Activating transcription factor 6 is necessary and sufficient for alcoholic fatty liver disease in zebrafish
ABSTRACT: ATF6 is a key regulator of the unfolded protein response. Through use of zebrafish and cultured cells we demonstrate that ATF6 drives fatty liver disease by interaction with fatty acid synthase (FASN). Total small RNA from livers of 5 dpf larval zebrafish were collected: 2 batches of Tg(fabp10:nls-mCherry) control larvae, 2 batches of ethanol-treated Tg(fabp10:nls-mCherry) larvae, and 1 batch of Tg(fabp10:nAtf6-cherry; cmlc2:GFP). Each batch was purified for preparation of high-throughput sequencing libraries.
Project description:UHRF1 is an essential regulator of DNA methylation that is highly expressed in many cancers. Using transgenic zebrafish, cultured cells and human tumors, we demonstrate that UHRF1 is an oncogene. RNAseq was used to assess the variation in gene expression between control and experimental samples. Total small RNA from 2 batches of Tg(fabp10:has.UHRF1-GFP)High and age matched Tg(fabp10:nls-mCherry) control 5 dpf zebrafish livers was purified for preparation of high-throughput sequencing libraries.
Project description:The goal of this study is to compare gene expression levels in the livers of larval Tg(fabp10:nls-mcherry) exposed to 1 mM inorganic arsenic from 4-120 hpf to the unexposed siblings Overall design: 10-20 livers from 5dpf embryos were pooled per sample of either control or 1 mM inorganic arsenic exposed Tg(fabp10:nls-mcherry) zebrafish larvae and RNA was extracted using the Zymo Quick-RNA Micro Kit with on-column DNase treatment. Libraries were prepared according to Illumina Truseq RNA sample prep kit, version 2, followed by Ribo-Zero Gold treatment.
Project description:Imbalances in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) proteostasis are associated with etiologically-diverse degenerative diseases linked to excessive extracellular protein misfolding and aggregation. Reprogramming of the ER proteostasis environment through genetic activation of the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR)-associated transcription factor ATF6 attenuates secretion and extracellular aggregation of amyloidogenic proteins. Here, we employed a screening approach that included complementary arm-specific UPR reporters and medium-throughput transcriptional profiling to identify non-toxic small molecules that phenocopy the ATF6-mediated reprogramming of the ER proteostasis environment. Comprehensive transcriptome analysis was employed to validate the capacity of three prioritized compounds to remodel the ER proteostasis environment, and to assess the prefential activation of ATF6 transcriptional targets relative to targets of the IRE1/XBP1s and PERK arms of the UPR. HEK293T-Rex and HEK293-DAX cells were treated for 6 hr with vehicle (DMSO), 1 µM Tg, 10 mM TMP (in HEK293DAX), or 10 µM 132, 147 or 263 in biological triplicate at 37 ̊C
Project description:Deafness due to the terminal loss of inner ear hair cells is one of the most common sensory diseases. However, non-mammalian animals (e.g. birds, amphibian and fish) regenerate damaged hair cells. In order to better understand the reasons underpinning such regeneration disparities in vertebrates, we set out to define the changes in gene expression associated with the regeneration of hair cells in the zebrafish lateral line at high resolution. We performed RNA-Seq analyses on regenerating support cells purified by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS). The zebrafish lateral line provides an experimentally accessible system to define the complex signaling events triggered by injury and regeneration, because these cells can be acutely killed by exposure to neomycin, after which they regenerate rapidly. Lateral line hair cells are located in the center of a mechanosensory organ known as the neuromast and are surrounded by inner support cells and an outer ring of mantle cells. Tg(sqET20) larvae express GFP strongly in mantle cells and to a lesser degree in inner support cells. We isolated GFP positive and GFP negative cells from 5 days post fertilization (dpf) Tg(sqET20) larvae at 1, 3 and 5 hours post neomycin treatment, as well as from a non-treated control. Transgenic zebrafish Tg(sqET20) larvae at 5 days post fertilization were exposed to neomycin, dissociated, and FACS sorted into GFP positive and GFP negative populations at 1, 3, and 5 hours following treatment, along with a mock treated 1 hr control. The experiment was performed in triplicate, for a total of 24 samples.
Project description:We performed an RNA-Seq analysis comparing thymic lymphoma tissues from the p53-null(n=2) and ΔNp63Δ/Δ;p53-/- (n=3) or ΔNp73Δ/Δ;p53-/-(n=3). Mice at 10 weeks of age were injected with either Ad-mCherry or Ad-CRE-mCherry to delete ΔNp63/ΔNp73 in the thymic lmyphomas. We aimed to test by deleting the DNp63/DNp73 in these p53-deficient tumors will mediate tumor regression and analyze the expression profile of the genes Examination of thymic lymphoma tissues in 3 different genotypes (p53-/- vs ΔNp63Δ/Δ;p53-/- or ΔNp73Δ/Δ;p53-/-)
Project description:Leukemic splenocytes from these commercial transgenic mice that developed fatal leukemia with massive splenomegaly were isolated at the time of the necropsy and subjected to gene expression profiling and phosphoprotein profiling in side by side comparison with CD22DE12-Tg BPL or CD22DE12_BCR-ABL double transgenic cells. Mouse leukemia cells were isolated from markedly enlarged spleens of CD22DE12-Tg (N=2), BCR-ABL-Tg (N=2), Eµ-MYC Tg mice (N=2) and Splenocytes from wildtype healthy C57BL/6 mice served as controls (N=4).
Project description:Transcriptome data from zebrafish single and bulk cells from blood and testes. Blood cells were collected from adult Tg(cd4:mCherry), Tg(cd41:EGFP), Tg(gata1a:GFP), Tg(lyz:DsRed2), Tg(mfap4:tdTomato), Tg(mpx:EGFP), Tg(runx1:mCherry), Tg(tal1:EGFP) and Tubingen Long Fin wild type fish.
Project description:We wished to determine the effects of activating the transcription factor, ATF6, on global miRNA expression. We utilized transgenic mice with a conditionally tamoxien-responsive form of ATF6 and assessed cardiac lysates from NTG and TG mice, both treated with tamoxifen and untreated, in order to identify differentially expressed miRNAs. We then focused on miRNAs of interest as well as the genes they are predicted to regulate. Four sample groups were assessed for miRNA expression: non-transgenic (NTG) mice treated with vehicle, NTG mice treated with tamoxifen, ATF6 transgenic (TG) mice treated with vehicle, and TG mice treated with tamoxifen
Project description:We performed gene expression microarray comparing Osx-mCherry cells and Ocn-Topaz cells isolated from the OsxCre-mCherry;OcnCre-Topaz double transgenic mice by flow cytometry. In the OsxCre-mCherry;OcnCre-Topaz mouse model, Osx+ cells were labeled red, Ocn+ cells were green, and Osx+Ocn+ cells were yellow within the same animal. This system allows isolation of osteolineage subsets within the same animal by flow cytometry.
Project description:To characterize transfer of molecules from target cells into CAR T cells via trogocytosis we cultured NALM-6 leukemia cell line expressing a CD19-mCherry fusion protein with CAR T cells. NALM6-CD19-mCherry were loaded with heavy amino acid and cocultured with CAR T cells for 1 hour. CAR T cells were next sorted into two fractions, mCherry-positive (TrogPos), and -negative (TrogNeg). Proteomics analysis revealed the presence of targeted antigen (CD19) in the TrogPos only.