Analysis of altered LncRNA expression profiles in proximal renal tubular cells in response to calcium oxalate monohydrate crystal adhesion
ABSTRACT: The present study aims to assess the potential changes in LncRNAs of proximal renal cells in response to the adhesion of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals. lncRNA microarray were applied to evaluate the expression of HK-2 cells exposed to COM crystal for 0 and 24 hours.
Project description:The present study aims to assess the potential changes in microRNAs of proximal renal tubular cells in response to the adhesion of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals. microRNA microarray was applied to evaluate the expression of HK-2 cells exposed to COM crystals for 0 and 24 hours.
Project description:We recently reported elimination of renal crystals and migration of macrophages (Mφ) around crystals in hyperoxaluric mice, suggesting Mφs might eliminate crystals. Mφs are of 2 phenotypes: inflammatory (M1) and anti-inflammatory (M2). Because M2Mφs are considered to be involved in tissue repair and regeneration, we focused attention on their suppressive role in renal crystal formation. Hence, we investigated the gene array profiling of renal macrophages in stone model mice and CSF-1-deficient stone model mice. B6C3Fe a/a-Csf1op/J wild type/homozygous mice were admistered 80mg/kg gyyoxylate (GOX) for 6days, then the kidneys were extracted and sorted CD11b+/CD11c+ macrophages using autoMACS. The gene expression of WT- and op/op-macrophages were investigated using bone marrow derived M1/M2 macrophages as controls.
Project description:Microgravity is one of the most important features in spaceflight. Previous evidence has shown that significant changes to the musculoskeletal and immune systems occurred under microgravity. The present study was undertaken to explore the change in protein abundance in human colon colorectal cells that were incubated for 48 or 72 h either in normal conditions and µG simulated conditions. The comparative proteomic method based on the 18O labeling technique was applied to investigate the up-regulated proteins and down-regulated proteins in SH-SY5Y under simulated microgravity.
Project description:Expression profiling of vastus lateralis muscle of young, healthy, non-obese men supplemented with creatine monohydrate vs. placebo for 10 days. Results identify transcriptional pathways activated in skeletal muscles as a result of acute creatine monohydrate supplementation. Keywords: Supplementation response. In a randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover, double-blind design, 12 young, healthy, non-obese men were supplemented with either a placebo or creatine monohydrate (loading phase, 20 g/d x 3 d; maintenance phase, 5 g/d x 7 d) for 10 d. Following a 28 day washout period, subjects were put on the alternate supplementation for 10 days. Muscle biopsies of the vastus lateralis were obtained and were assessed for global mRNA expression using cDNA microarrays.
Project description:Plasma-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) have been extensively described as putative biomarkers in different diseases. More precisely, increased levels of EVs subpopulations are well-known to associate with obesity. The goal of this study was to identify EVs-derived biomarkers in plasma from obese patients in order to predict the development of pathological events associated with obesity. The study was performed combining two different proteomic approaches (2D-DIGE and label-free LC-MS/MS). Samples were obtained from 22 obese patients, with no associated comorbidities, and their lean-matched controls. EVs were isolated following a serial ultracentrifugation protocol. We detected 22 and 23 different regulated protein features from 2D-DIGE and label free LC-MS/MS respectively. Most of the differentially regulated proteins identified were involved in the coagulation and complement cascade. Interestingly, there was a clear up-regulation of complement C3, complement C4 and fibrinogen in obese patients following both approaches, which correlates with a pro-inflammatory and prothrombotic state of those individuals. On the other hand, we showed a down-regulation of adiponectin leading to an increased risk of suffering cardiovascular diseases. Our results suggest the relevance of considering plasma-derived-EVs proteins as a source of potential biomarkers for the development of atherothrombotic events in obesity.
Project description:Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide, with 1.4 million people diagnosed in 2012 according to GLOBOCAN 2012. 95% of the colon cancer cases are that of adenocarcinomas. Removal of high-risk adenomas and tumors at early stage of colorectal cancer (CRC) can prevent its onset/progression into higher grades of cancer. The prognosis of colorectal cancer and the stage of diagnosis are closely correlated. 5-year survival rate is observed among 90% patients when diagnosed early and in less than 10% when the metastases develop. This makes the implementation of screening methods aimed at early detection paramount for reduced incidence and mortality rate. Adenocarcinomas are the cancers originating from the gland forming cells of the colon and rectal lining and are known to be the most common type of colorectal cancer. The current diagnosis options for colorectal cancers are limited to biopsy, stool tests and other laboratory tests, barium enema based imaging and other imaging techniques, colonoscopy and other endoscopic procedures which are time consuming. In this study, we used proteomics approach with an aim to identify protein biomarkers which can aid in early detection of colon adenocarcinomas to be precise. Proteins from tumor tissue of colon adenocarcinoma subjects (n=11) and their matched controls were subjected to 4-plex iTRAQ labelling followed by off-gel fractionation prior to LC-MS/MS run. The mass spectrometry data was analysed independently using two different analysis software - Spectrum Mill (SM) and Trans Proteome Pipeline (TPP). The proteins identified using either SM and/or TPP were subjected to pathway analysis using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID) v6.8 and the proteins common between the two analyses were compared with the data from CPTAC portal and Human Protein Atlas. The expression level of the shortlisted panel of proteins was studied in brain cancers as a non-colon adenocarcinoma control group and validated using MRM approach. A list of 285 unique proteins was identified to be significantly dysregulated in colon adenocarcinoma as compared to its matched controls. These proteins were found to be involved in glycolysis, pentose phosphate pathway, biosynthesis of amino acids, protein processing, spliceosome, proteosome, focal adhesion and proteoglycans in cancer. 94 of the 285 proteins were identified by both- SM and TPP. 34 of these 94 proteins were found to be dysregulated with same trend as that in data reported on CPTAC portal and 9 of these 34 proteins were validated using MRM approach. The proteins identified from this study could be validated further to investigate the role of these proteins as potential biomarkers for early detection of colon adenocarcinoma.
Project description:The application of gene expression profiling is to investigate the pathogenesis of aggressive NFPAs. And to identify biomarkers that could play a key role in aggressive behaviour of NFPAs Gene expression was measured among pituitary glands, non-invasion NFPAs and invasion NFPAs
Project description:Plasticity of differentiated cells has been proved by nuclear transfer, induced pluripotent cells and transdifferentiation. Here we show that by transduction of 3 factors (FOXA3, HNF1A and HNF4A), human fetal fibroblasts can be converted to hepatocyte-like cells (hiHep cells), expressing hepatic marker genes, and acquiring many mature hepatocyte functions in vitro and in vivo. Human fetal fibroblasts (HFF) were tranfected with 3 liver enriched transcription factors (FOXA3, HNF1A, HNF4A), and converted to hepatocyte-like cells (hiHep cells). HFF and primary human hepatocytes (PHH) serve as control.