treated with paclitaxel for 8 cycles with each cycle including a 3-day treatment with 30 nM paclitaxel and followed by a 7-day exposure to control medium, MDA cells resistant to paclitaxel were developed and their growth was no longer inhibited by paclitaxel treatment. Those MDA cells with acquired drug resistance, when treated with paclitaxel and bexarotene in combination, could regain their sensitivity and their growth were again inhibited. Therefore, RNA samples from parental MDA-MB-231 cells, paclitaxel-resistant MDA cells treated with vehicle, paclitaxel alone or in combination with bexarotene, were used for perform global gene expression profiling with Affymetrix HG-U133A gene chips. Keywords: Drug Treatment MDA-MB-231 cells were exposed to regimens on a 10-day cycle: a 3-day treatment with 30 nM paclitaxel and followed by a 7-day exposure to control medium. Paclitaxel resistant MDA-MB-231 cells (MDA-PR) were established within 8 cycles of such treatment (80 days). These MDA-PR cells were then treated with vehicle control, paclitaxel along, or the combination of 30 nM paclitaxel ( 3 days on and 7 days off) and 1 µM Targretin (10 days on) in a new 10-day cycle for 3 months. Thus, there are four treatment groups, parent MDA cells, MDA-PR, MDA-PR treated with paclitaxel, MDA-PR treated with paclitaxel and bexarotene, and each group had four biological replicates.
Project description:To investigate the mRNA expression after extracellular vesicles or miRNA treatement, global gene expression analysis was performed in endothelial cells after the transfection of N.C. or miR-181c and or after the addition of extracellular vesicles from cancer cells. mRNA expression in brain endothelial cells was collected from negative control or miR-181c treatment and or after the addition of extracellular vesicles from MDA-MB-231-D3H1, MDA-MB-231-D3H2LN, BMD2a and BMD2b breast cancer cell lines.
Project description:Androgen receptor (AR) is expressed in 60-70% of breast cancers independent of estrogen receptor (ER) expression, however its function in breast cancer is largely unknown. Our study identified the high level of AR in ER–/HER2+ breast tumors and andorgen and AR greatly stimulated growth of MDA-MB-453 breast cancer cells. To define the genome-wide AR binding sites, we performed AR ChIP-seq using MDA-MB-453 breast cancer cells followig stimulation of DHT. We also identified FOXA1 is a crucial AR cofactor in MDA-MB-453 cells and the FOXA cistrome showed signaficant overlap with AR at both early and late time points of DHT stimulation. AR ChIP was performed in MDA-MB-453 breast cancer cells following 5a-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) stimulation for 4h and 16h respectively. FOXA1 ChIP-seq was performed after 4h DHT stimulation in MDA-MB-453 cells.
Project description:RNA was isolated from ectopically sFRP1-expressing MDA-MB-231 cells and control MDA-MB-231 cells and as well from tumor lysates arising from these cells as nude mouse xenograft. Gene expression profiles for these samples were investigated using Affymetrix arrays. Experiment Overall Design: MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells were stably transfected with human sFRP1 encoding vector or empty vector as control. After the selection with antibiotics, three clones of MDA-MB-231/sFRP1 and three clones of MDA-MB-231/control were selected. These six clones were cultured individually in DMEM 10% FCS with 1mg/ml G-418. When cells reached 70-80% confluence, RNA was isolated from the cells. In parallel, the three clones of MDA-MB-231/sFRP1 and the three clones of MDA-MB-231/control were pooled respectively. One million of cells from each pool were suspended in 100ul PBS and injected to fat pads of female balb/c nude mice (6 mice were injected with MDA-MB-231/sFRP1 and 5 mice were injected with MDA-MB-231/control) to do a xenograft experiment. A few - several weeks after, mice were sacrificed when tumor reached a certain size, tumors were taken and RNA was isolated using trizol reagent.