Project description:The enigma that is Alzheimer's disease (AD) continues to present daunting challenges for effective therapeutic intervention. The lack of disease-modifying therapies may, in part, be attributable to the narrow research focus employed to understand this complex disease. Most studies into disease pathogenesis are based on a priori assumptions about the role of AD lesion-associated proteins such as amyloid-β and tau. However, the complex disease processes at work may not be amenable to single-target therapeutic approaches. Genome-wide expression studies provide an unbiased approach for investigating the pathogenesis of complex diseases like AD. A growing literature suggests a role for cerebrovascular contributions to the pathogenesis of AD. The objective of the current study is to examine human brain microvessels isolated from AD patients and controls by microarray analysis. Differentially expressed genes with more than 2-fold change are used for further data analysis. Gene ontology analysis and pathway analysis algorithms within GeneSpringGX are employed to understand the regulatory networks of differentially expressed genes. Twelve matched pairs of AD and control brain microvessel samples are hybridized to Agilent Human 4 × 44 K arrays in replication. We document that more than 2,000 genes are differentially altered in AD microvessels and that a large number of these genes map to pathways associated with immune and inflammatory response, signal transduction, and nervous system development and function categories. These data may help elucidate heretofore unknown molecular alterations in the AD cerebromicrovasculature. Two condition experiment, diseased vs normal, our study included 12 pairs of biological replicates and each pair was repeated with dye swap making total of 24 double channel hybridizations. we excluded 4 samples for not passing QC. So 20 samples were included in the data analysis.
Project description:Transcriptional profilling of human GSC comparing undifferentiated (ND) and differentiated (Diff 0.5%) GSC treated or not with TWS119 (LW) an inhibitor of GSK3beta Glioblastomas (GBM) are the most common form of primary brain tumors. Highly vascularized, infiltrating, resistant to current therapies, they affect patients at different ages. The median survival is shorter than 18 months. GBM follow the cancer stem cell (CSC) model. This concept proposes that a minority of cells within the tumor mass, with long term self-renewal and differentiation properties, is responsible for the initiation and the growth of tumors. CSCs provide all the subtypes of cells that compose the tumor, including endothelial cells and pericytes. Their functional properties are associated with a molecular signature combining makers of neural and/or embryonic stem cells, and markers of mesenchymal cells. A growing body of evidences supports that tumor’s behavior, including proliferation, progression, invasion and – most importantly - a great part of resistance to therapies are determined by these self-renewing tumor cells. It is becoming therefore evident that failure of current treatments to eliminate glioma-initiating cells (GiCs) contributes to tumor recurrence. Targeting GiCs and their stem-like properties constitutes thus one of the main therapeutic challenges to significantly improve anti-cancer treatments. A relevant solution to target GiCs, is to force them to acquire a non self-renewing state. Under this non stem-like state, the cells lose their tumorigenicity and become vulnerable to therapies. We observed that GiC differentiation is associated to an increase of active GSK3beta expression. Suppression of this activation using a chemical inhibitor (TWS119) altered the differentiation process. To identify transcroptomic changes due to GSK3beta inhibition during differentiation, we have differentiated two GiC cultures (TG1, and TG6) treated or not with TWS119. Total mRNA have been extracted and compared to mRNA extracted from self-renewing TG1 and TG6 cells. For these experiments we used “Agilent human genome whole 44K” chips. two-condition experiment, undifferentiated GSC (ND) vs. Differentiated (diff 0.5%) and undifferentiated GSC (ND) versus differentiated GSC treated with TWS119 (diff 0.5%LW) in monoplicate in TG1 and in TG6 cells (two different primary cultures of GSC).
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of untreated ovarian cancer cells and ovarian cancer cells miR-506 transfected with 48hours. Two-condition experiment, control vs. miR-506 treated cells. One replicate per array.
Project description:To investigate the possible role of Ape1/Ref-1 in tumorigenicity of colon cancer and explored the oncogenic mechanism of Ape1/Ref-1 in colon cancer cells. Control and Ref-1 overexpressing SW480cells, control and Ref-1-deficient SW480 cells. Duplicate
Project description:Twist1 induces cancer metastasis. Identification of Twist1 downstream targets should help to delineate the mechanisms of Twist1-induced cancer metastasis. Expression profiles of H1299 control cells vs. H1299 with knockdown of Twist1 were compared to identify Twist1 downstream targets.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of human hepatocarcinoma comparing Huh-7 and SNU-739. Two-condition experiment, normalized ratio represented by Huh-7/SNU-739. Biological replicates: 2 Huh-7 replicates, 2 SNU-739 replicates.
Project description:This paper describes the molecular and physiological adaptations of Lactococcus lactis during the transition from a growing to a near-zero growth state using carbon-limited retentostat cultivation. Metabolic and transcriptomic analyses revealed that metabolic patterns shifted between homolactic and mixed-acid fermentation during the retentostat cultivation, which appeared to be controlled at the transcription level of the corresponding pyruvate-dissipation enzyme pathway encoding genes. Furthermore, during extended retentostat cultivation, cells continued to consume several amino acids, but also produced specific amino acids subsets, which may derive from the conversion of glycolytic intermediates. Under conditions of extremely low carbon availability, carbon catabolite repression was progressively relieved and alternative catabolic functions were found to be highly up-regulated, which was confirmed by enhanced initial acidification rates on various sugar substrates in cells obtained from near-zero growth cultures. Moreover, the expression of genes involved in multiple stress response mechanisms was gradually induced during extended retentostat cultivation, supporting the strong molecular focus on maintenance of cellular function and viability. The present integrated transcriptome and metabolome study provides molecular understanding of the adaptation of Lactococcus lactis KF147 to near-zero growth rate conditions, and expands our earlier analysis of the quantitative physiology of this bacterium at near-zero growth rates. loop design of the samples including two shortcuts