Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

2

Genomewide demarcation of RNA PolII transcription units by physical fractionation of chromatin- Neutral enrichment


ABSTRACT: Epigenetic modifications of chromatin serve an important role in regulating the expression and accessibility of genomic DNA. We report here a genomewide approach for fractionating yeast chromatin into two functionally distinct parts, one containing RNA polymerase II transcribed sequences, and the other comprising noncoding sequences and genes transcribed by RNA polymerases I and III. Noncoding regions could be further fractionated into promoters and segments lacking promoters. The observed separations were apparently based on differential crosslinking efficiency of chromatin in different genomic regions. The results reveal a genomewide molecular mechanism for marking promoters and genomic regions that have a license to be transcribed by RNA polymerase II, a previously unrecognized level of genomic complexity that may exist in all eukaryotes. Our approach has broad potential use as a tool for genome annotation and for the characterization of global changes in chromatin structure that accompany different genetic, environmental, and disease states. Keywords: Genomewide mapping of regulatory elements through differential fractionation of crosslinked chromatin based on nucleosome occupancy. Neutral enrichment- All DNA was prepared by glass-bead disruption and standard phenol-chloroform extraction with the modification that the cells were first broken in the absence of phenol-chloroform. The extract was centrifuged for 5 s at 14,000Xg, and the supernatant was sonicated and subsequently phenol-chloroform extracted.

ORGANISM(S): Saccharomyces cerevisiae  

SUBMITTER: Michael L Cleary   Peter L Nagy   Jason D Lieb   Patrick O Brown 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-5651 | ArrayExpress | 2010-07-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE5651PRJNA96855

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Genomewide demarcation of RNA polymerase II transcription units revealed by physical fractionation of chromatin.

Nagy Peter L PL   Cleary Michael L ML   Brown Patrick O PO   Lieb Jason D JD  

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 20030515 11


Epigenetic modifications of chromatin serve an important role in regulating the expression and accessibility of genomic DNA. We report here a genomewide approach for fractionating yeast chromatin into two functionally distinct parts, one containing RNA polymerase II transcribed sequences, and the other comprising noncoding sequences and genes transcribed by RNA polymerases I and III. Noncoding regions could be further fractionated into promoters and segments lacking promoters. The observed separ  ...[more]

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